FAOLEX数据库

框架法律

适用于水资源管理的主要法律 ,其中涵盖了所有的以下几个方面︰ 行政管理;淡水资源的经营管理、 节约与利用;水的权利;水工程;水供应
没有相应的法规

宪法条款

Date of text: 18 December 1996

Right to water: Art. 27.2-3 explicitly recognizes the right of everyone to have access to sufficient food and water. Progress on the realisation of these rights shall be monitored by the South African Human Rights Commission (Art. 184).

Natural resources: Article 24 affirms the right of everyone have the environment protected, for the benefit of present and future generations, through reasonable legislative and other measures that, among other things, secure ecologically sustainable development and use of natural resources while promoting justifiable economic and social development. Property rights may be affected legislative and other measures to achieve land, water and related reform to redress the results of past racial discrimination (Art. 25).

农业

用于灌溉、林业和水产养殖的水
Date of original text: 20 August 1998 (2013)

供水和卫生设施

公共事业或商业机构提供供水服务;用于家庭、工业或其他用途;对安全和清洁的饮用水与基本卫生设施的权力;管道供水水质;污水
Date of original text: 20 August 1998 (2013)
Date of text: 27 November 1997

治理

用于水的管理和节约的政治、 社会、 经济和行政系统;良好的做法;良好的治理;权力下放;用水者协会
Date of original text: 20 August 1998 (2013)
Date of text: 27 November 1997

基础设施

水工程;供水系统;坝;水电系统;灌溉系统
Date of original text: 20 August 1998 (2013)

水资源管理与水权

水资源的所有权与控制;水资源的提取与转移;水资源的分配与配额;河岸权;权利优先;免费用水
Date of original text: 20 August 1998 (2013)
Date of text: 12 November 1999

水与环境

Date of original text: 20 August 1998 (2013)

水质和污染控制

淡水水体和地下水的质量和污染控制;农业点源和非点源污染;水质标准
Date of original text: 20 August 1998 (2013)

地下水

位于地球的表面下面的淡水资源;含水层;地下水取水;打井;钻孔;水文地质
Date of original text: 20 August 1998 (2013)

抗灾能力

与水有关的灾害;洪涝;干旱;水资源短缺;适应气候变化;早期预警系统/紧急干预系统
Date of original text: 20 August 1998 (2013)

跨越国界水域

跨越国界影响;国际流域机构;国际协定;跨越国界协调;跨越国界含水层

政策

Date of text: 26 October 2021