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Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2005)

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    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefUpdated 09-2016

    Total capture production by the Netherlands in 2013 was about 327 400 tonnes. The Dutch fleet was active in distant waters in particular in the Eastern Central Atlantic, contributing around 30 percent of total marine capture production, but in 2012 and 2013 its contribution declined substantially to 11 and 4 percent of marine capture production respectively.

    In 2014, imports were valued at USD 4.0 billion, whereas exports generated over USD 4.6 billion, going mostly to European countries. In 2013, apparent per capita fish consumption was estimated at 22.3 kg.

    The Dutch fleet is highly diversified with a broad range of vessel types targeting different species, predominantly in the North Sea (demersal fleet) and North-east Atlantic Ocean (pelagic fleet). The Dutch fleet comprised 849 vessels in 2012, of which 37 percent were vessels less than 12 m in length and were divided into two parts: the cutter fleet and the trawler fleet. The cutter fleet, mostly beam cutters, captured mainly flatfish such as plaice and sole. Trawlers captured mostly fish for herring, mackerel, horse mackerel and sardinella, catches being processed immediately and frozen on board. There was also the modern mussel fleet with sophisticated equipment for farming and harvesting mussels. The marine capture fishing was estimated to provide about 2 700 direct employment in 2013. Aquaculture production was about 60 300 tonnes in 2014, consisting mainly of mussels (54 300 tonnes). The Netherlands is one of the top producing countries of farmed European eel in the European Union (EU) (1 800 tonnes in 2014).

    The Ministry of Economic Affairs is responsible for fisheries policy, planning, management and development in the Netherlands.

    Since January 2014 the EU Member States have a new Common Fisheries Policy in place. The first CFP was introduced in the 1970; and has undergone several successive updates since then. The principal aim of fisheries management under the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is to ensure high long-term fishing yields for all stocks by 2015 where possible, and at the latest by 2020. Another increasingly important aim is to reduce unwanted catches and wasteful practices to the minimum or avoid them altogether, through the gradual introduction of a landing obligation

    The Netherlands and the EU have earmarked a fund for the period 2014–2020 under the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF), (EUR 101.5 Million) . The EMFF is one of the five European Structural and Investment (ESI) that seek to promote a growth and job based recovery in Europe. The Netherlands Operational Programme for that period, covers five of the six “Union priorities” defined in the EMFF, namely:

    • promoting environmentally sustainable, resource-efficient, innovative,
    • competitive and knowledge-based fisheries;
    • fostering environmentally sustainable, resource-efficient, innovative,
    • competitive and knowledge-based aquaculture;
    • fostering the implementation of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP);
    • increasing employment and territorial cohesion, and
    • Fostering marketing and processing;
    • Fostering the implementation of the Integrated Maritime Policy (IMP).

    Since 28 June 1996, the Netherlands is Party to the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea; on 19 December 2003, on the same day as other EC countries and the EC itself, the Netherlands became Party to the 1995 UN Fish Stocks Agreement. Through the European Community, it is bound by the 1995 FAO Compliance Agreement. The Instrument of Acceptance of that Agreement was deposited by the European Community in August 1996.
    General geographic and economic indicators

    Table 1 - General Geographic and Economic Data - The Kingdom of the Netherlands

    Shelf area 61 856 km2 Sea around us: http://www.seaaroundus.org/
    Length of continental coastline 1 276 km European Commission: http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/cfp/emff/doc/op-netherlands-fact-sheet_en.pdf
    Fisheries GVA Not Available  

    FAO Fisheries statisticsTable 2 in this section is based on statistics prepared by the Statistics and Information Branch of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Department and disseminated in 2016. The charts are based on the same source but these are automatically updated every year with the most recent disseminated statistics.

    Table 2 – Employment and Fleet Statistics - The Kingdom of the Netherlands

          1980 1990 2000 2010 2012 2013 2014
    EMPLOYMENT (thousands) 3.84 4.30 0.00 3.15 3.04 2.98 2.61
      Aquaculture 0.32 0.25 0.28
      Capture 3.84 4.30 2.83 2.79 2.70 2.61
        Marine 3.84 4.30 2.83 2.79 2.70 2.61
    FLEET(thousands vessels) 0.94 0.32 0.32 0.31 0.31
    Source: FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics
    1) Due to roundings total may not sum up

    Please note: Fishery statistical data here presented exclude the production for marine mammals, crocodiles, corals, sponges, pearls, mother-of-pearl and aquatic plants.


    Updated 2005The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_ND.pdf

    Additional information

    Meetings & News archive


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