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Temperature change statistics 1961–2021. Global, regional and country trends

The FAOSTAT Temperature Change domain disseminates statistics of land surface air temperature change by country, with annual updates. The current dissemination covers the period 1961–2021. Statistics are available for monthly, seasonal and annual mean temperature anomalies, i.e. temperature change with respect to a baseline climatology, corresponding to the period 1951–1980. The standard deviation of the temperature change of the baseline methodology is also available. Data are based on the publicly available GISTEMP data, the Global Surface Temperature Change data distributed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Institute for Space Studies (NASA–GISS) with information from the year 1880 onward. 

Temperature change statistics were available for 197 countries and 41 territories in 2021. Data were also disseminated for regional aggregates and special groups, such as the Annex I and Non-Annex I Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

In 2021, statistics showed significant warming trends worldwide. Nearly 170 countries and territories recorded much warmer than usual mean annual temperatures. The 2021 global mean annual temperature change over land was 1.4 ⁰C, joining 2019 as the third warmest year on record since 1961.

Download FAOSTAT Analytical Brief


To know more:

FAOSTAT Temperature change data 1961-2021 

NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies

2021 FAOSTAT Analytical Brief