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2.1 Côte d�Ivoire

2.1.1 Centre de recherches océanologiques (CRO), Abidjan

Created in 1958, this research centre was managed by ORSTOM until 1991 when it was reorganised as a National Public Institution. It consists of four Research Departments: Environment, Aquatic Living Resources, Aquaculture and Scientific Information/ Documentation. Programmes are defined and carried out by Ivorian scientists in partnership with researchers from other organizations, ORSTOM remaining a privileged partner.

Aquaculture research concentrates on three fish species: Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus, Heterobranchus longifilis and Sarotherodon melanotheron. The fields of research include controlled reproduction, nutrition/feeding, genetics, parasitology and development of intensive culture systems. The use of acadjas in lagoon enclosures has also been recently studied.

The library has a large well organized collection and professionally qualified staff to provide information services to its primary users, i.e. the researchers of CRO. Subscriptions to several current journals are maintained from CRO programme budgets, including aquaculture. The library is accessible for external users and responds to requests for photocopies and bibliographic searches. The library catalogue is a Micro CDS/ISIS database and records are provided to the REDACI network, and subsequently transmitted to AGRIS. In 1993 CRO was selected by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission to be the regional despatch centre for the RECOSCIX-CEA network. The latter, modelled on the Western Indian Ocean network, has completed its pilot phase and IOC is seeking a donor in order for the network to become operational. During the pilot phase the ASFA CD ROM (1978-1981 and 1982-1992) was donated by CSA, but no further updates have been obtained. The RECOSCIX-CEA network will use ASFIS as the methodology for database construction and indexing. The librarian has been trained in the use of ASFISIS for input to the ASFA database but is not yet using the software. It was stated that the conversion of records from the ASFISIS format to the REDACI format is not expected to cause problems.

2.1.2 Institut des Savanes (IDESSA), Bouaké

Created in 1982, this institute focuses its research on crop and animal production best adapted to savannah conditions. Its sub-Direction of Scientific and Technical Affairs consists of three departments: Industrial Crops, Cash Crops and Animal Resources (Livestock and Pisciculture). This last department is organized into three Research Units:

Aquaculture activities are concentrated in Kokondékro, 5 km from Bouaké, at the research and training centre established in 1955 by CTFT Pisciculture Division. Apart from earthen ponds, offices, laboratories and class rooms, this centre includes also a small specialised library.

Specialised 9-month training courses for medium-level technicians have been organised at national and international level for many years, depending on available external funding.

Aquaculture research has been focused on four species: Oreochromis niloticus, Heterobranchus isopterus, Lates niloticus and Labeo coubie. Both extensive (in small water reservoirs) and semi-intensive (in earthen ponds) culture systems have been investigated. Actual lack of funds hamper research efforts.

The library has a very large and comprehensive collection up to 1982 when four French research stations, including the Centre de Recherches Piscicoles of Centre Technique Forestier Tropical (CTFT), were merged and IDESSA created. Since then the library budget has been negligible and the collection now depends upon donations or exchange publications or upon donor organizations. However, the older collections are well organized and accessible and still heavily used by the researchers at IDESSA. The former CTFT Centre de Recherches Piscicoles library forms the major part of the specialised collection at Kokondékro. This library, which mainly serves the aquaculture researchers at the Station, the students and staff of the Centre de Formation Piscicole at Bouaké and participants attending IDESSA regional training courses for francophone Africa, has no current periodical subscriptions and is presently housed in a very small, overcrowded room. Thanks to funding from the Caisse Francaise de Cooperation, a bigger and more suitable building nearby is in the process of being renovated and the library should move early next year. Again the collection is well organized, catalogued and indexed in a Micro CDS/ISIS database and a full-time library assistant looks after registration of incoming material and loans. The same donor has provided the PC, printer and CD ROM reader, unfortunately for the library they are being used by researchers and very little disk space is left.

The librarian has a first degree in agronomy and has taken supplementary modules in documentation. She is responsible for the IDESSA main library and four specialised branch libraries, of which the Station Piscicole is one. A library clerk is responsible for the routine operation of each unit. The survey form on IDESSA refers only to the Station Piscicole library and does not reflect the very large collection held in the main library. Again, this is mainly the collections of the four French research stations and the only substantial new additions are donations. These include a consignment of approximately 200 new scientific monographs obtained through the DORA scheme of CTA.

The library has no CD ROM databases but the librarian periodically travels to WARDA in order to do bibliographic searches on behalf of users.

The library is a member of the national agricultural documentation network, REDACI, coordinated at the Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources in Abidjan, which is also the national AGRIS input centre. IDESSA is also listed as one of the participants in the RECOSCIX-CEA network.

2.1.3 West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA), Bouaké

Situated in M�be, 25 km from IDESSA north of Bouaké. Visited for the purpose of seeing the facilities available for the IDESSA librarian to do database searches and also to hear of developments in telecommunications and Internet connectivity. The library of this CGIAR Institute has an extensive collection, excellent facilities and a large number of agricultural CD ROM databases. They have E-mail but as yet the Internet connection has not extended beyond Bouaké. For this reason WARDA as decided to implement satellite connection to the Internet.

2.1.4 Infopêche, Abidjan

The regional inter-governmental fish marketing and trade organization, Infopeche, is based in Abidjan and has national partners in 14 West African countries. The library of Infopêche is rich in FAO fisheries publications and in the grey fisheries literature of its member countries. The collection totals some 8 000 documents, the library maintains several current periodical subscriptions and includes a substantial amount on aquaculture. The librarian was trained originally in Aquaculture at Bouaké and subsequently took modules of para-professional documentation courses. The library catalogue is computerised using DBASE which means that it is not compatible with the libraries of other institutions and its records are not available to EDACI.

2.2 Mali

2.2.1 Institut d'économie rurale (IER), Bamako

IER was created in 1960 and comes under the Ministry of Rural Development and the Environment and is responsible for agricultural research in Mali. The Institute has a total of 400 staff, of which 100 are researchers, and it conducts 14 research programmes including 5 research projects in fisheries and aquaculture. The fisheries projects are based at Mopti and the funds for research are provided from the national budget, the Projet National de Recherches Agronomiques /Banque Mondiale (PNRA) or ORSTOM. In the latter case, the research is carried out in collaboration, for example research on the Niger Delta. IER is also involved with the EU coordinated Network for Humid Zones and in joint projects with ICRAF and CETAGRI.

The Library of IER covers the rural economic aspects of all sectors at institutional and national level. It has a very large collection, particularly of grey literature, and includes 26 current periodicals, over 1200 monographs, 7500 reports and over 8500 microfiche.

The condition of the library is somewhat overcrowded and the organization of the collection probably daunting for most users. However, there are plans to re-organize and they have started computerization of the catalogue using Micro CDS/ISIS. The librarian has an MA in library science and is actively involved in information activities at national and regional level. IER coordinates the national agricultural documentation network, REMADOC, which has input centres in all of the agricultural research centres in Mali. It is also the national RESADOC partner for Mali and the national input centre for AGRIS/CARIS. They have, however, not provided input to the latter since 1994, at the time when IER started to use Micro CDS/ISIS using the BABINAT format.

2.2.2 Institut du Sahel (INSAH), Bamako

INSAH is a specialised institution of the Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS), responsible for coordinating, harmonising and promoting scientific and technical research in the nine Sahelian countries (Cape Verde, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Chad). The strategy employed to reach these objectives is to strengthen national research capacities and to promote regional cooperation and collaboration.

INSAH has two major programmes:

Although none of the CILSS institutions has fisheries or aquaculture as priority areas, they do cover the related environmental, socioeconomic and rural development aspects important to aquatic farming systems in the Sahelian zone.

As part of the strategy to strengthen and coordinate national capacities in information management and dissemination, INSAH was given the responsibility to coordinate the RESADOC network which started its activities in 1980. RESADOC covers twenty broad subject areas and provides a regional resource of information and documentation related to the Sahel. National documentation centres nominated by CILSS in Mauritania, Chad, Cape Verde, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Mali, Niger and Guinea Bissau have the responsibility to collect relevant publications and provide catalogue records to INSAH, which then incorporates them into RESADOC. The input has always been prepared on paper and keyboarded at INSAH which maintains the database and a copy of the documents either printed or on microfiche. It then satisfies requests for database searches and photocopies of documents to the RESADOC partners or other institutions for a fee. The database contains over 22 000 records, of which only about 1% relate to fisheries or aquaculture, and INSAH has over 6 000 documents on microfiche as well as an extensive collection of publications related to the Sahel. Outputs from the database include the annual RESINDEX and specialised bibliographies. RESADOC has been maintained up to now using MINISIS software but INSAH has recently converted to Micro CDS/ISIS, with some difficulties.

Until 1991/92 RESADOC was very active in terms of the use of the database and its products, training activities for national partners, the production of microfiche documents etc. Since then the level of input has declined and usage has dropped. An evaluation of RESADOC by IDRC in 1995 resulted in a decision by CILSS to restructure and revitalize the network. The information programme at INSAH has been re-structured in the new Sahelian Communication Project (PROSACOM). This includes RESADOC and the Documentation Centre, production and dissemination of publications, training in documentation and publishing. The staff of national centres are meeting at INSAH in November 1996 to review the methodologies used and to address the needs of the input centres in the light of technological developments. Funding has been provided to create an electronic mail network, with USAID providing equipment including a LAN to be installed at INSAH and at the centres in Mali, Senegal, Niger and Burkina Faso funded by the Netherlands. INSAH is expecting full Internet connection by the end of 1996.

RESADOC has also in the past cooperated with AGRIS, although the problems of compatibility between the systems continues. Much of the content of RESADOC is outside of the scope of AGRIS and it is considered to be more relevant and targetted towards the information needs of the CILSS members.

In addition to its own RESADOC database, INSAH has been offered a choice of CD ROMs through the CTA programme and has recently requested AGRIS and TROPAG.

2.2.3 Direction nationale des ressources forestières, fauniques et halieutiques. Division pêche et pisciculture

Also within the Ministry of Rural Development and the Environment and as such has collaborative research projects and activities with IER, for example the fishery resources project at Mopti.

The Direction has a library which apparently does not cover the fisheries and aquaculture sectors and the Division staff rely on donations or private collections. Unfortunately the library was closed on the day we visited as the librarian was attending a REMADOC meeting.

2.3 Nigeria

2.3.1 University of Ibadan, Ibadan

This is one of several large multidisciplinary universities providing courses and degrees in aquaculture and related subjects at BSc, MSc and PhD levels. The responsible unit is the Department of Wildlife Management and Fisheries, within the Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry.

Created in 1981, this Department today offers numerous specializations such as natural reserves management, nutrition, fish reproduction, aquatic ecology, pond construction/ management, aquariology, development projects preparation/feasibility studies. It has a fish farm where research programmes on tilapias, African catfish and common carp are implemented.

The Kenneth Dike Library was created in 1948 and is the oldest university library in Nigeria. It comprises the Main Library and several specialized faculty libraries, including one in Agriculture and Forestry. The disciplines covered are the pure and applied sciences, law, art and social science.

The library staff consists of 22 professionals with at least graduate and mostly postgraduate qualifications. The collection includes over one million volumes and 6 000 current periodicals, although there have been recent budget reductions. The aquaculture collection is very small and is less than 5% of the Agriculture and Forestry library.

The library is well equipped and has over 20 PC�s connected to a Local Area Network, although the Agriculture and Forestry library has no PC. The Library has electronic mail but no Internet connection. They have benefitted under the CTA CD ROM Program and have selected CABI and TROPAG. The library catalogue is in the process of being automated using the TINLIB software.

There is no national university library network other than informal cooperation. A project funded by AAAS between 1993 and 1996 has also provided CD ROM databases for university libraries in seven African countries and set up an inter-library lending system. It apparently has had little success due to institutional and communication problems.

The Department of Chemistry is involved in a project funded by the Carnegie Corporation to produce a bibliographic database on Nigerian research. It includes material published in or about Nigeria on medicine, technology and engineering, natural sciences, agriculture, social sciences, applied sciences and education. It contains over 100 000 referen-ces and bibliographic searches are provided for a fee.

2.3.2 International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan

This CGIAR institute specializes in research on all tropical crops except rice. The library, which is also open to external users, has an excellent collection and many CD ROM databases. Internal databases are managed using BASIS software and Micro CDS/ISIS is used for input to AGRIS. A Local Area Network connects all the institute�s PCs.

2.4 Kenya

2.4.1 Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute (KMFRI), Mombasa

Established in 1979, the Institute is responsible at national level for carrying out scientific research in the fields of marine and freshwater fisheries/aquaculture, aquatic biology (including environmental and ecological studies) and oceanography. But facilities for aquaculture research at the Institute itself are very limited and most of its programmes actually focus on monitoring of coastal marine water quality.

The Library and Information Services are well organised, in close collaboration with the RECOSCIX-WIO Project (Section 2.4.2). They are staffed by professionally qualified staff to provide information to their local primary users, the KMFRI researchers. Forty serial titles are currently maintained mostly through regional exchanges. A large collection of about 2500 books are grouped into nine main subject areas: aquaculture, fisheries, fish processing/preservation, limnology, marine biology/biological oceanography, marine geology, physical/chemical oceanography, pollution studies and natural products/by-products from fish and other aquatic resources. Marketing and socio-economics should be added in the near future.

The library catalogue is a Micro CDS/ISIS database. Email services are also available. Connection to Internet is under development.

2.4.2 Project: Regional Cooperation in Scientific Information Exchange in the West Indian Ocean Region (RECOSCIX-WIO), Mombasa

This IOC/UNESCO Project funded by Belgium since 1991 and implemented in collaboration with KMFRI by the Limburg University Centre operates jointly with the above library. Its main objectives are:

During the actual second phase of the project (1996-99), the focus will be on library services and on services in data management, in particular the distribution of mass data using CD-ROM technology.

At present there are 61 cooperating institutions and 23 cooperating libraries. Member countries are Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles, Somalia and Tanzania. About 300 scientists are working in the WIO Region of which 60 percent are in Kenya and 20 percent in Tanzania.

The following activities are carried out:

In 1995, KMFRI/RECOSCIX-WIO became a regional input centre for the ASFA database.

2.5 Malawi

2.5.1 Bunda College of Agriculture, Lilongwe

Founded in 1966 as part of the University of Malawi, this College includes five teaching/research Departments:

The Library of Bunda College is well known both in and outside the region for its resources of well-qualified staff, extensive collections and the services it provides. The new library building, funded by USAID, is large and purpose built to provide an attractive environment with excellent facilities for reading and study areas, computerised information services, training and a large collection of books and periodicals as well as audio-visual materials. The library budget is mainly provided by the college itself.

The library is building up its collection of aquaculture information to meet the needs of staff and students of the SADC Regional Training Programme. Some funding for this is provided by JICA, ICEIDA and SIAST. In addition to internal users, the library serves many external clients in Malawi, including NGO�s, the private sector and consultants. In addition to providing information from its own collection and via cooperation with other libraries in Malawi, Bunda has an account with CABI for copies of articles requested by E-mail and they have recently received $1 000 worth of Unesco interlibrary coupons from CTA.

Bunda is an FAO and EPA repository library and has large collections of microfiche and audio-visual materials, as well as the equipment to exploit these. They have 8 Pcs, four of which have CD ROM drives and printers. The College E-mail is managed by the library but as yet there is no Internet connection and VSAT satellite connection is being investigated.

Databases are maintained using Micro CDS/ISIS, the MARC format and the CABI thesaurus. Several specialized internal subject databases include ones on maize, women, environment, theses and Malawiana. The records of the latter are contributed to the national Malawi database and Bunda maintains copies of all the documents in a special collection. The library also has many CD ROM databases, including AGRIS, ASFA, CABI, Fish and Fisheries Worldwide, FISHBASE, TROPAG, Agricola. Unfortunately most of these are now superseded as they were one off donations and Bunda is unable to maintain subscriptions.

Bunda is the Malawi focal point for SAAINET and it cooperates with the Ministry of Agriculture Library at Chitedze in preparing input to AGRIS. They also cooperate with Chitedze on the exchange of contents pages of journals and as part of the University of Malawi library network receive catalogue records downloaded from the BIBLIOPHILE CD ROM.

2.5.2 Southern African Development Community, Inland Fisheries Sector Technical Coordination Unit (SADC/IFSTCU), Lilongwe

The library of SADC/IFSTCU is charged with the collection, management and coordination of the documents produced by the relevant government departments involved with inland fisheries and aquaculture in the SADC countries. SADC/IFSTCU is funded by Iceland and the Technical Coordination Unit is based in Lilongwe. The library of the Coordination Unit also collects relevant documents from other organizations and is building up a documentation centre with regional coverage. Each national focal point is responsible for the collection of documents and input of records to a PROCITE database. This software, which is a commercial package, was chosen in preference to Micro CDS/ISIS as most of the Ministries involved do not have a trained librarian with experience of the latter. PROCITE is more user-friendly and it will be possible to create exchangeable databases on diskette with a minimum of training.

A regional fisheries information programme has been defined and will commence in 1997. One drawback has been that the Government of Malawi has not been able to provide a counterpart for training by the Icelandic librarian during the first year of the project. This is partly because all the well-qualified librarians in Malawi have jobs, but it is expected that one will be appointed by the end of 1996.

2.6 Zimbabwe

2.6.1 Aquaculture for Local Community Development Programme (ALCOM), Harare

Initiated in 1987, ALCOM is a regional community-based programme funded by Belgium/Sweden and executed by FAO. Today it collaborates in various ways with SADC member-countries and has pilot projects in five of them. The programme seeks to develop, test and demonstrate strategies, methods and techniques by which rural smallholders can improve their living standards through the management of available aquatic resources. It focuses on small-scale aquaculture integrated into the local farming system, on the management of fish resources in small water reservoirs, and on rural extension methodology and organization. A related activity is establishing a Southern African database for such reservoirs, including their socio-economic setting.

The ALCOM library has a unique collection of about 7 000 holdings of books, published and unpublished reports, reprints and journals on the technological and socio-economic aspects of aquaculture and aquatic resources development, in particular in Southern Africa.

Its computerised catalogue, a Micro CDS/ISIS application is available to any interested user or institution. It is accessible together with several specialised databases to all users at the library and at selected remote sites to organizations and departments of the SADC Region. Bibliographic research and reference services are available to officials and scientists of the region.

The library is the National Aquatic Resources Centre for the Zimbabwe Agricultural Information Network (ZIMAGRINET), a computerised information network which collects, processes and disseminates information on agriculture and related subjects. Internet connection (e-mail plus a home page on www) facilitates access to external databases.

2.6.2 Department of National Parks and Wildlife Management, Harare

This Department of the Ministry of Environment and Tourism has the overall responsibility of promoting the conservation and wise utilization of wildlife resources (incl. fish) within the Parks and Wildlife Estate of the country. Its Aquatic Ecology Branch is primarily concerned with research on and management of fishery resources in major lakes and recreational fisheries as well as both basic and applied research aimed at fish seed production, stocking of small reservoirs, selective breeding and complementary feeding in support of aquaculture.

The library, created in 1963, is well organised. Its collections include about 4 000 monographs and nearly 15 000 reprints, all catalogued in a Procite database. Serials number about 400 (computerised list) of which about 105 are current, mostly obtained through exchanges and external funding. Emphasis of these collections is on terrestrial and aquatic ecology, with a smaller part referring to natural resources management, utilization and conservation as well as fisheries, aquaculture and sociology.

2.6.3 Ministry of Agriculture Central Library, Harare

This very old library created in 1915 coordinates information activities in the Ministry (six Branch libraries) as well as in parastatal agricultural libraries. It is a research library specialised in agriculture and related subjects. Its collections are extensive, including about 1500 serial titles (of which 262 current), 10 000 monographs and 15 000 reprints. Unfortunately, only the most recent acquisitions are catalogued in a computerised database (Micro CDS/ISIS) due to lack of staff.

At the national level, the library coordinates ZIMAGRINET. At the regional level, it is the focal point for the Southern African Agriculture Network (SAAINET) and member of the Southern African Interlending Scheme (SAIS). At the international level, it acts as input centre for the FAO-coordinated AGRIS/CARIS information network.

As part of its various services, the library offers a postal and telephone loan request service to all extension personnel and researchers in the field.

2.7 South Africa

2.7.1 Rhodes University and its main library, Grahamstown

Rhodes University, founded in 1904, has 37 academic Departments in seven Faculties. In 1996 there are almost 4 000 students of which about 15 percent come from outside the country. The University offers undergraduate courses and postgraduate degrees in all basic sciences. It also offers specializations of particular interest to this mission such as anthropology, computer science/networks, economics, ichthyology/fisheries science, information systems, management, sociology, community/rural development and conservation. Apart from the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology (see Section 2.7.3), it hosts several other specialised research centres such as the Institute for Water Research (which maintains its own database) and the Institute of Social and Economic Research.

The main University library is housed in a four-storey building and functions with an annual budget of about one million USD. It offers all the facilities required to efficiently function as a large and modern university library, including a Local Area Network serving staff and students computers not only at the library itself but on the whole campus. The staff is well trained and highly competent, including 12 full-time professional librarians.

The collections are impressive. For our three areas of particular interest (anthropology, economics and sociology), there are 163 current serial titles, 80 theses and about 18 000 monographs. Major CD-ROM and on-line databases are available. The library catalogue is computerised using the URICA Library System. Acquisition and processing as well as system maintenance are centralised here. But collections dealing with specialised subjects (for ex. ichthyology, fisheries and aquaculture) are held in separate libraries and part of specific research institutes (for ex. J.L.B. Smith's, see Section 2.7.3). Access to the collections is free to the general public but access to commercial databases through the LAN is restricted to University staff, researchers and students.

2.7.2 R.U. Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science, Grahamstown

Established in 1981, Rhodes University Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science (DIFS) offers post graduate degrees (Diploma, BSc Honours, MSc and PhD levels) in the specialised fields of Ichthyology, Fisheries Science and Aquaculture. This year 40 students are enrolled of which 22 for a Masters and 13 for a Doctorate degree. A close collaboration exists with the J.L.B. Smith Institute for teaching, research and information (see Section 2.7.3). The chairman and the secretary/treasurer of the South African Aquaculture Association are Department staff and its newsletter is produced here.

Aquaculture research is currently focused on trout (nutrition/feeding), abalone (nutrition), marine food fishes (two sparids and spotted grunter) and ornamental fishes (freshwater and marine). In 1997, crab (Scylla spp.) will be added on the basis of existing Asian technology. In general, environmental requirements, genetics and the development of appropriate African culture techniques are priorities for any new species considered.

Staff and students heavily use the J.L.B. Smith Institute library and its database FISHLIT. The latter can be freely consulted on-line through the University Local Area Network (LAN), together with other databases such as NISC Water Resources Worldwide and African Studies as well as the main library catalogue (see Section 2.7.1).

A project financed by the Belgian Flemish Community has just started. It aims at producing interactive aquaculture courses on CD ROM, in collaboration with European Universities such as Ghent (Belgium) and Wageningen (Netherlands).

2.7.3 J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown

Founded in 1948 as a Research Department of Rhodes University, this Institute became an independent Declared Cultural Institution in 1980. Its role is threefold: to curate the National Collection of Fishes, to conduct research in all aspects of ichthyology and to communicate knowledge on fishes and their environment to the scientific community and the lay public.

The fish collection includes more than 55 000 accessioned lots and over 750 000 specimens taken mainly from the surrounding oceans and fresh waters of southern Africa. It is catalogued as a comprehensive computerised database (FISHNET), supported by an extensive library and information service.

Research on fishes in marine, estuarine and freshwater environments has diversified in recent years. It now includes taxonomy, ecology, ethology, conservation, embryology, genetics, palaeontology, morphology and molecular biology. Contract research is also done on subsistence fisheries and environmental issues. Field guides, posters and scientific books are produced internally by full-time artists.

Institute staff collaborate very closely with the Rhodes University Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science for supervising and training postgraduate students. Short courses are organised on request on environmental education, taxonomy/systematics, and conservation and management procedures, followed up by on-site training.

The library is one of the few in the world devoted entirely to fish. Its collections consist of references on all aspects of fish, fisheries and aquaculture relevant to Africa and the surrounding oceans. They include more than 4 000 books, 25 000 reprints and 200 current serials. References older than 1985 are on a card catalogue. The rest is catalogued on the specialised database FISHLIT using the URICA Library System common to Rhodes University. By March 1995, FISHLIT contained 52 000 references.

Since June 1995, the Institute and Rhodes University have entered into an agreement with the South African branch of the National Inquiry Service Centre (NISC-SA) concerning FISHLIT: the rights to this database were purchased by NISC-SA in exchange for taking over prime responsibility for its production and for providing free copies of the full database on a quarterly basis to the Institute and Rhodes University. This database is also available on the NISC CD ROM Fish and Fisheries Worldwide, together with other aquatic science databases. FISHLIT should become available on-line via the Internet in the near future.

The Institute is actively preparing a symposium to be held in Grahamstown in September 1998 as a follow-up to the PARADI symposium (Biological Diversity of African Fresh- and Brackishwater Fishes, Senegal, November 1993). This scientific symposium will also aim at bringing people together and promoting information exchange.

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