Inocuidad y calidad de los alimentos

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Tropane alkaloids are a group of toxic compounds occurring in several plant families of the Solanaceae family, like Datura stramonium, that can contaminate staples like cereals and grains. The Joint FAO/WHO Expert Meeting on Tropane Alkaloids carried out a risk assessment of these contaminants in certain food products distributed by the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) and provided guidance for the development of appropriate operational limits. This document builds on the deliberations from the expert meeting and provides specific guidance on the physical contamination of D. stramonium seeds in different agricultural products, namely wheat, soybean, and maize. This guidance document can be used in conjunction with the 'Report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Meeting on Tropane Alkaloids' to prevent...
2020
Foodborne parasitic diseases are often neglected in various food safety control systems, even though they can create severe human health problems. Because the production and monetary losses associated with them are often not visible, and the infected animals often show no signs, they are very difficult to detect. Different types of parasitic diseases can be transmitted to humans from pork, fish, freshwater crustaceans, vegetables, eggs of tapeworms, and protozoa. The risks associated with all of them can, however, be avoided through the application of good hygiene, good farming and fishing practices, and the promotion of community awareness. For example, the promotion of a participatory approach and the development of training packages for food business operators would be beneficial in raising...
2020
A meeting of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) was held on a virtual online platform from 26 October – 6 November 2020, with an additional day for approval of the report on 24 November 2020. The purpose of the meeting was to evaluate the acceptability of certain substances as previous cargoes and the safety of certain food contaminants. The present meeting was the 90th in a series of similar meetings.
2020
Technical consultation meetings on developing a communication toolkit about food biotechnologies were convened in 2020. At the first of the meetings, held on 11 and 12 June 2020, experts presented communications good practices and lessons learned from efforts to communicate information related to food biotechnologies to the general public at national and regional levels. The points raised were to be included in the toolkit as elements of effective communication from the design phase of the communication strategy to producing and disseminating communication products, as well as evaluating the communication efforts.
2020
Between March and April 2019, many cases of suspected food poisoning were reported by health care workers in the Karamoja region of the Republic of Uganda. Consumption of food products that had high levels of tropane alkaloids was identified as the cause. This group of compounds occur in several plant genera that belong to the Solanaceae family and can contaminate staples like cereals and grains. Given the absence of international guidance and regulations, a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Meeting on Tropane Alkaloids was convened remotely between 30 March – 3 April 2020. This publication captures the discussions of the expert meeting and provides risks assessments of tropane alkaloids (hyoscyamine and scopolamine) as well as recommendations outlining appropriate risk management options.
2020
Human trichinellosis is caused by the consumption of raw or inadequately treated meat from domestic or game animals containing the larvae of parasites of the Trichinella species. Taenia saginata causes bovine cysticercosis, a parasitic disease of cattle, by the larval stage (Cysticercus bovis) of the human tapeworm Taenia saginata. Taeniosis, infection of humans with the adult tapeworm, ocurrs following consumption of beef with cysticerci that has not been sufficiently heated or frozen to kill the parasite. This report provides the spreadsheet models resulted in effective generation of the quantitative information needed by public health officials when evaluating different postmortem meat hygiene programmes for Trichinella spp. and Taenia saginata in meat. The models enable the development of science-based risk scenarios to assess the...
2020
This white paper aims to provide Northern and Southern Development partners and decision-makers with a better understanding of a) why spillover of disease from wildlife to humans occurs, and why these zoonotic disease outbreaks can spread and become epidemics and pandemics such as COVID-19 and b) what they can do to prevent, detect and respond to future spillover events, with a special focus on priority interventions at the human-wildlife-livestock interfaces. It has been produced as part of the Sustainable Wildlife Management (SWM) Programme, which will deliver critical lessons on how to prevent, detect and respond to future spillover events with appropriate national and transboundary policies and practices in the context of the SWM partner sites. The SWM Programme is a major...
2020
There has been an increase in reported outbreaks and cases of foodborne disease attributed to pathogenic Vibrio species. As a result, there have been several instances where the presence of pathogenic Vibrio spp. in seafood has led to a disruption in international trade. A number of Vibrio spp. are increasingly being recognized as potential human pathogens. The food safety concerns associated with these microorganisms have led to the need for microbiological risk assessment for their control. This report provides the review of risk assessment of existing tools for V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus in oysters and different bivalve molluscan species, the available information on testing methodology and recommend microbiological methods to monitor the levels of pathogenic Vibrio spp. in seafood and/or...
2020
The objective of this guidance is to provide direction to decision-makers on how to start ranking the public health risk posed by foodborne hazards and/or foods in their countries. The primary focus...
2020