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Online Edition: "Specifications for Flavourings"

Flavouring Piperazine
Synonym(s) Pyrazine hexahydride;Diethylenediamine;Hexahydropyrazine;1,4-Diazacyclohexane
Latest JECFA evaluation 2005 (Session 65)
Status of specification Full
Chemical name Piperazine
JECFA number 1615
CAS number 110-85-0
FEMA number 4250
COE number
FLAVIS number 14.141
Molecular weight 86.14
Chemical formula C4H10N2
Physical form/odour Colourless to yellow solid; Salty taste
Solubility Soluble in water
Solubility in ethanol Soluble
Boiling point (°C)
Assay min % 95%
Acid value max
Refractive index
Specific gravity
Other requirements mp: 109°
ID Test MS