FAO Home>Fisheries & Aquaculture
FAO of the UN
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries. Dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement.

Overview and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

Additional information

  1. FAO Thematic data bases
  2. Publications
  3. Meetings & News archive

Overview and main indicators

Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

Country briefPrepared: February, 2020.

Qatar has a relatively short coastline (563 km), with coastal waters characterized by extreme meteorological and hydrological conditions with temperatures varying from 19°C to 32°C, high evaporation rates and high salinities. Qatar waters are relatively poor in marine resources. In spite of the latter, there were 3816 full-time coastal fishers reported in 2018. Although ownership of vessels is restricted to Qatari nationals, the industry depends heavily on expatriate labour. In 2018 470 vessels were reported in the fleet, all under 24m LOA. The fisheries sector remains important from a socio-economic and traditional viewpoint in that it provides an economic activity and employment in many coastal communities. The landings of the artisanal fisherfolk provide an important supply of fish to local communities and to the important urban areas. The apparent per capita annual fish consumption was estimated around 23 kg in 2017.

Total capture production has significantly increased from 4 400 tonnes in 1999 to a maximum of 14 669 tonnes in 2018, with fluctuations in the previous years.  The most common catch are emperor fishes, followed by narrow-barred Spanish mackerel and groupers, which are a highly valuable but overexploited resource. 

Commercial marine aquaculture has not started and existing aquaculture activities have been conducted by researchers in small-scale freshwater facilities using tilapia. Production levels are still very low, farmed tilapia production was 37 tonnes in 2018. Qatar is nevertheless encouraging investments in mariculture mainly due to limited land availability for land-based operations and in the use of underground freshwater water for the integrated production of agriculture products and fish.

Imports of fish and fishery products were valued at USD 103.6 million in 2018. Exports of fish and fishery products are very limited, and they were estimated at USD 0.7 million in 2018. 
General geographic and economic indicators

Table 1 - General Geographic and Economic Data - Qatar

Shelf area 31 818 km2  http://www.seaaroundus.org  
Length of continental coastline 563 km https://www.citypopulation.de/en/world/bymap/coastlines/
Fisheries GDP (year) N/A N/A

Key statistics

Country area11 610km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
Land area11 610km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
Inland water area0km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
Population - Est. & Proj.2.139millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2018
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area31 423km2VLIZ

Source: FAO Country Profile

FAO Fisheries statisticsTable 2 in this section is based on statistics prepared by the FAO Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Unit and disseminated in 2020. The charts are based on the same source but these are automatically updated every year with the most recent statistics.

Table 2 — FAO fisheries statistics - Qatar

       1995  2000  2005  2010  2015  2016  2017  2018 
EMPLOYMENT (thousands)  3,28 5,18 4,62 3,30 3,01 3,19 3,66 3,82
  Capture  3,28 5,18 4,62 3,30 3,01 3,19 3,66 3,82
    Marine  3,277 5,176 4,616 3,3 3,011 3,193 3,664 3,816
FLEET (thousands boats)  0,51 0,52 0,52 0,50 0,48 0,48 0,48 0,47
Source: FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics   
1) Due to roundings total may not sum up   

Please Note:Fishery statistical data here presented exclude the production for marine mammals, crocodiles, corals, sponges, pearls, mother-of-pearl and aquatic plants.


Additional information

FAO Thematic data bases

Meetings & News archive


Powered by FIGIS