Food and Agriculture Statistics

Government expenditures in agriculture 2001–2020. Global and regional trends

Since 2012, FAO collects Government Expenditure on Agriculture (GEA) data through a questionnaire sent annually in May to more than 190 countries. The questionnaire was jointly developed with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), using the Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG).

The last update refers to the period 2001-2020. The latest analytical briefs presents the latest available data and trends on Government Expenditure in Agriculture.  

The total government expenditures recorded an all-time high in 2020 driven by the COVID-19 pandemic response. While governments employed a mixture of policy and fiscal measures to cushion the impacts of the pandemic (IMF, 2021), with considerable variations in the agriculture sector, the overall share of agriculture spending continued to fall in most countries. Between 2010 and 2020, the global share of agriculture in government expenditure reported by countries showed a steady increase, from 1.73 percent in 2010 to 2.18 percent in 2020.

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FAOSTAT Government Expenditure