Food Coalition

Revised humanitarian response Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) - Burkina Faso

Faced by an unprecedented humanitarian crisis, the situation in Burkina Faso continues to deteriorate at an alarming pace, with massive population displacements due to increasing insecurity, and high levels of food insecurity and malnutrition. Limited rainfall in 2019 resulted in significant fodder shortages and an overall reduction in cereal production, and may lead to an early and extended lean season. Difficult field access, the destruction of production infrastructure, livestock loss and looting, as well as the intensification of inter-community conflict have hindered market functioning and eroded livelihoods. In certain areas, competition for natural resources between farmers and herders, and between host and displaced families is exacerbated by high population concentration, affecting social cohesion and the sustainability of these resources.

In a context of rising insecurity and the subsequent increase of humanitarian needs, COVID-19 is contributing to the deterioration of the food security situation, affecting households’ sources of income, livelihoods and purchasing power. Border closures, disruptions of supply chains and markets, and food price hikes are preventing farmers and pastoralists from accessing basic food items and selling their products. Income reduction and the decrease in agropastoral production resulting from limited employment opportunities, and reduced access to fields for planting and inputs are severely disrupting livelihood activities.

The impact of the pandemic on the economic conditions of the country, which is already affected by ongoing insecurity and humanitarian challenges, is estimated to translate into a 2-percent national economic growth compared with 6.3 percent anticipated prior to COVID-19, with cash crop farming (cowpea and groundnut) and subsistence farming particularly hard hit.

The effects of the pandemic and urgent and essential healthrelated movement restrictions and containment measures put in place by the Government have had an additional impact on existing vulnerabilities, particularly for IDPs, host communities, urban and peri-urban households, subsistence farmers, small-scale producers, transhumant herders and vulnerable pastoralists, who have been affected by mobility disruptions and poor access to resources and inputs.

Priority Areas of work: Global Humanitarian Response Plan
SDG: 1. No Poverty, 2. Zero Hunger, 5. Gender Equality, 16. Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
Level: Country
Country: Burkina Faso
Budget: USD 40 million

Action Sheet:  BF_CB0182EN.pdf

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