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Consultas electrónicas abiertas del HLPE

Re: Promoting youth engagement and employment in agriculture and food systems - HLPE consultation on the V0 draft of the report

Youth Alliance For Zero Hunger
Youth Alliance For Zero HungerItaly

Articulating a theory of change:

Youth is a driver for change. Their mindset, ideas and talents should be involved to design policy measurements, so that where they want to take over a leverage for change is being enabled.

Youth are normally underrepresented in decision-making, and sometimes they are in the meetings, but do not get actually involved. That’s a mistake. Youth raise the bar when they get engaged in policy-making, goals get more ambitious. Mechanisms aimed to ensure youth representation have to also ensure youth participation.

Consider the youth perspective as a potential opportunity in the stakeholder and governance environment.

To develop more on the role of local entities to facilitate access to land. In this sense, intermunicipal networks can be a good opportunity for youth engagement and for facilitating access to land. Collaboration networks among urban and rural municipalities can tackle many of the challenges faced in youth engagement. For instance, cities can offer access to markets to peri urban and rural municipalities, while the former can provide access to land for educational purposes or for youth entrepreneurship. See example of “red TERRAE” in Spain and their courses in agriculture for young people.

Shortening supply chains does not directly mean to reduce direct negative environmental impact (see A. Malak-Rawlikowska et al. 2019). This is due to the higher efficiency of global chains in terms of freight load. Nevertheless, the positive outcomes of SFSCs on the environmental sustainability through spillover effects can overpass direct negative effects: rural development, creation of awareness, animal welfare, biodiversity, adopting more eco-friendly production methods, and reducing environmental pollutions (see Renting et al., 2003; Forssell and Lankoski, 2015; Schmmitt et al., 2017; Kumar et al., 2019).

To put higher emphasis on the importance of policies that facilitate access to land NOT ONLY to young would-be farmers with families that have lands, but to any young would-be farmer, including urban dwellers. 

Examples of mechanisms to facilitate farmer-to-farmer, especially of those that foster exchange between older and young people. Young people are up to date with new research and techniques, which can help in knowledge transfer. While at the same time, the older generation's experience can help fulfil the aspirations of younger generations towards our common goal (CSAYN call for actions).

To highlight mechanisms that facilitate young would-be farmers from urban areas to engage in SFSCs. This mechanisms can be extremely useful for youth engagement in AFS, especially, after the crisis as these are drivers of migration (see https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405896315006588)

Matchfunding and civic crowdfunding as an innovative example of “economies of solidarity” and for finance access for young people. These mechanisms also work as an example of private-public collaboration mechanism. (See European Crowdfunding Network. (2018). Triggering Participation: A Collection of Civic Crowdfunding and Match-funding Experiences in the EU. Recuperado de https://eurocrowd.org/wp-content/blogs.dir/sites/85/2018/07/ECN_CF4ESIF_... Charbit, Claire y Desmoulins, G. (2017). Civic Crowdfunding: A Collective Option For Local Public Goods? OECD Regional Development Working Papers.; Barrette, E. (2011). Crowdfunding: A communal business model. Communities, (152), 32.)

Sustainable local food procurement as a way to educate childhood on sustainable local food options, this tool reduces dependency on the socio-economic status of a family and the educational level of parents can be. In addition, it can be a tool for local small farmers (including youth) to plan their production. (See for instance Public procurement for sustainable food environments by European Public Health Alliance )

Youth initiatives are fragmented and usually disconnected from local and global policy programs, hence there is a need to focus on grassroots youth initiaves, connect those initiatives and "put young people in the driver's seat".Not only “for” youth, but “by” youth is the only way to deliver effective policies (Youth Alliance for Zero Hunger partner event High special event on food security and nutrition)

Youth to create the message and also to deliver it as it appears to be more effective.

Not to reduce the examples of crises to COVID-19, but also to previous food crises.

A lot of policy tools are designed to re-enforce old thinking & systems and not the unknown world that youth entail, if f.e., they need to support to produce food as they see fit. According to all trend reports this means climate resilient, etc.!

Focus on a human capital agenda, connecting to a labour market and agri&food sector globally in transformation. Start creating room, in the governance for critical redesign, funding and investment strategies to reach the right destination.

Invest in data and internet infrastructure as a knowledge enabler for youth in rural areas, to be able to start economic activities. This also reduces the digital gap.

Create opportunities in the agrifood rural-urban continuum for hands on learning, not just academic research that doesn’t comprehend for most young people.

Let young people be the narrative of change, focus on DO and ACT for IMPACT instead of focusing on policy measurements for papers, theory and talk. 

Create room for experiment, demand based design, conditions for success for regional and thematic experiment