Food safety and quality
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OECD Unique Identifier Commodity Traits Latest entry uploaded on
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Focal Point Information

Organization/agency name (Full name):
National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority
Contact person name:
Felix Nicolescu
Physical full address:
Piata Presei Libere no. 1, Building D1, Bucharest, Romania
Phone number:
Fax number:
Country introduction

Romania is a European Union Member, applying the EU legislation in the field of GMOs.

Regulatory framework:
My country has a regulatory framework that requires the competent authority to conduct safety assessment of GM food.
Structure for GM food safety assessment:
My country has competent authority, agency, organization, ministry, department, committee, commission or a system/mechanism that is tasked to conduct or review GM food safety assessment.
Supplemental information:

The basis of the Regulatory framework of Romania in the field of GM food&feed is represented by EU Regulation 1829/2003 and EU Regulation 1830/2003. The principles stated by this legislation is represented by - Authorisation (all GM food&feed needs to be authorised - involving a risk assesment), Taceability, Labelling and Monitoring (all authorised GM food&feed needs to be labelled, monitored and traceability ensured).

Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:

National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority

Bucharest, Romania, Piata Presei Libere no. 1

GM food safety assessment guidelines:
My country follows the relevant Codex Guidelines or national/regional guidelines that are in line with the Codex Guidelines in conducting safety assessment of GM food.
Conduct of GM food safety assessment:
My country regularly conducts food safety assessment of GM food.
Supplemental information on the implementation:
Stacked events
Regulation of stacked events:
There is no regulations in my country on stacked events.
Supplemental information on the stacked events:

The combination of two or more modifications within one plant is called a stack. Such a plant does not represent a new genetic modification. The plant contains several existing genetic modifications that have been combined through conventional breeding techniques. The aim is to benefit from the combination in one single plant of several properties created by the individual genetic modifications, such as insect resistance and herbicide tolerance.

In the international context, the European Union applies some of the most rigorous standards in the world when assessing the safety of plants containing multiple genetic modifications.

EFSA adopted its first opinion on a GM plant containing stacked properties in June 2005. As of August 2016, EFSA has adopted 28 opinions involving stacks. While most initial applications involved lower stacks with two or three genetic modifications, EFSA now assesses the safety also of higher stacks with four, five or six modifications combined in one plant.


Production and trade
GM food/feed production:
My country produces GM food or feed for commercial and research purposes.
GM food/feed imports:
My country allows imports GM food or feed upon authorization.
Supplemental information on the production and trade:

Untill 2006 Romania was a big producer/grower of GM soybean (MON 40-3-2). Currently (2020) no GMO is grown for commercial purposes in Romania. Romania imports authorised GMOs to be used mainly as raw material for feed.

LLP/AP incidents
LLP/AP incidents:
My country has faced LLP/AP situations in the last 10 years.
Supplemental information on the LLP/AP incidents:
Labelling requirement
Labelling requirement:
My country has a mandatory and positive labeling regulation on GM food (i.e., It contains GMO).
Supplemental information on the Labelling requirement:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment
Other relevant documents:
Country information last modified: