Link to pdf version 


II. The road to Copenhagen
III. Events & meetings
IV. Research Articles
V. New Publications and other media
VI. Jobs
VII. Announcements
CLIM-FO Information



Oct. 13. 2009

A Tree's Response To Environmental Changes: What Can We Expect Over The Next 100 Years?

The many environmental issues facing our society are prevalent in the media lately. Global warming, rainforest devastation, and endangered species have taken center stage. Predicting how each component of this complex system will respond to the many environmental changes sweeping the globe is a challenging problem today's scientists face.


Oct. 11. 2009

Old Issues Threaten REDD in End Game

Two weeks of climate talks seemed to yield real progress in Bangkok on how to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation – but negotiations bogged down in old rifts over social, environmental, and governance safeguards.


Oct. 9. 2009

Climate talks stumble in Bangkok

The latest round of global climate talks closed in Bangkok on Friday with little concrete progress on the big issues and renewed strife over fundamental legal questions about how to structure an agreement.


Oct. 9. 2009

Redd comes with risks but there is no other choice than to try

This week, the Guardian warned that a UN scheme to reward developing countries for protecting their forests in the name of carbon reductions – known as Redd (Reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation) – could be "a recipe for corruption and will be hijacked by organised crime without safeguards".


Oct. 8. 2009

U.S. companies may look abroad to fight global warming

U.S. companies could save tens of billions of dollars by investing in efforts to combat deforestation in developing nations instead of cleaning up their own domestic carbon dioxide emissions, according to a report released Wednesday.


Oct. 8. 2009

E.U. pushes for logging in forest conservation program

Without safeguards to protect natural forests from conversion to plantations and industrial logging, REDD may fail to deliver promised reductions in emissions, warns a coalition of activist groups.


Oct. 8. 2009

Nitrogen Deposition Limits Climate Change Impacts On Carbon Sequestration

The role of the forests is assumed to increase in the future, as an important buffer of climate change and increasing carbon dioxide concentrations.



Oct. 7. 2009

Uganda registers first forestry project in Africa to reduce global warming emissions

Uganda has become the first country in Africa to undertake a reforestation project that will help reduce global warming emissions under the Kyoto Protocol. The Nile Basin Reforestation Project in Uganda is a ground-breaking project being implemented by Uganda's National Forestry Authority (NFA) in association with local community organizations.



Oct. 5. 2009

UN's forest protection scheme at risk from organised crime, experts warn

A revolutionary UN scheme to cut carbon emissions by paying poorer countries to preserve their forests is a recipe for corruption and will be hijacked by organised crime without safeguards, a Guardian investigation has found.


Oct. 3. 2009

Out of the Forest And Into the Oven

Millions of trees, especially from the developing countries of the South, are being shipped to Europe and burned in giant furnaces to meet "green energy" requirements that are supposed to combat climate change.


Sep.23. 2009

Global campaign has planted 7 billion trees

The campaign to plant seven billion trees has achieved its goal, the United Nations announced. 7.3 billion trees have been planted in 167 countries since the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) launched the initiative in 2006.


Sep.22. 2009

Uncertain future predicted for forests

The composition of some of our nation's forests may be quite different 200 to 400 years from today according to a recent study. The study found that temperature and photosynthetic active radiation were the two most important variables in predicting what forest landscapes may look like in the future. The uncertainties became very high after the year 2200.


Sep. 17. 2009

US$4.38 million UN-REDD Viet Nam Programme launched

Viet Nam, one of nine UN-REDD Programme pilot countries, officially launched its UN-REDD national programme in Ha Noi on 17 September 2009. The Programme will help Viet Nam combat climate change, conserve its rich biodiversity, and reverse land degradation and desertification. As activities unfold, lessons learned in Viet Nam will be most valuable to other pilot countries and the wider international community.

II. The Road to Copenhagen - UNFCCC negotiations

Bangkok, 28 September- 8 October

The Parties to UNFCCC met in Bangkok from 28 September to 8 October for the penultimate negotiating session before the Fifteenth Conference of the Parties takes place in Copenhagen from 7-18 December. A “Copenhagen outcome” in December is expected to define further action under the Convention for all Parties and further commitments of Annex 1 (industrialized) countries under the Kyoto Protocol.  The final negotiation session in the lead up to Copenhagen will take place in Barcelona from 2 to 6 November.


The negotiations in Bangkok took place in two ad hoc working groups: the Ad hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA) and the other on the Further Commitments for Annex 1 Parties under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP). 


The main objective of the Bangkok session was to come closer to agreement on key outstanding issues and to streamline the draft texts and materials from the negotiations in Bonn in June and the informal session in Bonn in August.  Progress was made on various issues (i.a. adaptation; capacity building; technology; and land use, land use change and forestry), but wide divergence of positions persist on issues of mitigation (global ambition for greenhouse gas emission reductions, and aggregate and individual country commitments) and finance (how much, from what sources, and in what form).


The key forestry-related issues under negotiation were: REDD-plus (reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation; and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries) in AWG-LCA; and land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) in AWG-KP.  


The REDD-plus discussions focused on the objective; scope; principles (including safeguards against perverse consequences of mitigation actions); means of implementation (including finance and technology) and measurement, reporting and verification.  Progress was made on several issues, but areas of disagreement included the scope of a REDD-plus instrument and making reference to the rights of indigenous peoples.  Substantial discussion focused on what would constitute “sustainable forest management”; several countries highlighted the need to safeguard against forest conversion, while many highlighted the need to undertake the sustainable exploitation of forests.


Issues in the LULUCF negotiations included: the list of activities for voluntary or mandatory GHG accounting; how to address emissions due to natural disturbances; how to address wetlands; the methodology to use for GHG accounting for forest management; the rules for accounting for carbon in harvested wood products; and implications on LULUCF accounting on emission reductions targets.


"Non-papers" on REDD-plus and LULUCF resulted from the Bangkok negotiations. These will be forwarded to Barcelona for further negotiation.  The URLs are found at:





See also the UNFCCC website and the Earth Negotiations Bulletin’s coverage for more information on the Bangkok session.


The remaining negotiations in the lead up to Copenhagen is Barcelona, 2-6 November.



III. Events & meetings

Dialogue on Forests, Governance and Climate Change

October 22-23, 2009, Washington D.C.

The second Chatham House-RRI Dialogue on Forests, Governance and Climate Change will be held in Washington DC on Thursday 22nd and Friday 23rd October 2009.This meeting will be co-organized with the World Resources Institute (WRI) and will focus on the international implications of the Waxman-Markey bill now working its way through the US Congress, as well as the preliminary steps by the UN-REDD and FCPF to establish REDD Readiness in developing countries to date. More.

XIII World Forestry Congress

October 18-25 2009, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

These meetings serve as a forum for governments, universities, civil society and the private sector to exchange views and experiences and to formulate recommendations to be implemented at the national, regional and global levels. The Congress provides an opportunity to present an overview of the state of forests and forestry in order to discern trends, adapt policies and raise awareness among decision and policy makers, the public and other stakeholders. There will be seven themes, within which there are at least five sessions on deforestation, REDD, and NTFP/PES. More.

21 of October: Forum on forests and climate change

This half-day forum at the World Forestry Congress, entitled “Forestry and climate change – to Copenhagen and beyond”, will focus on issues of forests and climate change adaptation and mitigation and related issues under discussion in the UNFCCC negotiations on the post-2012 climate change regime. The forum aims to produce a recommendation of a technical nature to be presented at the UNFCCC COP15 in Copenhagen in December. More.

The Fourth International Conference on "Impacts of Climate Change on Natural Resources"

November 10-11, 200,9 Egypt.

The Egyptian Society for Environmental Sciences (ESES) hostes the fourth international conference on "Impacts of Climate Change on Natural Resources" that will take place in Ismailia, Egypt on November 10-11, 2009. Deadline for registration will be on September 1st, 2009 Deadline for Abstract submission September 20th, 2009 Deadline for Full text submission October 10th, 2009. More.


Forest Day 3

December 13, 2009

Forest Day 3 will take place alongside the 15th Conference of the Parties of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and will be hosted by the Collaborative Partnership on Forests under the leadership of CIFOR and the Government of Denmark. It will build on the success of Forest Days 1 and 2 at the UNFCCC Bali and Poznan COP's respectively, which helped to position forests on the global agenda for climate change. It will bring together stakeholders from the forest and climate change communities to look beyond Copenhagen at the issues related to implementation of the Copenhagen outcomes. More.

IV. Research Articles

Forest carbon sequestration changes in response to timber harvest

Sarah C. Davisa, Amy E. Hesslb, Carrie J. Scottb, Mary Beth Adamsc and Richard B. Thomasa

Forest Ecology and Management Volume 258, Issue 9, 10 October 2009, Pages 2101-2109

Forest succession contributes to the global terrestrial carbon (C) sink, but  changes  in C sequestration in response to varied harvest intensities have been debated. The forests  of the Central Appalachian region have been aggrading over the past 100 years following widespread clear-cutting that occurred in the early 1900s and these  forests  are now valuable timberlands. This study compared the history of ecosystem C storage in four watersheds that have been harvested at different frequencies and intensities since 1958. We compared NPP, NEP, and component ecosystem C fluxes (g C m−2 year−1) in response to the four different harvest histories (no harvest, clear-cutting, single tree selection cutting, and 43 cm diameter-limit cutting). Clear-cutting had short-term negative effects on NEP but harvest did not significantly impact long-term average annual C sequestration rates. Average plant C (g C m−2) since 1950 was about 33% lower in response to a clear-cut event than plant C in an un-harvested  forest,  suggesting that the C sequestration associated with clear-cutting practices would decline over time and result in lower C storage than diameter-limit cut, selective cut, or un-harvested  forests.  Total C stored over a 55-year period was stimulated 37% with diameter-limit cutting and selective cutting relative to un-harvested  forests.

Regional climate change adaptation strategies for biodiversity conservation in a midcontinental region of North America

Susan Galatowitsch, Lee Frelich, Laura Phillips-Mao

Biological Conservation 142 (2009) 2012–2022

Scenario planning should be an effective tool for developing responses to climate change but will depend on ecological assessments of broad enough scope to support decision-making. Using climate projections from an ensemble of 16 models, we conducted an assessment of a midcontinental area of North America (Minnesota) based on a resistance, resilience, and facilitation framework. We assessed likely impacts and proposed options for eight landscape regions within the planning area. Climate change projections suggest that by 2069, average annual temperatures will increase 3 _C with a slight increase in precipitation (6%). Analogous climate locales currently prevail 400–500 km SSW. Although the effects of climate change may be resisted through intensive management of invasive species, herbivores, and disturbance regimes, conservation practices need to shift to facilitation and resilience. Key resilience actions include providing buffers for small reserves, expanding reserves that lack adequate environmental heterogeneity, prioritizing protection of likely climate refuges, and managing forests for multi-species and multi-aged stands. Modifying restoration practices to rely on seeding (not plants), enlarge seed zones, and include common species from nearby southerly or drier locales is a logical low-risk facilitation strategy. Monitoring ‘‘trailing edge” populations of rare species should be a high conservation priority to support decisionmaking related to assisted colonization. Ecological assessments that consider resistance, resilience, and facilitation actions during scenario planning is a productive first step towards effective climate change planning for biodiversity with broad applicability to many regions of the world.

Biological carbon sinks: transaction costs and governance

Van Kooten, G. Cornelis

Forestry chronicle. 2009 May-June. 85(3) p. 372-376

Activities that remove CO2 from the atmosphere and store it in forest and agricultural ecosystems can generate CO2-offset credits that can thus substitute for CO2 emissions reduction. Are biological CO2-uptake activities competitive with CO2 offsets from reduced fossil fuel use? In this paper, it is argued that transaction costs impose a formidable obstacle to direct substitution of carbon uptake offsets for emissions reduction in trading schemes, and that separate caps should be set for emissions reduction and sink-related activities. While a tax/subsidy scheme is preferred to emissions trading for incorporating biologically generated CO2 offsets, contracts that focus on the activity, and not the amount of carbon sequestered, are most likely to lead to the lowest transaction costs.

Application of structured decision making to an assessment of climate change vulnerabilities and adaptation options for sustainable forest management

Ogden, A. E.; Innes, J. L.

Ecology and Society. 2009. 14: 1, art. 11. 49 ref.

A logical starting point for climate change adaptation in the forest sector is to proactively identify management practices and policies that have a higher likelihood of achieving management objectives across a wide range of potential climate futures. This should be followed by implementation of these options and monitoring their success in achieving management objectives within an adaptive management context. Here, we implement an approach to identify locally appropriate adaptation options by tapping into the experiential knowledge base of local forest practitioners while at the same time, building capacity within this community to implement the results. We engaged 30 forest practitioners who are involved with the implementation of a regional forest management plan in identifying climate change vulnerabilities and evaluating alternative adaptation options. A structured decision-making approach was used to frame the assessment. Practitioners identified 24 adaptation options that they considered important to implement in order to achieve the regional goals and objectives of sustainable forest management in light of climate change.

Modelling long-term impacts of environmental change on mid- and high-latitude European forests and options for adaptive forest management

Pussinen, A.; Nabuurs, G.J.; Wieggers, H.J.J.; Reinds, G.J.; Wamelink, G.W.W.; Kros, J; Mol-Dijkstra, J.P; de Vries, W.

Forest ecology and management. 2009 Sept. 25. 258(8) p. 1806-1813

The process based model SMART-SUMO-WATBAL was applied to 166 intensive monitoring forest plots of mid- and high-latitude Europe to evaluate the effects of expected future changes in carbon dioxide concentration, temperature, precipitation and nitrogen deposition on forest growth (net annual increment). These results were used in the large-scale forest scenario model EFISCEN (European Forest Information SCENario model) to upscale impacts of environmental change and to combine these results with adapted forest management. Because of the few plots available, Mediterranean countries were excluded from analyses. Results are presented for 109millionha in 23 European countries. We predict significant impacts of environmental change on mid- and high-latitude European forests. Under a no climate change scenario, an increased fellings scenario assumed wood demand to increase from 3.8 to 5.3mpd ha/yr between 2000 and 2010, maintaining growing stock volumes at around 170mpd ha. In 2100 it was thus possible to cut 50% more under intensive management than current felling level. Climate change increased this possibility to 90% (from 3.8 to 7.2mpd ha/yr. The growing stock in 2100 increased to 279mpd ha under base felling level and no environmental change, but under environmental change, the rise was up to 381mpd hap in 2100. The average carbon stock of whole tree biomass was 72Mgha carbon in 2005 and it increased to a predicted 104Mgha carbon in 2100 under no environmental change and base fellings. Environmental change enhanced the build up of carbon stocks to up to 143Mgha carbon in 2100. An average 35-40% higher increment is thus foreseen for 2100 compared to a no environmental change scenario (both under base fellings). The largest relative growth rate change is foreseen for the Nordic countries, with up to 75% growth increase. The impact of environmental change on C stock change in trees is as significant as the impact of forest management.

Climatic changes and associated impacts in the Mediterranean resulting from a 2 degrees C global warming

Giannakopoulos, C.; Sager, P. le; Bindi, M.; Moriondo, M.; Kostopoulou, E.; Goodess, C. M.

Global and Planetary Change. 2009. 68: 3, 209-224.

Climatic changes over the Mediterranean basin in 2031-2060, when a 2 degrees C global warming is most likely to occur, are investigated with the HadCM3 global circulation model and their impacts on human activities and natural ecosystem are assessed. Precipitation and surface temperature changes are examined through mean and extreme values analysis, under the A2 and B2 emission scenarios. Confidence in results is obtained via bootstrapping. Over the land areas, the warming is larger than the global average. The rate of warming is found to be around 2 degrees C in spring and winter, while it reaches 4 degrees C in summer. An additional month of summer days is expected, along with 2-4 weeks of tropical nights. Increase in heatwave days and decrease in frost nights are expected to be a month inland. In the northern part of the basin the widespread drop in summer rainfall is partially compensated by a winter precipitation increase. One to 3 weeks of additional dry days lead to a dry season lengthened by a week and shifted toward spring in the south of France and inland Algeria, and autumn elsewhere. In central Mediterranean droughts are extended by a month, starting a week earlier and ending 3 weeks later. The impacts of these climatic changes on human activities such as agriculture, energy, tourism and natural ecosystems (forest fires) are also assessed. Regarding agriculture, crops whose growing cycle occurs mostly in autumn and winter show no changes or even an increase in yield. In contrast, summer crops show a remarkable decrease of yield. This different pattern is attributed to a lengthier drought period during summer and to an increased rainfall in winter and autumn. Regarding forest fire risk, an additional month of risk is expected over a great part of the basin. Energy demand levels are expected to fall significantly during a warmer winter period inland, whereas they seem to substantially increase nearly everywhere during summer. Extremely high summer temperatures in the Mediterranean, coupled with improved climate conditions in northern Europe, may lead to a gradual decrease in summer tourism in the Mediterranean, but an increase in spring and autumn.

Quantifying the response of forest carbon balance to future climate change in Northeastern China: Model validation and prediction

Peng,  C.H. Xiaolu Zhou,, Shuqing Zhao , Xiangping Wang, Biao Zhu, Shilong Piao, and Jingyun Fang. 2009 Global and Planetary Change.66: 179-194


In this study, we report on the validation of process-based forest growth and carbon and nitrogen model of TRIPLEX against observed data, and the use of the model to investigate the potential impacts and interaction of climate change and increasing atmospheric CO2 on forest net primary productivity (NPP) and carbon budgets in northeast of China. The model validation results show that the simulated tree total volume, NPP, total biomass and soil carbon are consistent with observed data across the Northeast of China, demonstrating that the improved TRIPLEX model is able to simulate forest growth and carbon dynamics of the boreal and temperate forest ecosystems at regional scale. The climate change would increase forest NPP and biomass carbon but decrease overall soil carbon under all three climate change scenarios. The combined effects of climate change and CO2 fertilization on the increase of NPP were estimated to be 10–12% for 2030s and 28– 37% in 2090s. The simulated effects of CO2 fertilization significantly offset the soil carbon loss due to climate change alone. Overall, future climate change and increasing atmospheric CO2 would have a significant impact on the forest ecosystems of Northeastern China.


Trade-offs and synergies between carbon storage and livelihood benefits from forest commons

Ashwini Chhatre and Arun Agrawal

PNAS approved September 4, 2009 (received for review July 22, 2009)

Forests provide multiple benefits at local to global scales. These include the global public good of carbon sequestration and local and national level contributions to livelihoods for more than half a billion users. Forest commons are a particularly important class of forests generating these multiple benefits. Institutional arrangements to govern forest commons are believed to substantially influence carbon storage and livelihood contributions, especially when they incorporate local knowledge and decentralized decision making. However, hypothesized relationships between institutional factors and multiple benefits have never been tested on data from multiple countries. By using original data on 80 forest commons in 10 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America, we show that larger forest size and greater rule-making autonomy at the local level are associated with high carbon storage and livelihood benefits; differences in ownership of forest commons are associated with trade-offs between livelihood benefits and carbon storage. We argue that local communities restrict their consumption of forest products when they own forest commons, thereby increasing carbon storage. In showing rule-making autonomy and ownership as distinct and important institutional influences on forest outcomes, our results are directly relevant to international climate change mitigation initiatives such as Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) and avoided deforestation. Transfer of ownership over larger forest commons patches to local communities, coupled with payments for improved carbon storage can contribute to climate change mitigation without adversely affecting local livelihoods.

Dynamics of aboveground carbon stocks in a selectively logged tropical forest

Blanc, L.; Echard, M.; Herault, B.; Bonal, D.; Marcon, E.; Chave, J.; Baraloto, C.

Ecological Applications. 2009. 19: 6, 1397-1404

The expansion of selective logging in tropical forests may be an important source of global carbon emissions. However, the effects of logging practices on the carbon cycle have never been quantified over long periods of time. We followed the fate of more than 60 000 tropical trees over 23 years to assess changes in aboveground carbon stocks in 48 1.56-ha plots in French Guiana that represent a gradient of timber harvest intensities, with and without intensive timber stand improvement (TSI) treatments to stimulate timber tree growth. Conventional selective logging led to emissions equivalent to more than a third of aboveground carbon stocks in plots without TSI (85 Mg C/ha), while plots with TSI lost more than one-half of aboveground carbon stocks (142 Mg C/ha). Within 20 years of logging, plots without TSI sequestered aboveground carbon equivalent to more than 80% of aboveground carbon lost to logging (-70.7 Mg C/ha), and our simulations predicted an equilibrium aboveground carbon balance within 45 years of logging. In contrast, plots with intensive TSI are predicted to require more than 100 years to sequester aboveground carbon lost to emissions. These results indicate that in some tropical forests aboveground carbon storage can be recovered within half a century after conventional logging at moderate harvest intensities.



V. Publications, Reports and other media

Forest Resilience, Biodiversity, and Climate Change


The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has launched a synthesis report on the biodiversity/resilience/stability relationship in forest ecosystems. The report strongly supports the conclusion that the capacity of forests to resist change, or recover following disturbance, is dependent on biodiversity at multiple scales. The findings are relevant for the further implementation of the CBD programme of work on forest biodiversity, as well as for efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD), as the resilience and stability of forest ecosystems are linked to the permanence of carbon stocks. More.

Measuring and Monitoring Terrestrial Carbon as Part of “REDD+” MRV Systems: The State of the Science and Implications for Policy Makers

Terrestrial Carbon Group

This Policy Brief summarises important aspects of key methods, including their maturity, cost, and availability. It also describes how policy choices determine measurement and monitoring quality, and input and capacity requirements, and provides recommendations to progress to full terrestrial carbon accounting. More.

Climate Change Science Compendium 2009


The Climate Change Science Compendium is a review of some 400 major scientific contributions to our understanding of Earth Systems and climate that have been released through peer-reviewed literature or from research institutions over the last three years, since the close of research for consideration by the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report. More.

EU policy options for the protection of European forests against harmful impacts

Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg & Ecologic Institute, Institute of Forest and Environmental Policy Berlin

This study examines in detail which environmental challenges may necessitate a Community approach to protect European forests from harmful impacts and develops options for a common EU approach on forest protection. More.

REDD+ Institutional Options Assessment

Meridian Institute

This REDD+ Institutional Options Assessment summarizes the institutional issues that must be considered in order to establish an effective, efficient, and equitable international institutional framework for Reduced Emissions from Deforestation, forest Degradation, conservation, sustainable management of forests, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries (REDD+). More.

Mercado Climate Action Project

The Nature Conservancy

Launched in 1997, our Noel Kempff Mercado Climate Action Project was the world’s first forest conservation program scientifically verified by a third party to lower carbon emissions. Protecting 642,184 hectares of forest, the project is expected to prevent 5.8 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions over 30 years, equivalent to removing 1 million cars from America’s highways for one year. More

Solutions through Synergies – REDD and sectoral approaches


In the international climate negotiations leading up to a Copenhagen agreement, different topics are often discussed separately and with specialized experts. This implies that synergies between concepts are sometimes not identified. Two issues that receive particular attention in the negotiations are “Reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation” in developing countries (REDD) and “sectoral approaches”. With this report, we want to close the gap between REDD and sectoral approaches, explore synergies where they exist and discuss how they can be used. More.

The Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change

World Bank

The Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change study is a multi-year, multi-country study designed to help developing country decision makers more effectively design climate change adaptation strategies through an improved understanding and assessment of the risks posed by climate change, the adaptation measures that can be taken to reduce the risks and/or adverse impacts, and the costs and benefits of such measures. More.

REDD project financial feasibility tool


The SOCIALCARBON® Standard and the Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance (CCBA) have developed a tool to help project developers analyze the financial feasibility of potential REDD projects. This tool is now available for download. More.

Pledges and Actions: a scenario analysis of mitigation costs and carbon market impacts for developed and developing countries

The Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency

The current proposals for Copenhagen by the developed countries to reduce emissions do not yet suffice to limit global warming to a rise of 2 degree. It would require a reduction of 25 to 40% in greenhouse gas emissions in 2020, compared with 1990 levels, whereas the current proposals would lead to a reduction of 10 to 15%. If the surplus emission rights (‘hot air’) of Russia and the Ukraine (due to pledges above baseline levels) are not used or traded, the reduction increases to between 14 and 19% below 1990 levels. Developed countries as a group would need to increase their reduction targets for 2020 by at least 6 to 10%, in order to keep the 2 degree objective within reach. The global costs would be limited to 0.2% of GDP in 2020. More.

REDD-plus briefing materials


FIELD is providing support to REDD-plus negotiators from developing countries between now and the UN Copenhagen Climate Change Conference, on a neutral, non-partisan basis. A briefing paper for the negotiating session in Bangkok (28 September - 9 October) and ‘Quick Tips' for new REDD-plus negotiators are available in English, French and Spanish. More.


Making sub-saharan african forests work for people and nature: policy approaches in a changing global environment
This policy brief seeks to provide options on how countries in sub-Saharan Africa and their forests can respond strategically to global drivers of change, namely, climate change, payments for environmental services and emerging energy markets. More.





VI. Jobs

Senior AFOLU Advisor

CARE International

CARE International (CI) is seeking to recruit a senior advisor to support implementation of the carbon finance component of CI’s worldwide climate change strategy. The Senior AFOLU Advisor will focus on provision of technical assistance, programme development, tools for carbon finance programming, and capacity building. In the context of this position, AFOLU focuses on afforestation/reforestation, soil carbon, and reduced deforestation and forest degradation (REDD). More.        

Program Director, Amazon Watch

San Francisco, CA or Washington, DC. Amazon Watch is seeking a passionate professional for a new position. The Program Director is responsible for managing and directing program staff to deliver results in our advocacy campaigns for human rights, corporate accountability and the preservation of the Amazon's ecological systems.  The Program Director is also responsible for helping our program teams deliver effective support to indigenous and local communities in the regions of the Amazon where we work. This position reports to the Executive Director and is part of the senior management team at Amazon Watch. More.

REDD Post Doctoral Fellow


As part of CIFOR's global comparative REDD project (component 3 on reference levels and MRV), candidates are sought for a 2-4 year post doctoral position at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences. We are looking for someone with a PhD in economics, environment or forestry who is familiar with quantitative methods. The person will develop models for predicting deforestation and forest degradation, organise and participate in data collection and test these models in project sites and at the national level in selected project countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Depending on interest, the person might also get involved in other REDD topics covered by the project. More.

Project Manager, Congo Basin Forests and Climate


The position will be part of WRI’s Forest Landscape Initiative, which seeks to increase the ability of governments, businesses, and civil society to act upon better and more widely shared information to protect intact forests, manage working forests more sustainably, and restore deforested lands. Focused on forest-rich regions, the Initiative utilizes spatial information, information management tools (e.g., remote sensing, GIS, mapping), and other forest-related information to stimulate, support, and monitor actions that promote more sustainable forest management. The Initiative is currently active in the Congo Basin, Southeast Asia, and the Amazon Basin.


VII. Announcements

Indonesia launches Climate Change Trust Fund


The Indonesia Climate Change Trust Fund (ICCTF) was launched on Monday, 14 September 2009. The fund is designed to assist the Government of Indonesia in addressing Indonesia’s emerging and immediate needs with respect to climate change, which are currently being formulated in the 20 Years Indonesian Climate Change Sectoral Roadmap . More specifically, three priority areas for the ICCTF have been identified: The energy sector, including renewable energies and energy efficiency as well as the sustainable management of forest and peat land will be main priorities on the mitigation side, while reducing the vulnerability of agriculture, water and coastal zones will be the adaptation priority. For more information contact Syamsidar Thamrin, Deputy Director for Weather and Climate, Indonesian Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas E-mail: [email protected] or see

Investing in REDD-plus-Consensus on frameworks for the financing and implementation of REDD+

The Forests Dialogue,

This submission of recommendations are intended for country climate negotiators and others interested in the potential of forests to mitigate climate change and represents the consensus of a range of forest leaders across the business, environmental, scientific, Indigenous Peoples and forest-based communities on financing for REDD-plus (as referenced in he Bali Action Plan). Beginning in December 2007, The Forests Dialogue (TFD) led an intensive multi-stakeholder dialogue process to understand, discuss and seek consensus on the most pressing issues related to the use of forests to mitigate climate change. TFD’s findings have a bearing on both an eventual REDD finance mechanism within the UNFCCC and any interim finance arrangements that might complement such a mechanism. More.

Community Forestry E-News


RECOFTC is now making its monthly Community Forestry E-News more readily accessible. For the latest news, analysis, events, work opportunities, and publications relating to people and forests in the Asia-Pacific region. More.

Partnership to conserve tropical forests launched

A new partnership to strengthen the conservation of Indonesia’s tropical forests was launched at the Indonesian Embassy in Tokyo on Wednesday, October 7th, with the attendance of Indonesia’s Ambassador to Japan, Dr. Jusuf Anwar; Dr Hadi Pasaribu, Senior Advisor to Indonesia’s Minister of Forestry; International Tropical Timber Council Chairperson Ambassador Michael Maue; and Mr. Emmanuel Ze Meka, Executive Director of the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO). More.

Public comments on Draft REDD+ Social & Environmental Standards

Climate, Community & Biodiversity Alliance

A draft version of the REDD+ Social & Environmental Standards is available in English, Spanish and French   and comments are invited until 30 November 2009 which is the end of the first 60-day public comment period.  These standards are being developed for use by governments, NGOs, financing agencies and other stakeholders to design and implement REDD and other forest carbon programs that respect the rights of Indigenous Peoples and local communities and generate significant social and biodiversity co-benefits.  They are being designed to work for the new global REDD+ regime expected to emerge out of ongoing climate change negotiations, that is for government-led programs implemented at national or state/provincial/regional level and for all forms of fund-based or market-based financing. More.

Dialogue on Forests, Governance and Climate Change


The second Chatham House-RRI Dialogue on Forests, Governance and Climate Change will be held in Washington DC on Thursday 22 and Friday 23 October 2009. This meeting will be co-organized with the World Resources Institute (WRI) and will focus on the international implications of the Waxman-Markey bill now working its way through the US Congress, as well as the preliminary steps by the UN-REDD Programme and the Forest Carbon Partnership Fund (FCPF) to establish REDD Readiness in developing countries to date.

REDD – Building on the foundations of field-based conservation

Fauna and Flora International

As all eyes focus on Copenhagen and as REDD project development gathers pace, it is clear that the success of REDD will ultimately depend upon effective forest protection. Fauna & Flora International has drawn on its 100 year history of habitat management to collate a series of lessons learnt and recommendations relevant to the development of REDD projects. More.

CLIM-FO Information

The objective of CLIM-FO-L is to compile and distribute recent information about climate change and forestry. CLIM-FO-L is issued monthly.


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last updated:  Wednesday, June 16, 2010