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High Level Panel of Experts open e-consultations

Re: HLPE consultation on the V0 draft of the Report: Multi-stakeholder Partnerships (MSPs) to Finance and Improve Food Security and Nutrition in the Framework of the 2030 Agenda

Patrick Kalas
Patrick KalasFAOItaly

Firstly, the report is really excellent, both in terms of scope, substance and structure. It covers most if not all the “blind-spots” to make MSPs more effective, meaningful and sustainable.

My proposal is to sharpen four areas and include publication references:

  1. Role of partnership “broker”

Perhaps I missed it in the text. However from practical experience, the role of a trusted partnership “broker” is critical. This for instance to address and overcome power asymmetries, build trust, legitimacy and much more. Empirically explored in :

Kalas, P. 2007. Multi-stakeholder Partnerships and Diplomacy in Communications Technology for Development at the Global Policy Level. A Study of the UN Working Group on Internet Governance. Discussion Paper. Diplo Foundation, Geneva. http://bit.ly/2D5kpv3

Rioux, J. & Kalas, P. 2017. Capacity development at multiple-levels for effective implementation of sustainable land management. In Sustainable Land Management (SLM) in Practice in the Kagera Basin: Lessons Learned for Scaling up at Landscape Level. Rome, FAO. http://www.fao.org/3/a-i6085e.pdf

Nederlof, S., Wongtschowski, M. & Van der Lee, F. (eds). 2011. Putting heads together. Agricultural innovation platforms in practice. Bulletin 396, KIT Publishers quoting Klerkx, L.W.A. & Gildemacher, P. 2011. The role of innovation brokers in agricultural innovations systems. In: Agricultural innovation systems: an investment sourcebook. Module 3: Investment in extension and advisory services as part of agricultural innovation systems. Worldbank. 

Proposal: Adding (a) a separate paragraph / segment on the role of partnership brokers, specifically into Chapter 4 “Pathways to Improve Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships contribution to FSN” and (b) include the aforementioned publications in the reference section.

  1. Multi-stakeholders Diplomacy

Individual skills, capacities and competencies need to be enhanced to allow for a “level playing field” among actors to effectively engage in MSPs. One specific soft skill recognized is “multi-stakeholder diplomacy”. Empirically explored in:

Kurbalija, J. & Katrandjiev, V. (eds). 2006. Multi-Stakeholder Diplomacy- Challenges and Opportunities. DiploFoundation.

Kalas, P. 2007. Multi-stakeholder Partnerships and Diplomacy in Communications Technology for Development at the Global Policy Level. A Study of the UN Working Group on Internet Governance. Discussion Paper. Diplo Foundation, Geneva. http://bit.ly/2D5kpv3

Saner, R. 2007. Development Diplomacy by Non-State Actors: an emerging form of multi-stakeholder Diplomacy. Diplomacy Dialogue. Geneva.

Proposal: (a) complement sections on page 58 category “Action from the more powerful: building capacity” and section 4.1.4 “Skills Improvement to manage MSPs” with elements on multi-stakeholder diplomacy and (b) add publications to the reference list.

  1.  Operationalizing MSP (Platforms)

 “How-to-operationalise” MSPs is a challenge. A step-by-step approach is suggested in below’s publication and has also been applied to implement the Voluntary Guidelines for the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT) in South Africa.

Kalas et all. 2017. “Multi-stakeholder, multi-actor processes, platforms and networks for Climate Smart Agriculture” in “Enhancing capacities for country-owned transition towards Climate Smart Agriculture.”. FAO. Rome. See Section C.2.2.2. in http://bit.ly/2tfAKOj

Proposal: (a) Expand Section 4. “Pathways to Improve Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships contribution to FSN” and perhaps specifically Section 4.1. with these operational steps and (b) add the publication to the reference list.  

  1.  Monitoring / Assessing the effectiveness of MSPs

Proposal: Add FAO publication FAO. 2013. Organizational Analysis and Development” http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3538e.pdf Mariagrazia Rocchigiani Office of Partnerships, Advocacy and Capacity Development (OPC) – FAO Denis Herbel to the references. Particular in light of Chapter 3 “Engaging in Multi-stakeholder processes” and Chapter 4 / Section 4.3 “Measuring results of a multi-stakeholder process”.

Lastly, if desired, I could draft a text box on “Multi-stakeholder Platforms to implement the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT) in South Africa”. This to illustrate how the platform was set up and is facilitated by FAO being the neutral and trusted convener. Before writing more, just to explore whether this would be of interest.

 

Renewed thanks for this opportunity to contribute.

Look forward to your feedback, with regards,

 

Patrick P. Kalas

Division of Partnerships and South-South Cooperation (DPS)

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)