Base de Datos Género y Derecho a la Tierra

South Africa

Organizaciones de la Sociedad Civil y de los pueblos indígenas, que promueven la igualdad de derechos sobre la tierra

  • Organization has mainly occurred in urban areas, especially around issues of violence against women. There is no strong grassroots movement of women in the rural areas (21).
  • The Association for Rural Advancement (AFRA) is an independent non-governmental organization (NGO) established in 1979 working on land rights and agrarian reform in KwaZulu-Natal. AFRA's work focuses on: empowering black rural population groups to engage in land reform processes; providing for and protecting the interests of women and other vulnerable groups; networking with other organizations to lobby for just and effective land reform for the benefit of rural people within a rural development programme; and training on tenure, legislation and state policy.
  • The Border Rural Committee (BRCs) is an NGO working towards rural development in the central and eastern parts of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. It was set up in 1982 as a voluntary association to assist rural communities in the Border-Kei region against forced removals and forced incorporation into former homelands. Its main objectives are to assist communities to lobby for access to land and security of tenure and to address the social and economic needs of rural people, especially women and other marginalized groups, by means of a fair distribution of land and development of community management programmes. .
  • The Women’s National Coalition of South Africa (WNC) was formed in April 1991. Its main goal was to work towards a Women's Charter which would guarantee effective equality. At its founding meeting, 70 national organizations joined the coalition and a Steering Committee was elected. WNC brings together women across the full political, economic, social, religious and cultural spectrums. The Women’s Charter, which is now officially recognized and endorsed by the National Parliament and by all nine regional parliaments, was part of the support documentation for the drafting of the Constitution.

Organizaciones locales con decisiones sobre la tierra y representación de la mujer

  • Women’s participation in management committees of the pilot land reform programmes is limited, both as to the number of members and the extent to which the voices of female elected members are heard in meetings. Mpumalanga constitutes an exception: it is reported that 4 out of 15 members of the management committee, including the chairperson, are women (10).
  • Communal Property Associations, established under the Communal Property Associations Act of 1996, have the mandate to administer communal land on behalf of its members and to provide women with a useful legal tool for group purchase (3). However, in the Communal Property Associations there are no female members (10).

Información legal y desarrollo de capacidades en el derecho a la tierra

  • The Association for Rural Advancement (AFRA) an independent non-governmental organization, provides training on tenure, legislation and state policy.

Fuentes: los números entre paréntesis (*) se refieren a las fuentes que están en la sección de Bibliografía