FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia
Photo: © FAO/Pier Paolo Cito

Europe and Central Asia – Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition 2021

The state of food security and nutrition in the world, including that of the Europe and Central Asia region, was marked in 2020 by the outbreak of COVID-19 and resulting disruptions to markets, trade and food supply chains. The pandemic has had a negative effect on food security in the region. It is in this light that the report seeks to assess how food security and nutrition indicators in the region.
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At the request of the government, an FAO Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission (CFSAM) visited the country from 10 to 28 October 2022 to estimate the 2022 crop production and forecast the country’s import requirements during the 2022/23 marketing year (July/June). The mission’s aim was to provide an accurate picture of the severity and extent of the drought and high agriculture input prices that affected the agriculture sector in 2022 and to identify the support requirements to the sector until the next harvest in 2023 as well as the medium-term needs to strengthen agriculture resilience.


Modernizing irrigation systems in Central Asia could increase the productivity of the irrigation sector to meet growing food and export demand, while also improving farmers’ livelihoods. It could ensure greater irrigation efficiency and crop productivity amid growing water scarcity in the region and deliver cost-effective and reliable irrigation services to farmers. In addition, modernized systems could contribute to national development objectives such as climate resilient economic growth, food security and poverty reduction. This publication, geared to policy-makers, sector managers and technical experts, draws on the findings of a study carried out by an FAO team through the World Bank’s regional assistance programme “Exposure and Practical In-Roads to Modernizing Irrigation in Central Asia”.


The document provides a comprehensive analysis of the future of the food systems in Europe and Central Asia based on a qualitative review of the literature and information available at the time of drafting. Specific attention will be given to (i) economic growth; (ii) natural resources and climate change; (iii) rural development; (iv) agri-food trade and policies; (v) innovation and digitalization; (vi) food systems developments; (vii) food and nutrition security; (viii) food safety. It summarizes them by Subregions and has a specific focus on the European Union and derives regional priorities for action for the future in the Region. The report covers the situation up to mid-2021 and does not include later developments in the region..


This document provides an up-to-date summary of the humanitarian situation in Ukraine and the response of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) on the ground. The revised Rapid Response Plan (RRP) of FAO requires USD 115.4 million to assist 979 320 people in rural areas through December 2022. Furthermore, to address the grain storage crisis, FAO has developed a Grain Storage Support Strategy (GSSS), requiring an additional USD 65 million, as an extension of the RRP, to deploy 4.07 million tonnes of storage capacity in Ukraine – 25 percent of the estimated overall need. In addition, the strategy will strengthen government capacity for food commodity testing and certifications necessary for export at border facilities. To date, FAO has raised USD 73.6 million against the total of USD 180.4 million under the RRP and GSSS, leaving a gap of USD 106.8 million...


FAO’s Strategic Framework (2022–2031) envisages the transformation to more efficient, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable agrifood systems for better production, better nutrition, a better environment, and a better life, leaving no one behind. In this scope, FAO promotes inclusive economic growth by reducing inequalities between urban and rural areas, rich and poor countries, men and women to attain a better life for all.

This report analyses the specific risks and vulnerabilities faced by rural populations in Europe and Central Asia.


The European Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture Advisory Commission (EIFAAC) is a statutory body of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. EIFAAC serves as a network, linking policy-makers, managers, scientists and others working on inland fisheries and aquaculture.

This brochure describes the work of EIFAAC, its networking, membership, the organization of EIFAAC symposia and sessions, its achievements, publications and ongoing projects. The brochure includes also information about the 31st EIFAAC session and the related symposium, held in Killarney, Ireland, in July 2022.