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Consultations électroniques ouvertes du HLPE

Re: Multistakeholder Partnerships to Finance and Improve Food Security and Nutrition in the Framework of the 2030 Agenda - HLPE e-consultation on the Report’s scope, proposed by the HLPE Steering Committee

World Health Organization / Nutrition for Health and Development
World Health Organization / Nutrition for Health and Development

HLPE Report on Multistakeholder Partnerships to Finance  and Improve Food Security and Nutrition in the  Framework of the 2030 Agenda

World Health Organization / Nutrition for Health and DevelopmentContribution to the eConsultation on the Issues Note

 

We would like to thank the HLPE secretariat for providing the opportunity to provide inputs into this important topic. WHO/NHD would like to contribute the following points to the scope of the issues note:

First of all, the UN Decade of Action on Nutrition is an important building block that should be integrated in this report on improving food security and nutrition in the framework of the 2030 agenda. In April 2016, the United Nations (UN) General Assembly proclaimed the United Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition (2016–2025) through Resolution 70/259. Under the normative framework of the Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2) and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Nutrition Decade marks a new ambition and direction in global nutrition action: to eradicate hunger, end malnutrition in all its forms and reduce the burden of dietrelated noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in all age groups. The Nutrition Decade represents an unprecedented opportunity for achieving nutrition impact at scale, with a collective vision of a world where all people at all times and at all stages of life have access to affordable, diversified, safe and healthy diets. (Ref: http://www.who.int/nutrition/decade-of-action/en/ )

•      The UN Decade of Action on Nutrition is intrinsically interconnected to the Agenda 2030 
The achievement of the SDGs will only be met when much greater political focus is given towards improving nutrition, as nutrition is both an input and outcome of sustainable development. The UN Decade of Action on Nutrition provides an opportunity for all partners to work together, mobilise action and accelerate efforts towards the elimination of hunger, food insecurity and all forms of malnutrition and meeting the SDGs by 2030.
The Nutrition Decade provides an inclusive umbrella for all relevant stakeholders to consolidate, align and reinforce nutrition actions across different sectors and stakeholders. The work programme of the UN Decade of Action on Nutrition refers to MSP in several ways as important partners for joint actions to achieve the global nutrition targets and nutrition related targets of the SDGs.  (Ref.: http://www.who.int/nutrition/decade-of-action/workprogramme-2016to2025/en/ )

•      Furthermore, the HLPE report could look into innovative finance mechanisms: How far have MSP engaged in such innovations?
This should also address how to foster the exchange of experiences on these innovations. How domestic resources may be mobilized, for example through taxation of unhealthy products, and on how available country resources (e.g. mobilized in such ways) may be oriented towards nutrition objectives and can better leverage private investments. These and other aspects are part of the UN Decade of Action on Nutrition work programme and are of high relevance to achieve the set global targets of the SDGs. 

•      An essential element for achieving targets is ‘accountability’ and a related tracking mechanism.  Therefore, the HLPE report could look into this very closely. Important questions to address include: How do the various MSP effectively manage to make their multiple stakeholders account for improving food security and nutrition? How have MSP established an effective dialogue on accountability? 

•      We would like to suggest that the HLPE report should also address the need for mechanism and tools needed to manage potential conflict of interest. Potential questions include: How do existing MSP address conflict of interest? What are existing mechanisms and how effective are they? 

Whenever multiple actors come together in a decision making process there is potential for conflicts of interest. Conflicts of interest may arise at different stages in decision making processes: such as: - when making a decision on the need to establish a policy or action; - when developing the policy or action; - when implementing the policy or action; and - when it is monitored. When countries engage with a non-state actor it is important to ensure transparency. A Conflicts of interest policy should be in place with a clear design of the engagement process, mechanisms for risk management of Conflicts of interest, mechanisms for monitoring and accountability/ sanctions in order to set out clear governance structures. The roles of the different actors should be defined as well as the expected outcomes of the engagement and responsibility for each actor. (Ref: WHO 2016. Addressing and managing conflicts of interest in the planning and delivery of nutrition programmes at country level. Report of a technical consultation convened in Geneva, Switzerland, on 8–9 October 2015. Available at http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/206554/1/9789241510530_eng.pdf )

•    With regard to innovative approaches and case studies, these could be looked into at all levels (global, regional, national). Furthermore, we suggest that examples should include relevant nutrition and health MS Partnerships.   

Examples of multi-stakeholder partnerships and arrangements (non-exhaustive lists): Every Women Every Child multistakeholder movement; Global Coordination Mechanism for Non-Communicable disease (NCDs); The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health; Scaling Up Nutrition movement; Nutrition 4 growth; 

Every Women Every Child multistakeholder movement: - Launched by UN Secretary-General Ban Kimoon during the United Nations Millennium Development Goals Summit in September 2010, Every Woman Every Child is an unprecedented global movement that mobilizes and intensifies international and national action by governments, multilaterals, the private sector and civil society to address the major health challenges facing women, children and adolescents around the world including nutrition. The movement puts into action the Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health, which presents a roadmap to ending all preventable deaths of women, children and adolescents within a generation and ensuring their well-being.
https://www.everywomaneverychild.org/about/
Accountability has been a cornerstone of the Every Woman Every Child movement since its launch in 2010. The sense of community and partnership, and that of common goals and challenges in the area of reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health gave the EWEC movement its strength. This has also helped shape its accountability model, which includes mandatory reporting from commitment makers. 

Global Coordination Mechanism for Non-Communicable disease (NCDs) - The GCM is a Member State-led mechanism that aims to facilitate and enhance coordination of activities, multi-stakeholder engagement and action in order to implement the Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs 2013–2020. (ref: http://www.who.int/ncds/gcm/en/)

The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health (PMNCH) The Partnership has a vital mandate to engage, align and hold accountable multi-stakeholder action to improve the health and well-being of women, newborns, children and adolescents, everywhere. Using new evidence and building on experiences and lessons learned, the Partnership concentrates on its core strengths – alignment, analysis, advocacy and accountability –to contribute to the Every Woman Every Child Movement and provide support to all partners to work together to achieve the full range of targets for the Global Strategy by 2030. (Ref: http://www.who.int/pmnch/en/

Nutrition for Growth. http://nutritionforgrowth.org/nutrition-growth/
Nutrition for Growth represents an opportunity for governments, investors, civil society organizations and citizens to come together to invest in solutions to improve nutrition. It is a platform for governments and other partners to make high-impact commitments to end malnutrition in all its forms and to ensure brighter and more prosperous futures. 

The World Economic Forum’s System Initiative on Shaping the Future of Food Security and Agriculture - This initiative seeks to develop a long-term strategy and ways of working across the public, private and social sectors to achieve a 20% improvement each decade in food security, environmental sustainability and economic opportunity. This will be achieved through a marketbased and multi-stakeholder approach, in line with the New Vision for Agriculture (NVA). (Refhttps://www.weforum.org/system-initiatives/food-security-and-agriculture).