FAO in Ethiopia - El Niño Response Plan 2016

FAO in Ethiopia - El Niño Response Plan 2016
Jan 2016

To address the consequences of the global phenomenon of El Niño, FAO is moving forward on the development of response plans for emergency interventions, recovery and resilience building. Including Ethiopia, 20 countries (in Africa, the South Pacific, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean) are being targeted as high priority, with a further 21 countries being monitored closely.

In Ethiopia, the El Niño crisis is first and foremost a livelihoods crisis. The drought has had a profound impact on the livelihoods of agriculture- and livestock-dependent households, causing thousands to rely on food aid. In the coming year, expected flooding is likely to further exacerbate their critical situation. To safeguard agriculture-based livelihoods, an immediate solution must be put in place to restore food production and income generation.

The FAO Ethiopia El Niño Response Plan aims to assist 1.8 million vulnerable pastoralists, agropastoralists and smallholder farmers in 2016. To achieve this, FAO will prioritize agricultural production support in order to reduce the food gap, livestock interventions to protect the livelihood assets of pastoralists and agropastoralists, and activities to enhance the resilience of affected communities through coordinated response.

The one-year Response Plan was developed to provide flexibility to be modified to respond to the evolving needs of targeted populations. By protecting livelihood assets and supporting production, FAO’s proposed response aims to reduce the impacts incurred by El Niño-driven drought and floods, and strengthen the ability of households to cope with future shocks.

Covering the most immediate needs of affected households and means for sustainable recovery, this FAO Response Plan supports an integrated approach that also calls for interagency harmonization and partnership. The plan is in line with the Humanitarian Requirements Document for Ethiopia and that of the national Disaster Risk Management – Agricultural Task Force (DRM–ATF), as well as the global FAO El Niño Response Plan 2015/16 and Road Map.

Without timely and adequate humanitarian assistance, the already dire situation will worsen for communities across Ethiopia as the availability of and access to food decreases. If response is insufficient or delayed, recovery will remain difficult, and the costs of action will increase.