Table 3. Typical algae, Artemia and formulated feed amounts for Penaeus monodon1
Water volume & exchange Stage2,3 Density  
Skeletonema costatum, C. gracilis or C. muelleri Artemia5 Tetraselmis chuii or T. suecica Artificial (dry formulated) feed6,7
Tank volume (m3) & {water exchange (m3/day)}   Algae density (1000 per ml) Artemia per ml (Max) Grams/ million animals/ day divided into 3 feeds Algae density (1000 per ml) Max density (1000 per ml) Gram/ million animals/ day divided into 5 feeds
2-5 {0} N/Z1 4080     0 0 0
3 Z1 80100     0 10 22.5
3 Z1/Z2 80100     5 30 246607
6 Z2 100130     1015 35 3090
10 Z3 100130 01 8 1015 35 30110
10 {1-3}4 M1 100 1 21 1020 35 37120
10 {1-3} M2 75100 1.5738 62 1030 35 37120
10  {1-3} M3 50100 26 152 1040 40 38120
10  {1-3} M3/PL 5080 26 152 1020 25 45120
10 {3-4} PL1 5080 2.56 300 520 20 45120
10 {3-4} PL2 4080 36 370 520 20 45120
10 {3-4} PL3 4080 2.56 494 0 20 45150
10 {3-4} PL4 4080 26 617 0 20 53150
10 {3-6} PL5 4080 06 823 0 20 56150
10 {3-6} PL6 4080 05 823 0 20 60150
10   {3-6} PL7 4080 04 617 0 20 68150
10 {3-6} PL8 4080 03 412 0 20 76168
10 {3-6} PL9 4080 02 206 0 20 84168
10 {3-6} PL10 4080 01 206 520 20 92180
10 {3-6} PL11 4080 01 200 520 20 100180
10 {3-6} PL12 4080   200 0 5 115180
1Boddy et al. (2000); D'Souza et al. (2000, 2002); Evans (1992);  FAO (1996, 2007a); Kumlu (1998); Kurmaly et al. (1989); Ronquillo et al. (1997); Treece and Fox (1993)
2N: nauplius, Z: protozoea, M: mysis, PL: postlarva stage; 3After FAO (1996)
4If ammonia and nitrite are being measured, water can be exchanged on the basis of
these maximum allowed levels: unionized ammonia, 0.1 ppm; nitrite  0.1 ppm (use tables to determine
unionized ammonia from Total Ammonia Nitrogen (TAN)) (Treece and Fox, 1993; FAO, 2007a).
Mysis: 300 μm screen; PL14, 400 μm; PL58, 500 μm; PL912, 700 μm.
5Feed Artemia in the evening or split into 3 feeds. Zoea 3 and Mysis 1 feeds are live, frozen or heat killed Artemia.
6Digby Fleming, personal communication (2000)
7Aquafauna biomarine, P. monodon feeding protocol with low Artemia feeding.
8Treece and Fox (1993)