The European Commission for the Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease (EuFMD)

European Foot-and-Mouth Disease Spread model (EuFMDiS)

The situation

Emergency preparedness for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) remains a core issue for European Veterinary Services, as entry of FMD continues to be a risk for the region, and the consequences would be devastating. The majority of European countries have not faced an FMD incursion, for many decades, and therefore lack direct experience in dealing with such a situation.  As a cattle, small ruminants, pigs and even wildlife may be involved in an epidemic, there are no direct comparator diseases and therefore we need to be able to simulate what may happen in an epidemic to improve understanding of the consequences as well as for improved plans and appropriate training, equipping and exercising.

What is the model?

The EuFMD has promoted the development of EuFMDiS, which is a multi-country Foot-and-mouth Disease outbreak simulation model. The model is an adaptation of the Australian Animal Disease Spread Model (AADIS) developed by Graeme Garner & Richard Bradhurst. 

This model can be used to evaluate various control options to eradicate the disease. It can also evaluate available resource and vaccine supply issues. EuFMDiS is a powerful, robust and flexible modelling tool that allows countries to evaluate their contingency plan and the impact of control measures. EuFMDis is developed with the collaboration of seven central European countries pilot countries which are Italy, Austria, Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Slovenia. EuFMDiS has now been implemented also for Ireland, Spain and North Macedonia with a stand-alone version  In future, EuFMDis can be extended to a pan-European modelling environment.