Food Coalition

Revised humanitarian response Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) - Mali

On 25 March 2020, the first cases of COVID-19 were reported in Mali, in a context already marked by a security crisis and where the Government had just declared a state of emergency due to the deteriorating food security and nutrition situation. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, agricultural production in the country was affected by increased conflict caused by armed groups and inter-community clashes, in the northern and central regions. During the 2017/18 and 2018/19 agricultural seasons, adverse weather conditions also led to large fodder deficits in the Sahelian strip, thus increasing the pressure on fodder resources.

Following the first cases of COVID-19 reported in Mali, the Government put in place a series of urgent and essential health-related containment measures, including border closures, a curfew for two weeks, no gatherings of more than 50 people and closed all schools. While market activity and movement of goods have not been restricted, logistical constraints and delays have accumulated. For many rural households, the pandemic and related necessary restrictions took place during a key period (April–June) with the harvesting of irrigated rice, the preparation of fields and the return of transhumant herders.

More specifically, the government measures while essential to curtail the spread of the virus, have impacted the following:

(i) seasonal migration; (ii) the availability of agricultural labour;

(iii) access to pastoral resources; (iv) access to agricultural inputs; and (v) disrupted households’ livelihoods. In addition, the country’s GDP growth is expected to decrease from 5 to 0.9 percent, and the slowdown in the domestic economy is affecting trading activities and leading to a reduction in imports and exports. The loss of temporary jobs by the Malian diaspora has resulted in an abrupt halt in remittances, thereby decreasing incomes and households’ purchasing power.

Priority Areas of work: Global Humanitarian Response Plan
SDG: 1. No Poverty, 2. Zero Hunger, 5. Gender Equality, 16. Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
Level: Country
Country: Mali
Budget: USD 29.4 million

Action Sheet:  Mali_CB0178EN.pdf

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