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Online Edition: "Specifications for Flavourings"

Flavouring Diethyl malonate
Synonym(s) Ethyl malonate;Ethyl methanedicarboxylate;Malonic ester;Ethyl propanedioate
Latest JECFA evaluation 2002 (Session 59)
Status of specification Full
Chemical name Diethyl propanedioate
JECFA number 614
CAS number 105-53-3
FEMA number 2375
COE number 2106
FLAVIS number
Molecular weight 160.17
Chemical formula C7H12O4
Physical form/odour colourless liquid with slightly fruity odour
Solubility soluble in most fixed oils and propylene glycol; slightly soluble in alcohol and water; insoluble in glycine and mineral oil
Solubility in ethanol 1 mL in 1.5 mL 60% alcohol
Boiling point (°C) 199-200°
Assay min % 97%
Acid value max 1
Refractive index 1.412-1.416
Specific gravity 1.053-1.056
Other requirements
ID Test IR