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Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2019)

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    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefPrepared: March 2019

    The Syrian Arab Republic has a coastline of 183 km on the Mediterranean Sea. It also has the Euphrates and Orontes rivers and other lesser inland water bodies. The continental shelf on the coast is quite narrow. Inland fisheries take place in 1 370 km2 of the available natural and man-made continental water resources.

    Since the outburst of the civil war in 2011, Syria has not been able to report fishery statistics. Due to the persisting difficult situation in the country, total capture and aquaculture production in 2017 were estimated as significantly reduced at 4 400 tonnes and 2 300 tonnes respectively. In 2010 capture fisheries totalled 6 635 tonnes, of which 55 percent was from inland fisheries and 45 percent from the Mediterranean. In the same year, 8 610 tonnes of aquaculture production were reported. Syria remains dependent on imports to meet the majority of its fish consumption needs. In 2017, imports of fish and fishery products were estimated at USD 33 million and exports at USD 600 000. The average per capita consumption of fish was estimated to be 1.5 kg in 2016.

    Marine capture fisheries is almost entirely small-scale and comprised of an estimated 3 082 vessels in 2017, including vessels licensed to fish within the territorial waters. An industrial-scale fishery is not present. The last available figures for employment totaled 11 075 fishers. Inland fisheries are completely artisanal and mostly operated in the south and southeast inland water sources. Cyprinids comprise the majority of inland fish catch, followed by catfish and mullets.

    Modern aquaculture began in the late 1950s. It is exclusively practiced in freshwaters and is restricted to warm water, consisting mostly of carps and tilapias, while African catfish (Clarias gariepinus), confined to the few warm springs, is gradually increasing to significant production levels. Semi-intensive farming is common in earth ponds, whereas intensive farming in cages is restricted to a few farms in large reservoirs. Capture-based aquaculture is carried out in surface-water retention lakes.
    General geographic and economic indicators

    Key statistics

    Country area185 180km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Land area183 630km2FAOSTAT. Official data, 2013
    Inland water area1 550km2Computed. Calculated, 2013
    Population - Est. & Proj.23.693millionsFAOSTAT. Official data, 2019
    Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) area10 269km2VLIZ

    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statistics

    Updated 2019The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    The narrative part of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country profile is available at /fishery/docs/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_SY.pdf

    Additional information

    Meetings & News archive


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