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Part I Statistics and main indicators

  1. Country brief
  2. General geographic and economic indicators
  3. FAO Fisheries statistics

The Profile (2004)

    Additional information

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    Part I Statistics and main indicators

    Part I of the Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile is compiled using the most up-to-date information available from the FAO Country briefs and Statistics programmes at the time of publication. The Country Brief and the FAO Fisheries Statistics provided in Part I may, however, have been prepared at different times, which would explain any inconsistencies.

    Country briefUpdated 06-2017

    Uganda is a land-locked country but richly endowed with natural water bodies. Fisheries are important both for subsistence and commercial livelihoods. Of the national fisheries, Lake Victoria is by far the largest and economically most significant. Other important water resources include large lakes such as George, Edward, Albert and Kyoga, the River Nile, and a great variety of swamps and streams. The 68 000 km2 of Lake Victoria are shared between Uganda (45 percent), Tanzania (49 percent) and Kenya (6 percent).

    Total capture production has been peaked at 461 200 tonnes in 2014, but decreased by 14 percent in 2015 to reach 396 200 tonnes. During the last decade, catches of Nile perch, the most valued species, continued to decrease and from the peak reached in 2005 (175 000 tonnes), they reached 71 900 tonnes in 2015. In 2011 there were approximately 6 800 vessels of which 97 percent were less than 12 m total length.

    Uganda is the second largest aquaculture producer in Sub-Saharan Africa after Nigeria. Aquaculture production in Uganda increased from just over 800 tonnes (2000) to 117 600 tonnes in 2015. Production was mostly composed of catfishes (51 percent) and Nile tilapia (49 percent).

    It is estimated that 140 377 Ugandans were involved in fisheries and aquaculture sectors employment in 2015, of which 116 213 were engaged in inland waters fishing and 24 434 in fish farming. Large quantities of smoked and sun-dried fish originating from Lake Victoria are traded - legally and illegally into western Uganda and in the Democratic Republic of Congo. In 2015, fish and fishery product exports were valued at USD 118.3 million, with the bulk destined to European countries and with Nile perch, mainly fillets, as the main species exported; 2015 imports were valued at USD 2.5 million.

    The annual per capita consumption of fish was estimated at about 12.5 kg in 2013, higher than the African average of 10.1 kg. Consumers generally prefer fresh fish, but smoking, sun-drying and salting by artisanal processors (many of whom are women) is done to prolong shelf-life. The most popular fish commodity is dried lake sardine (mukene).

    Since November 1990, Uganda is a Party to the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. Uganda is a signatory to the 1995 UN Fish Stocks Agreement since October 1996 but ratification is still pending.
    General geographic and economic indicators

    Table 1 - General Geographic and Economic Data – Republic of Uganda

    Shelf area

    None (country is landlocked)

    Length of continental coastline

    None (country is landlocked)

    Fisheries GDP

    No data available


    Key statistics


    Source: FAO Country Profile

    FAO Fisheries statisticsTable 2 in this section is based on statistics prepared by the FAO Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Unit and disseminated in 2016. The charts are based on the same source but these are automatically updated every year with the most recent statistics.

    Table 2 – Fisheries statistics – Republic of Uganda

    1980 1990 2000 2010 2013 2014 2015
    EMPLOYMENT (thousands) 42.80 43.95 57.51 91.40 137.48 138.44 140.38
    Aquaculture 21.00 23.00 24.16
    Capture 42.80 43.95 57.51 91.40 116.48 115.44 116.21
    Inland 42.80 43.95 57.51 91.40 116.48 115.44 116.21
    FLEET(thousands boats) 40.70
    Source: FAO Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics
    1) Due to roundings total may not sum up

    Please Note:Fishery statistical data here presented exclude the production for marine mammals, crocodiles, corals, sponges, pearls, mother-of-pearl and aquatic plants.


    Updated 2004The Profile

    This country profile provides statistics and indicators produced through FAO’s Statistics programmes, supplemented with information derived from national and other sources and valid at the time of compilation.

    Full text of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profile available at http://www.fao.org/tempref/FI/DOCUMENT/fcp/en/FI_CP_UG.pdf

    Additional information

    Meetings & News archive


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