Food safety and quality
| share

Online Edition: "Specifications for Flavourings"

Flavouring 4-Hydroxy-2,3-dimethyl-2,4-nonadienoic acid gamma-lactone
Synonym(s) 5-Pentylidene-3,4-dimethyl-2,5-dihydrofuran-2-one;Bovolide
Latest JECFA evaluation 2020 (Session 89)
Status of specification Full
Chemical name 3,4-dimethyl-5-pentylidenefuran-2(5H)-one
JECFA number 2002
CAS number 774-64-1
FEMA number 4050
COE number 11873
FLAVIS number 10.042
Molecular weight 180.24
Chemical formula C11H16O2
Physical form/odour Clear and colourless liquid; Spicy-herbal to mint-like aroma
Solubility Soluble in non-polar solvents; insoluble in water
Solubility in ethanol Soluble
Boiling point (°C) 302-304°
Assay min % 93%
Acid value max
Refractive index 1.560-1.575
Specific gravity 0.950-1.000 (20°)
Other requirements SC: 2-3% 3,4-Dimethylfuran-2,5-dione