FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia

Publications on digital agriculture

Precision agriculture in seedling production in Albania
Good practice series - Digital agriculture

The focus of this good practice fact sheet is the experience of a farmer from Albania who has introduced new technologies for the production of vegetable seedlings grown in greenhouses. The document traces the farmer’s journey, from his efforts to research precision agriculture technologies to their practical application on his farm. It also explores the impact of this innovation on his output and revenue, while describing how some other farmers in Albania have begun to replicate the practice.

2021. 4 р.

Digital excellence in agriculture in Europe and Central Asia

Good practices in the field of digital agriculture - Stocktaking report

The present report is the outcome of the joint call on good practices on Digital Excellence in Agriculture, organized by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Office for Europe and Office for CIS and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations Office for Europe and Central Asia. The document presents a summary version of the 171 eligible submissions of good practices and innovative solutions advancing the digital transformation of agriculture in Europe and Central Asia. This call complements the joint FAO-ITU review on the Status of Digital Agriculture in 18 countries of Europe and Central Asia (ITU-FAO, 2020)1 and provides evidence on how Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) play an emerging role in the agriculture landscapes of the regions, acting as an engine for agricultural development. However, the adoption of digital technologies in agriculture differs from country to country, and from region to region. The review in the 18 countries highlighted that smallholder farmers have yet to experience the widespread benefits of this digital transformation, and they are lagging behind when it comes to the adoption of digital agriculture solutions and innovations due to lack of trust in the potential of ICTs, limited digital skills, connectivity issues and restricted availability of ICT-based solutions to utilize and scale up. Realizing the full potential of digital agriculture transformation requires identifying, sharing and implementing best practices and proven solutions across countries, involving all actors in participatory processes.

2021. 197 р.

Digital finance and inclusion in the time of COVID-19

The aim of this study is to illustrate the opportunities and risks associated with the surge in uptake and use of digital financial service, providing ideas on how to leverage the paradigm changes affecting the overall approach and perspective towards digital financial services – on the part of various stakeholders – to advance financial inclusion and development. It also seeks to showcase how digital financial services have been used – in both traditional and innovative ways – to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on economies and societies, by both public and private actors.

2021. 94 р.

Digital Agriculture Profile Turkey

Digital technologies are slowly spreading in agriculture sectors globally. But their adoption is hampered by the digital divide which requires significant public investments, improved policy and incentive frameworks to be bridged. Only after that, digital transformation will take place at scale. DAP is meant to assess the country's readiness for this digital transformation by identifying main bottlenecks, opportunities and risks for digital transformation. DAP will thus guide public investment and policy work to accelerate the scaling up of digital transformation.
2021. 17 р.

From Space to Farm: Characterization of Small Farms Using Remote Sensing Data

This publication describes the analytical process carried out under the European Union-funded SALSA project which enabled the development of a European map of the distribution of small farms at the NUTS-3 level and assessed the capabilities and usefulness of Copernicus Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2 satellites for small farms monitoring, specifically in providing information about crop types, crop area extent and crop production.
2021. 44 р.


Status of Digital Agriculture in 18 countries of Europe and Central Asia

Digital agriculture has the potential to contribute to a more economically, environmentally and socially sustainable agriculture and meet the agricultural goals of a country or a region more effectively, and both ICTs and agriculture are important enablers in achieving SDGs. Most stakeholders have long recognized the need for national e-agricultural strategies. Nevertheless, most of the countries have not yet implemented a national strategy for the agricultural sector's use of ICTs.

ITU Offices for Europe and CIS regions in collaboration with FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia developed this report on state of Digital Agriculture and Strategies developed in 18 countries.

The emerging role of ICTs in Europe and CIS region is clearly observed and experienced as an engine for agricultural development, especially in view of the growing demand for reliable information and its quick access at all levels of the industry. The state of the digital agriculture ecosystem differs from country to country and is also fragmented by the regions, within the individual countries. There is an overwhelming wave of innovation in this area where a digital agriculture strategy can be helpful in finding the right path.
2020. 102 p.


Gender and ICTs - Mainstreaming gender in the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) for agriculture and rural development

This publication looks at the benefits of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) when placed in the hands of men and women working in agriculture and in rural areas. It examines the challenges to be overcome and makes recommendations so that rural communities can take full and equal advantage of the technologies. FAO’s E-agriculture 10 Year Review Report on implementation of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) of the Action Line C7. ICT Applications: e-agriculture concludes that while substantial progress has been made in making ICTs available and accessible for rural communities, challenges remain with respect to the following seven critical factors for success: content, capacity development, gender and diversity, access and participation, partnerships, technologies, and finally, economic, social, and environmental sustainability. This publication analyses with the gender lens the seven factors of success, followed by an overview of the general existing barriers to women’s access to, control and use of ICTs. Finally, it offers a series of recommendations for better integration of gender in ICT initiatives, based on gender mainstreaming throughout the seven critical factors of success, illustrated with concrete examples.
2018. 87 р.

Status of Implementation of e-Agriculture in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia - Insights from selected countries in Europe and Central Asia

Agriculture is becoming increasingly knowledge intensive: farmers have to make more and more complex decisions on the use of their land, the selection of the agricultural commodities they plant, the choice of markets on which to sell their agricultural products and other key decisions that impact their livelihoods and that of society. The development of ICTs is a major driver of economic growth. It is also an accelerator for innovation and change. FAO has been promoting the use of ICTs in agriculture and has focused on ICT innovation in improving agricultural production and value chains. However, innovation is an elusive combination of people, processes and technologies. Many projects put technology alone at the core of proposed solutions intended to address emerging and existing challenges, but this is not a sustainable solution in many cases. Recently, FAO and the International Telecommunication Union, have jointly prepared a National e-Agriculture Strategy Guide which aims to help countries mainstream ICTs into agriculture and develop or revitalize e-agriculture strategies in line with agricultural goals and priorities. This paper is intended to assist policy-makers and stakeholders of e-agriculture in transition economies to map the policy and technological environment in their countries, would show case e-agriculture initiatives in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia and provide with recommendations on formulation of e-agriculture strategies.
2018. 64 р.


Report of the Thirty-first Session of the FAO Regional Conference for Europe

The 31st session of the FAO Regional Conference for Europe (ERC) was open to all FAO Members in the Europe and Central Asia region, to representatives of the United Nations Bodies and Specialized Agencies, and to selected Observers.
The Conference included a Ministerial Roundtable on Wednesday, 16 May, where participants discussed sustainable agriculture and food systems in Europe and Central Asia in a changing climate. A second major topic to be covered on the Conference’s opening day was E-agriculture. In plenary session, the Conference discussed the use of information and communication technologies for the development of sustainable and inclusive food facilities and trade integration.
On Thursday 17 May, the Regional Conference reviewed FAO’s network of decentralized offices in the region, and established priority areas of work for FAO in Europe and Central Asia for the next two-year period. It considered the reports of recent session of FAO regional commissions on agriculture, forestry, and fisheries and aquaculture. The Members was informed on the Regional Symposium on Sustainable Food Systems for Healthy Diets in Europe and Central Asia, and on FAO support to achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in the region.
2018. 21 р.

Also available in Russian, French and Spanish.


E-agriculture: the Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for the Development of Sustainable and Inclusive Food Systems and Trade Integration

This paper aims at discussing practical methods, concrete policy options and priority actions related to the digital transformation of the food and agricultural sectors in the region, while enhancing exchange on benefits and challenges in applying ICTs in agriculture, food livestock, forestry and fisheries. Members will be called upon to provide guidance, to share good practices with a focus on strategy formulation, identify policy options and specify needs for FAO support in e-agriculture.
2018. 12 р.

Also available in Russian, French and Spanish



National e-agriculture strategy

The e-agriculture strategy guide is a framework to assist countries in shaping their national e-agriculture strategy and identifying and developing sustainable services and solutions based on the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in agriculture.
2017. 4 р.

Also available in Russian


E-Agriculture Strategy Guide: Piloted in Asia-Pacific Countries
The E-agriculture strategy guide is an attempt to provide countries with a framework to develop their national e-agriculture strategies. E-agriculture strategies will help to rationalize both financial and human resources, and address ICT opportunities for the agricultural sector in a more holistic and efficient manner. This will help improve the livelihoods of rural communities and stakeholders involved in agriculture and rural development.
2016. 222 р.

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