Gender and Land Rights Database

United Kingdom

Other factors influencing gender differentiated land rights

- In many rural areas, the absence of accessible and affordable childcare and eldercare creates significant barriers to women wishing to enter and/or return to the workplace.
Female rates of unemployment in less accessible rural areas in Northern Ireland are higher than in urban areas or in the more accessible rural areas (28).


- Lack of economic opportunities, networks and access to training infrastructure are problems for women and young people living in remote rural areas (28).


- The Northern Ireland Agricultural services follow a policy of notifying husbands/fathers of current issues, reinforcing the perception of “farming as a male industry” (28).


- In Northern Ireland:
i. most rural women have no legal or professional status unless they are farm owners;
ii. farm women’s social welfare cover is inadequate compared with women in paid employment;
iii. farm women do not have sufficient access to vocational training, nor are they provided with adequate training or incentives to participate in training (28).

- Because women are not generally the direct recipients of social welfare payments, these payments reinforce dependent roles for women (28).


- Rural women who suffer from violence are more isolated than urban dwellers and have less access to support services. Domestic violence is the leading cause of mortality for British women aged 19-44, ahead of cancer and road accidents.
Lack of public transport and decreased access to many resources make it more difficult for rural women to escape abusive relationships or access support services. Rural health care providers may be acquainted with or related to their patients and their families, creating a barrier to disclosing abuse. Geographic isolation and cultural values, including strong ties to the land and kin, all increase the challenges faced by rural women (35).

Sources: numbers in brackets (*) refer to sources displayed in the Bibliography