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Mullus barbatus:   (click for more)

Mullus barbatus:   (click for more)

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  • Mullus ruber  Lacepède, 1801: 385.
    FAO Names
    En - Red mullet, Fr - Rouget de vase, Sp - Salmonete de fango.
    3Alpha Code: MUT     Taxonomic Code: 1704100702
    Diagnostic Features
    Body moderately compressed. A pair of stout barbels under chin, their length smaller than that of pectoral fins; opercle without spine; snout short and very steep; maxilla reaching, at least in adults, beyond anterior eye margin;  small villiform teeth in lower jaw; upper jaw toothless (see remarks); teeth also present on roof of mouth (vomer and palatines).  First dorsal fin with 8 spines, the first minute; second dorsal fin with I + 8 soft rays;  31 to 35 scales in lateral line.  Colour rosy, no markings on fins. 
    Geographical Distribution
    In the eastern Atlantic, along the European and African coasts from British Isles (occasionally Scandinavia) to Dakar, the Azores, the Canaries; also Mediterranean Sea.
    Habitat and Biology
    Benthic species on muddy bottoms of the continental shelfbetween 5 and 300 m.Also found on gravels and sandy bottoms.Gregarious fish.Feeds on benthic invertebrates (crustaceans, worms, molluscs).
    Reproduction in April to August at depths between 10 and 55 m on sandy or muddy bottoms. 
    To 30 cm standard length; common 10-20 cm.
    Interest to Fisheries
    Caught mainly with gillnets, trammel nets and bottoms trawls. The total catch reported for this species to FAO for 1999 was 5 290 t. The countries with the largest catches were Turkey (3 865 t) and Tunisia (1 250 t).
    Marketed fresh or frozen; the flesh is highly esteemed.
    Local Names
    Arabic : Barbouni el hagar ,  Mlal elkhaz ,  Rougi ,  Trília .
    Catalan : Moll ,  Moll cranquer ,  Moll de fang ,  Moll fanger ,  Roger de fang ,  Rogeret .
    English : Bluntsnouted mullet ,  Red mullet ,  Striped goatfish ,  Striped mullet .
    French : Rouget ,  Rouget barbet ,  Rouget de vase .
    German : Meerbarbe .
    Greek : Koutsomoura .
    Hebrew : Mulit addumma .
    Italian : Triglia di fango .
    Maltese : Trilja tal-hama .
    Portuguese : Salmonete da vasa .
    Serbo-Croat : Trlja od blata .
    Spanish : Salmonete ,  Salmonete de fango .
    Turkish : Barbunya .
    The genus Mullus is usually described as lacking teeth in the premaxilla. Contrary to generic descriptions (based on adult specimens), the juveniles of M. barbatus and M. surmuletus have teeth in the premaxilla; however, the teeth are not visible in specimens >50 mm total length, because they are covered by lip tissue. The number of teeth decrease with juvenile growth and disappears after 100 mm total length is attained (Aguirre, 1997).
    Fischer, W.; G. Bianchi; W. B. Scott (eds.). - 1981Fiches FAO d'identification des espèces pour les besoins de la pêche. Atlantique centre-est; zones de pêche 34, 47 (en partie). Canada Fonds de Dépôt. Ottawa, Ministère des Pêcheries et Océans Canada, en accord avec l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'Alimentation et l'Agriculture, Vol. 1-7: pag. var.
    Aguirre, H. - 1997Presence of dentition in the premaxilla of juvenile Mullus barbatus and M. surmuletus . Journal of Fish Biology, 51: 1186-1191.
    Alegre, M., J. Lleonart & J. Veny. - 1992 Espècies Pesqueres d'interès comercial. Nomenclatura oficial catalana. Generalitat de Catalunya. Departament de Cultura, DARP, TERMCAT. 64 pp. Base de datos ICTIMED (WWW Work: D. Lloris & Justino Martínez).
    Ben-Tuvia, A. - 1990 Mullidae. In: J.C. Quero et al., (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). Unesco, Portugal, vol. II: 827-829.
    Bini, G.- 1965Catálogo de los nombres de peces, moluscos y crustáceos de importancia comercial en el Mediterráneo. FAO, Rome: i-xv + 407 pp.
    Djabali, F., B. Brahmi & M. Mammasse. - 1993Poissons des cotes Algeriennes. Bulletin de l'Institut des Sciences de la Mer et de l'Aménagement du littoral. 215 pp.
    Hureau, J.-C. - 1986 Mullidae. In: P.J.P. Whitehead et al., (eds.). Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean (FNAM). Unesco, Paris, vol. II: 877-882.
    Lloris, D. & J. Rucabado. - 1998Guide FAO d'Identification des espèces pour les besoins de la pêche. Guide d'Identification des Ressources Marines Vivantes du Maroc. Rome, FAO: 263 pp.
    Lloris, D., J. Rucabado, LL del cerro, F. Portas, M. Demestre & A. Roig. - 1984Tots els peixos del mar Català. I: Llistat de Cites i de referències. Treballs Soc. Cat. Ict. Herp., 1: 1-208.
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