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Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2019)

    Additional information

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    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefPrepared: June 2019

    The fisheries sector plays a very small economic role in Sweden in relative terms. While the contribution of the aquaculture, processing and fish harvesting sub-sectors to the total Swedish Gross Domestic Product is marginal, the sector’s importance to some local, coastal economies is high.

    Professional fisheries in Sweden include marine (offshore and inshore) and inland fisheries. Vessels used in marine, commercial fishing have to be issued with a vessel permit and at least one fisherman per vessel must hold a personal, professional fishing license. In 2017, just over 1 787 male and 198 female fishers were reported as directly engaged in marine fisheries.

    The management of Sweden’s fisheries resources is, since 1 July 2011, the responsibility of the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management (SwAM,) which comes under the auspices of the Ministry for Rural Affairs. As a member of the European Union Swedish fisheries policy and management come under the umbrella of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) of the EU.

    In 2017, the Swedish fishing fleet consisted of 1 232 vessels. Eighty-five percent of these vessels were below 12 m in overall length. In 2017, total marine catches reached 221800 tonnes, after in 2012 the lowest total catch ever at 150 000 tonnes was registered. To date, the most important species in value landed for human consumption were cod and herring Another very important fishery consisted of fish landed for reduction, mainly sprat, herring, sand eel and blue whiting.

    The very important cod stocks in the Baltic have decreased dramatically from historically very high levels in the 1980s. In 2016, landings were less than a sixth of what they were in 1996. Fishing activities have consequently been severely restricted, leading to financial difficulties for many fishermen. Many of the larger vessels have turned to pelagic fishing. However, due to a weak consumption market for these species, much of the pelagic catch is for reduction. Fishing for reduction accounts for more than half of all Swedish landings in terms of volume.

    Catches in inland waters amounted approximately to 10 800 tonnes in 2017. This included catches of professional fisherman, with 179 inland fishers reported and recreational fishing, which is very important in Sweden. About 1.6 million people engage in recreational fishing of total 13.3 million fishing days. The recreational fishers generated roughly over 5 million euro during 2013.

    Aquaculture in Sweden is reported to be 14800 tonnes in 2017, which is 6 percent in the total fish production of 247400 tonnes in the same year. Rainbow trout is by far the most important species farmed, followed by blue mussel and chars.

    According to FAO calculations, the per capita supply of fish (live weight equivalent) has been stable at about 25‒33 kg for the last 40 years. Sweden has a negative trade balance in fish products. In 2017, imports of fish and fishery products were valued at USD 4.9 billion, exceeding the value of exports by USD 0.8 billion.
    General geographic and economic indicators

    Key statistics

    Country area447 420km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Land area407 340km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Inland water area40 080km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.9.869millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2019
    Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area154 510km2VLIZ

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statistics

    Updated 2019The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_SE.pdf

    Additional information

    FAO Thematic data bases

    Meetings & News archive


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