Food Coalition

Revised humanitarian response Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Afghanistan

Following the first confirmed COVID-19 cases reported in Benin, the Government put in place a series of urgent measures, including essential health-related movement restrictions in 15 communes in the southern part of the country, preventing anyone from traveling within and outside the area. Although the Government lifted most of the restrictions at the beginning of June, their socio-economic impacts were felt by the population as they exacerbated the prolonged border closure with Nigeria, affecting economic activities with growth projected to decrease by 3.2 percent in 2020. Reduced demand interrupted supply chains and affected economic activity, which may lead to increased job losses, underemployment and losses in revenues.
According to the Government’s Plan to mitigate the effects and impacts of COVID-19 on the agriculture sector and food security and nutrition, the pandemic will generally lead to the deterioration of food security, mainly due to the following:

• The livelihoods and purchasing power of actors in the agricultural value chains are affected by higher prices for certain products, including agricultural inputs, as well as the drop in prices of exported products – about 69 percent of exporting companies strongly affected by the pandemic.

• Poor access to agricultural support, inputs, labour and raw materials as a result of the national and international essential measures put in place may lead to a drop in overall productivity.

Moreover, small trade and informal exchanges will experience decreased transactions and related incomes. According to the World Bank (April 2020), local agri-food supply chains are already experiencing disruptions, including reduced access to inputs, services, transport and credit are significantly affecting the food security situation in importing countries such as Benin (importing rice [45.8 percent], fish [56 percent] and vegetables).

Priority Areas of work: Global Humanitarian Response Plan
SDG: 1. No Poverty, 2. Zero Hunger, 5. Gender Equality, 16. Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
Level: Country
Region:
Country: Afghanistan
Budget: USD 5 million

Action Sheet:  Afg_CB0199EN.pdf

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