Food Coalition

Humanitarian response Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) - Togo

Following the first confirmed COVID-19 cases in Togo in March 2020, the Government put in place a series of urgent and essential containment measures, to slow the spread of the virus, such as the closure of all land borders. In mid-June, the Government started easing these measures, including the lifting of the curfew, and reopening cities and schools. In June 2020, the impact of containment measures on market functionality and food availability was limited, and most agropastoral markets remained accessible.

While the COVID-19 pandemic has had relatively limited effects on crop production, market prices and food availability, the livestock sector, labour market and incomes have been more significantly affected by the essential health-related containment measures and subsequent economic slowdown.

The restriction of movements between cities until June 2020 adversely affected the availability of agricultural labour as young people from the north who usually move south between April and June could not travel, which in turn affected planting. While cereal prices in local markets have not increased significantly for the moment compared with the past five years, there is a risk that they will in the coming months. In addition, agrifood companies have been severely affected by the lack of supply of raw materials and limited sales. Some companies have had to stop production and lay off their employees, with a significant drop in households’ purchasing power.

The restrictions have disrupted pastoralists’ movements, leading to tensions around water points. Although animal prices have FAO remained stable for the moment since the onset of the pandemic, the scarcity of animals was observed in various markets.

Due to the closure of schools, more than 91 000 students in 315 public primary schools have not had access to daily meals for several months – an important source of nutritious food – which may lead to increased levels of malnutrition.

Togo currently hosts refugees including in camps, preventing adequate physical distancing. In addition to the lack of proper shelters and water, sanitation and hygiene infrastructure, this increases the risk of disease spread. Furthermore, a significant number of refugees, both in rural and urban areas, already suffer from chronic diseases and conditions recognized as risk factors in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Also at risk are people living with chronic conditions, as well as other vulnerable population groups, including migrants, pregnant women, the elderly and people living with disabilities.

The latest Cadre Harmonisé analysis (March 2020), which covered 37 prefectures in the country, indicates that for the period of JuneAugust 2020 over 485 500 people are estimated to be under pressure (Phase 2) and 4 673 in crisis (Phase 3). Most of these areas are also affected by floods and the upcoming rainy season might worsen the situation. In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, the food security situation is likely to worsen with increased numbers of people in acute food insecurity at crisis or worse levels (Phase 3+).

Priority Areas of work: Global Humanitarian Response Plan
SDG: 1. No Poverty, 2. Zero Hunger, 5. Gender Equality, 16. Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
Level: Country
Country: Togo
Budget: USD 2 million

Action Sheet:  Togo_CB0193EN.pdf

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