База данных по гендерной проблематике и правам на землю


Права собственности и пользования женщин, закрепленные в Гражданском кодексе, Трудовом кодексе и Семейном кодексе

The new Family Law 10/2004 of 25 August 2004: 

  • Article 16: recognises three types of marriage: civil, religious and traditional  
  • Article 16(2) states that marriage is monogamous (12). 
  • The reformed Family Law establishes gender equality in family law. It states that marriage should not be seen exclusively as a union whereby women serve to produce children, but rather as an equitable union between equal partners. Indeed, husbands are no longer automatically considered the head of the family and parental authority thus replaces paternal authority. 
  • Article 30 bans marriage before the age of 18 and guarantees the right of both partners to choose a spouse and enter into marriage with free and full consent. 
  • Article 99: spouses have an equal right to represent the family
  • Article 103: guarantees gender equality in property ownership: married women have the right to register property jointly with their husbands (13). 
  • It stipulates the obligation to register customary or religious marriages with civil authorities and recognizes de facto marriages, or common-law marriages (14). A marriage that is not registered is considered a de facto union without the full legal recognition of marriage. In de facto unions there is no requirement to obtain the consent of a partner -in a cohabiting relationship- before transferring property. (27)

Law 8/92 of 1992 on non-litigious divorce:

  • Article 5: in concession of a litigious divorce, the couples must give their consent on: i. the regulation of the paternal power regarding minor children; ii. the distribution of common assets; iii. the provision of foodstuff to the less privileged spouse; iv. the destination of the couple’s home (11).

Labour Law: Law 23/2007, of 1 August 2007  which repeals Law 8/98, of 20 July1998:  

  • Articles 10-12: guarantee the right to 60 days maternity leave with full pay. According to Article 3, Number 2, these provisions shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to any type of employment relationship, even to those not explicitly covered by the Labour Law. Moreover, specific provisions of the Labour Law provide for legal action in the case of proven discrimination, with the support of the Courts of Labour, constitutionally provided for and operational in all provincial capitals of the country (15).

Источники: цифры в скобках (*) обратиться к источникам, отображаются в списке литературы.