Food Coalition

One Health regional platform - Regional One Health approach towards preventing the next zoonotic pandemic in Latin America and the Caribbean

Recently, the COVID19 pandemic has shown that zoonoses can reach any country or region in the planet in a relatively short period of time and without discriminating between rural and urban areas. Resilience of food systems in a post-COVID-19 world will be increased by strengthening existing regional and national preparedness and response for achieving adequate governance of the One Health approach, consolidating intersectoral and inter-programmatic efforts to mitigate health risks that may arise out of the human-animal-environment interaction. In this context, agricultural health and food safety continue to be the main priorities in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) and represent a fundamental pillar to alleviate food insecurity for the most vulnerable populations. Based on the One Health approach, a regional platform for animal health and phytosanitary assistance (including food safety) for the 33 countries of the LAC region is one of the expected results of the Regional Office for the next five years (2020-2025). The implementation of this multidisciplinary platform will be achieved through the integration of international, regional and sub regional organizations.

The regional program will focus on improving national and international emergency preparedness and response, as well as incorporating a unique health approach within environmental and natural resource agencies. The regional creation of a One Health platform will broaden the spectrum of actions in the field of emerging and reemerging transboundary diseases of animals (particularly those of zoonotic nature) and the control of antimicrobial resistance from the food and agriculture sectors. The integration of stakeholders focused on phytosanitary activities (pests and plant diseases), together with food safety management in the processing, distribution, retail and consumption, is also envisaged, achieving a comprehensive One Health strategy. Actions will be grouped by subregion; Caribbean, Central America and South America, for reliable coordination between national authorities and regional organizations.

In July 2020, during a meeting organized by the FAO and the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA)1, the Ministers and Secretaries of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries, Food and Rural Development of the Americas, reaffirmed their willingness to take action at the national and regional levels to support the food security and nutrition of our populations, which have been put at risk by the COVID-19 pandemic. To this end, they have decided to undertake clear actions, which include:

- Strengthen the production of food and agricultural, forestry, fishery and aquaculture products in LAC countries, recognizing the strategic role that the agrifood sector will play in reactivating economies and providing opportunities for progress;

Priority Areas of work: One Health Approach - Preventing the next Zoonotic Pandemic
SDG: 1. No Poverty, 2. Zero Hunger, 3. Good Health and Well-being, 12. Responsible Consumption and Production, 17. Partnerships to achieve the Goal
Level: Regional
Region: Latin America and the Caribbean
Country: Barbados, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Mexico
Budget: USD 20 million

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