性别和土地权利数据库

Ethiopia

土地管理机构及参与情况

Regional governments have the duty to administer land and other natural resources in accordance with federal laws. Regional governments are also entrusted to administer land regarding “the assignment of holding rights and the execution of distribution of holdings” (14).

Each regional council is responsible for developing regional land proclamations and additional regulations or implementation rules to guide the competent entities at the regional, district, woreda, and community, kabelle, levels (8).

Land Administration Committees (LACs) have been established all over the country. They were given the responsibility to implement field-based land registration and certification.

In the northern regions, LACs exist at the kebelle, tabia, sub-kebelle and kushet levels. They are usually established by popular vote and require inclusion of at least one female member. Because women have heavy workloads and because they would need to be away from home for much of the time during registration, women’s representation among LACs staff members is very low (8).

Registration and user right certification have been introduced in four regions: in the Tigray region since 1998, in the Amhara region since 2002 and in the Oromya region and Southern Nations and Nationalities People’s Region (SNNPR) since 2004 (20). Other regions have yet to endorse the land reform.

Regional acts codify and stipulate local land administration institutions, which have formulated their own land proclamations in the regional states. However, until recently and under the new land acts, not all of them are fully operational because of understaffing and limited dissemination of information, material and training (8).

料来源: 括号 * 中的数目是指源示在参考目。