With an area of 32,900 km2, a maximum depth of 1,470 m, and a volume of 18,880 km3, Lake Tanganyika qualifies simultaneously as:
Entrenched within the Western Rift Valley between the countries of Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, and Zambia, the lake's surface lies at an altitude of 773 m and stretches in a generally north to south orientation between the narrow confines of the steep eastern and western escarpments of the Rift from 03° 20' 30'' S to 08° 48' 30'' S latitude. The lake averages almost 50 km in width and has a total length of 673 km. Mean depth is 570 m. Maximum depths are found in the 'deeps' of the major northern and southern basins (1,310 m and 1,470 m respectively), which may in turn be divided into the several sub-basins. Additional data on the allocation of surface area and shoreline frontage between each of the lacustrine states is provided [at right].
- the largest of Africa's Great Rift Valley lakes, the second largest of all African lakes, and the fifth largest of the world's lakes;
- the deepest of all African lakes and the second deepest lake in the world; and
- by cubic size, the greatest single reservoir of fresh water on the continent and the second greatest in the world.
|Characteristics of Lake Tanganyika |
|Position:||03° 20'-08° 48'S|
29° 05'-31° 15'E
|Length (max) (km)||650|
|Width (mean) (km)||50|
lake (less islands)
| divisions (km2 (%)):
| D R Congo
(excl. L. Kivu)
| divisions (km (%))
| D R Congo