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  1. Introduction
  2. Mandate
  3. History
  4. Legal framework
  5. Area of competence
  6. Species and stocks coverage
  7. Members
  8. Structure
  9. EIMS Publications Database
  10. Media materials
  11. Contact
Introduction

The North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization (NASCO) is a regional fisheries management organization established under the Convention for the Conservation of Salmon in the North Atlantic Ocean (1982) that entered into force in 1983 and applies to the salmon stocks that migrate beyond areas of fisheries jurisdiction of coastal States of the North Atlantic Ocean throughout their migratory range to conserve, restore, enhance and rationally manage Atlantic salmon through international cooperation, taking account of the best available scientific information, which the organization obtains from the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) based on an MoU in vigour since 2007, and through NASCO working groups and committees. NASCO manages the Atlantic salmon. Pursuant to the convention, fishing is (with two exceptions) prohibited in areas beyond 12 nautical miles of the parties.

Mandate

The North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization (NASCO) enables six Governments and the European Union to co-operate to conserve wild Atlantic salmon. Its objective is to conserve, restore, enhance and rationally manage Atlantic salmon through international co-operation taking account of the best available scientific information. History

Prior to the 1960s, exploitation of salmon in the North Atlantic was at a national level. The subsequent development of fisheries at West Greenland and in the Northern Norwegian Sea meant that rational management could only be achieved through international co-operation.

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), an international treaty, was adopted and signed in 1982. Article 66 concerns the management of anadromous fish, such as the Atlantic salmon. It states (among other things):

  • in cases where anadromous stocks migrate into or through the waters landward of the outer limits of the exclusive economic zone of a State other than the State of origin, such State shall cooperate with the State of origin with regard to the conservation and management of such stocks.
  • the State of origin of anadromous stocks and other States fishing these stocks shall make arrangements for the implementation of the provisions of this article, where appropriate, through regional organizations.

The Convention for the Conservation of Salmon in the North Atlantic Ocean entered into force on 1 October 1983 and created an inter-governmental organization, the North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization (NASCO).

The Convention created a large protected zone, free of targeted fisheries for Atlantic salmon in most areas beyond 12 nautical miles from the coast. One immediate effect was the cessation of the salmon fishery in the Northern Norwegian Sea which at its peak in 1970 harvested almost 1,000 tonnes of salmon.

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, NASCO acted through diplomatic initiatives to address fishing for salmon in international waters by vessels registered to non-NASCO Parties. There have been no reports of such activities since.

While NASCO's initial focus was on developing management measures for the distant-water fisheries at West Greenland and the Faroe Islands, it is widely accepted that conservation and restoration of salmon stocks cannot be achieved by these measures alone.

NASCO has broadened its base and now addresses a wide range of issues including management of salmon fisheries by States of Origin, habitat protection and restoration and aquaculture and related activities. Resolutions, Agreements and Guidelines have been developed on each of these topic areas.

Legal framework Area of competenceAtlantic Ocean north of 36°N, throughout the species' migratory range.
NASCO area of competence - High seas, National waters
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries. Dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement.
Species and stocks coverageAtlantic salmon (Salmo salar) - the Convention applies to salmon stocks which migrate beyond areas of fisheries’ jurisdiction of coastal States of the North Atlantic. Languages

English and French.

Members

Member: Parties to the Convention: Canada, Denmark, European Union, Norway, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, United States of AmericaIceland withdrew from NASCO in 2009.Observers:, France.(in respect of St. Pierre and Miquelon), accredited NGOs.

Structure Council: is the governing body of the Organization. It provides a forum for the study, analysis and exchange of information, consultation and co-operation among the Parties; facilitates the co-ordination of the activities of the Commissions and the initiatives of the Parties; establishes working arrangements with the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea and other appropriate organizations; makes recommendations to the Parties; supervises and co-ordinate the administrative, financial and other internal affairs of the Organization; co-ordinates the external relations of the Organization, among other functions. Regional Commissions (3):
  • North American Commission: provides a forum for consultation and cooperation among the members on matters related to minimizing catches, propose regulatory measures and make recommendations on scientific research.

  • West Greenland Commission: provides a forum for consultation and co-operation among the members concerning the conservation, restoration, enhancement and rational management of salmon stocks subject to the Convention; proposes regulatory measures for fishing; and makes recommendations to the Council concerning scientific research.

  • North-East Atlantic Commission: provides a forum for consultation and co-operation among the members concerning the conservation, restoration, enhancement and rational management of salmon stocks subject to the Convention; proposes regulatory measures for fishing; and makes recommendations to the Council concerning scientific research.

Finance and Administration Committee (FAC): deals with the administrative and financial matters of the Organization.

International Atlantic Salmon Research Board (the Board): provides advise on scientific research to the Council and Commissions.

Secretariat: assists Members to implement the Convention. It is headed by the Secretary which is the chief administrative officer of the Organization.

EIMS Publications Database Media materials Web sources

Contact

North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization

Emma Hatfield (NASCO Secretary)

11 Rutland Square, Edinburgh,EH1 2AS,United Kingdom

Telephone: +44 (0)131 228 2551

Email: [email protected]

 
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