FAO et FEM

Un partenariat au service de l’agriculture durable et de l’environnement

La croissance du tourisme et de la population dans la baie d'Ilha Grande a exercé une forte pression sur les écosystèmes locaux, menaçant les ressources naturelles et les moyens de subsistance. Le projet de gestion intégrée de l'écosystème de la baie d'Ilha Grande (BIG) a établi la "BIG Initiative" et un service complet de partage d'informations pour promouvoir une gestion durable de la baie, en équilibrant la croissance industrielle et économique avec les impératifs de sauvegarde des ressources naturelles et des services écosystémiques pour l'avenir.

Le projet DS-SLM visait à relever les défis découlant du manque de coordination entre les plates-formes et les bases de données de gestion durable des terres (GDT), les lacunes dans les connaissances dans le domaine des coûts et avantages de la GDT, et les capacités et la sensibilisation limitées des décideurs politiques quant à l'importance d'adopter la GDT. approches. En réponse, le projet a produit des directives méthodologiques, des outils et des boîtes à outils précieux qui sont pertinents pour tout pays cherchant à lutter contre la désertification, la dégradation des terres et la sécheresse (DLDD)

Le projet GCS-Tenure a cherché à améliorer la façon dont les réformes forestières et foncières sont comprises, communiquées et utilisées, afin que les décideurs, les praticiens et les personnes dépendantes des forêts dans les pays en développement soient bien équipés pour élaborer et mettre en œuvre des politiques et des initiatives qui soutenir la sécurité foncière, les moyens de subsistance et la gestion durable des forêts.

Eritrea faces a number of threats related to the environmental degradation and public health impacts of pesticides, including persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The project sought to address risks arising from POPs and obsolete pesticides, dispose of existing stocks, and prevent further accumulation in Eritrea through the use of sound environmental management methods. 

In recent years, climate change has had a significant impact on yields and livelihoods in Nepal, fueled by an increase in climate-related hazards including floods, drought, hailstorms and temperature extremes, as well as pests and diseases, soil erosion, deforestation and desertification. The climate change adaptation project successfully employed a number of good practices in the areas of climate change adaptation, innovation and capacity building to effectively respond to the impacts of climate change in the agriculture sector.

The Kagera River Basin, shared by Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda, supports the livelihoods of 16.5 million people and its conservation is essential for maintaining the water levels of Lake Victoria and outflow to the Nile. However, the basin’s land and freshwater resource base are threatened by land degradation, declining productive capacity of croplands and rangelands, deforestation, and encroachment into wetlands. The Kagera TAMP project supported the adoption of an integrated ecosystems approach for the management of land resources to generate local, national and global benefits.

Population growth and accelerating economic development has put greater pressure on marine ecosystems in the Coral Triangle in Southeast Asia. Bycatch and discards across the region’s trawl fisheries are an increasing concern. The REBYC-II CTI project sought to reduce the impact of bycatch, discards and fishing on biodiversity and the environment, while facilitating effective public and private sector partnerships for improved trawl and bycatch management.

El Salvador, with its tropical climate and varied topography and geography, features a rich diversity of natural ecosystems, which is exposed to a range of natural hazards, including extreme weather events related to climate change. To address these issues, the GEF-funded project successfully employed a number of good practices in the areas of sustainable natural resource management, community and ecosystem resilience, and climate change adaptation.

In the Chimborazo province of Ecuador, climate change and unsustainable use of natural resources in threatening the health of its Páramos, resulting in negative social and economic impacts on local communities. In this regard, the project sought to strengthen the local capacity for the sustainable management of natural resources and improve livelihoods. 

In Cameroon, mangrove ecosystems provide a wide range of resources and ecosystem services that greatly contribute to people's livelihoods, coastal protection, pollution reduction, and carbon sequestration. Yet, mangroves are threatened as a result of demographic pressure and urban expansion. The good practices adopted and implemented by the GEF-funded project in Cameroon contributed to the creation of Cameroon’s first marine and terrestrial national park, Douala-Edea National Park, spread across over 260 000 hectares, that includes mangrove forests, rivers, wetlands and marine habitats.

In the semi-arid regions of southwestern Angola, the capacity of ecosystems to provide valuable services is under pressure due to changes in the pasture and water management practices, climate change and land degradation. The Land Rehabilitation and Rangelands Management in Small Holders Agropastoral Production Systems in Southwestern Angola project (RETESA) sought to address these issues through a participatory and integrated approach.

In Latin America and the Caribbean, detailed information on the composition, volume, value, and potential utilization of bycatch, as well as on the impact of fishing on seabed habitats, has been inadequate. This has led to significant impacts on targeted and non-targeted fishery resources, marine ecosystems, and fishing communities. In this regard, the GEF-funded project sought to reduce food loss and to encourage sustainable livelihoods through improving collaborative institutional and regulatory arrangements for bycatch management, strengthening management of bycatch through an Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF), and enhancing information sharing in the region.