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This project became one of several broad, encompassing EAF projects by undertaken by FAO globally. During the assessment of ecosystem issues within the Project, a number of the important issues which emerged highlighted the need to encompass the human dimension through participatory processes, co-management and capacity building activities to ensure fishers are seen as integral actors in the ecosystem.

This project also reflects the emergence of a general recognition that conventional (target-species oriented) fisheries management has not been adequate for conservation of ecosystems as a whole. However it is also recognized that many conventional management practices are consistent with and form a part of an ecosystem approach.
The project evaluated the management issues confronting fishers and managers in the participating countries by adopting a consultative process involving a range of stakeholders including fishers, Fisheries officials, other government officials and other interested parties. Each national consultation constructed a set of issues relevant in their country using a generic component tree approach.

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