Food Coalition

Revised humanitarian response Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) - Chad

In Chad, recurrent climatic shocks and conflict are exacerbating people’s food insecurity, particularly in the Lake Chad Basin, where there are nearly 300 000 displaced people. In addition, the country hosts a large number of refugees from the Central African Republic and the Sudan. Despite good cereal production from the 2019/20 agricultural season, a 42-percent fodder deficit was registered in the Sahel region, significantly affecting feed availability for pastoralists’ during the dry season. Furthermore, drought, irregular rainfall and increased insecurity are preventing herders from access grazing land. Livestock mortality rates have also been increasing during this year’s pastoral lean season.

Following confirmed COVID-19 cases, the Government put in place a series of urgent and essential health-related mitigation measures, including the lockdown of all the main cities, movement restrictions and border closures. These are indirectly affecting the supply chain, limiting imports and disrupting markets, which is adding pressure on conflict-affected areas Lake Chad Basin and Tibesti – where 40 percent of the population is experiencing difficulties in accessing markets. In addition, the prices of millet – one of Chad’s most important subsistence crops – has sharply increased, by 37 percent between April 2019 and April 2020.

Although a late start of the rainy season was observed in May, rainfall is predicted to be above average, especially in the Lake Chad region. However, the effects of the essential containment  measures may have significantly disrupted the preparation of the agricultural season. Households’ incomes have also decreased due to the lack of work opportunities and a significant reduction of remittances. Moreover, following the pastoral and crop lean seasons, the number of households affected by inadequate food consumption have strongly increased since the beginning of the crisis – from 1.3 to 2.5 million people (World Food Programme [WFP], June 2020), especially in the Sahel regions. Agropastoral livelihoods have also been significantly disrupted, leading to the decrease of prices of livestock due to market-gathering restrictions, which is further increasing households’ vulnerabilities, already affected by a seasonal reductions in food access.

Priority Areas of work: Global Humanitarian Response Plan
SDG: 1. No Poverty, 2. Zero Hunger, 5. Gender Equality, 16. Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
Level: Country
Country: Chad
Budget: USD 44.5 million

Action Sheet:  Chad_CB0191EN.pdf

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