Addressing acute food insecurity in rural areas 2 - Somalia

Addressing acute food insecurity in rural areas 2 - Somalia
Mar 2020

Farmers and agropastoralists in Somalia experienced up to four consecutive poor harvests during the drought in 2016-17, which impacted household food availability, income generated from harvests as well as agriculture wage labour opportunities. These losses were compounded in 2018 by unexpected heavy rains and flooding and the destructive passage of Cyclone Sagar in the north.

In this context, integrated cash and livelihood support programmes like Cash+ are highly relevant in disaster affected farming and agropastoral areas. The combination of cash transfers and quality farm inputs (Cash+) has proven to improve immediate household food security and dietary diversity while increasing crop production levels (around 30% higher than among non-beneficiaries) thereby leaving farmers with greater food stocks and surplus to sell to cover other needs. Activities such as these should be sequenced and layered with longer-term resilience programmes that support rural communities to emerge from cyclical food insecurity and vulnerability to recurring shocks.

Thanks to generous funding and continuous support from USAID, FAO's contribution to assisting the rural population in need centreed on: addressing immediate food needs, while restoring livelihoods, and protecting food and income sources against likely shocks in 2019.

Author: FAO/Somalia