Forum global sur la sécurité alimentaire et la nutrition (Forum FSN)

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    • Dear Forum Members
      Greetings from Dschang, Cameroon

      My name is Djoumessi Tobou France Gina. I am a PhD student in Nutrition and Feeding animals at the University Dschang-Cameroon. My area of ​​research is food security.

      The food security is general and particular in a security of the western regions. Indeed, the population growth of 1.14 per year (Ria Novosti - Sputnik, 2019) creates an imbalance between demand and supply of protein of animal origin, malnutrition especially in low income families. To fight against this scourge, the development and the vulgarization of the mini-breeding, offer you an alternative alternative to what you want to contribute globally to the economy of the African countries by the promotion of the employment, exchanges and exchanges preservation of biodiversity. Thus, the culture which was an unconventional breeding, was above all a pledge of food security. The guinea pig is a monogastric herbivore whose major interest lies in its prolificacy, its high growth rate, its lean meat and its inexpensive diet. Despite its importance, diet remains the main limiting factor for the expression of the production potential of animals in a tropical environment. Indeed, in this zone, the animal culture is rustic, the animals feed mainly on kitchen waste, crops and grass grasses often deficient in essential nutrients such as proteins and minerals (Noumbissi et al., 2014). This results in low productivity, stunted growth, decreased fertility, abortions, and small ones with low birth and death rates (Niba et al., 2004). Improving productivity among consumers can do the other, improving their diet and especially their implementation.

      To overcome this scourge (malnutrition), our studies focused on the valorization of Moringa oleifera seeds in the guinea pig diet in order to increase the availability of animal proteins.Our study shows that Moringa seeds are very rich in protein (38%) and can be used both human and animal. In addition, these seeds significantly improved the average daily earnings of guinea pigs. In short to fight against food security we can advise the practice of this breeding, the use of Moringa seeds to improve the yield of animal productions.Indeed, guinea pigs do not compete with humans for food. It is herbivorous, its waste is less polluting, but can be used to fertilize the pond or crops. Its breeding makes it possible to avoid the hunting with excess thus protection of the biodiversity.

      In conclusion, it is a good candidate for sustainable development and for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030.