The European Commission for the Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease (EuFMD)

Vademos, Model for Vaccine Demand

VADEMOS is a decision-support tool intended to be used to estimate current and future vaccine dose demand for Foot-and-Mouth disease (FMD) at a national, regional and global levels. It aims to bridge the gap between FMD vaccine demand and vaccine production/supply in endemic countries.

It is a stochastic quantitative model which uses predictors of vaccine dose demand such as livestock population growth forecast, disease control policy related to projected FMD Progressive Control Pathway (PCP) stage, vaccination schedule and outbreak forecasting. The model has been written in R language and is presented via the R Shiny interface. It runs for 2001 iterations on variability dimension and 101 iterations on uncertainty dimension. 

The model quantifies prophylactic vaccination and emergency vaccination. Prophylactic vaccination is the vaccine doses needed to cover the livestock population routinely as part of a country’s FMD control policy. Emergency vaccination is the number of vaccine doses required to vaccinate at risk animals surrounding outbreaks.

PCP stages are used as a proxy for FMD control policy. Inputs relating to the PCP stages are the result of an expert elicitation study conducted by the EuFMD in 2020/21. The PCP projections are from the roadmap meetings held under the GF-TADs with in-country representatives. 

Data were collected from a variety of sources including FAOSTAT, WOAH WAHIS and national statistical institutes. 

VADEMOS is intended to be flexible to country requirements, and therefore the input values can be adjusted to allow for variation with in-country data.