Gender and Land Rights Database

The LAT analyses national legal frameworks across 30 legal indicators to provide prompt, targeted and effective policy advice to Member Countries wishing to achieve gender-equitable land tenure.

Driving change with the Legal Assessment Tool (LAT) for gender-equitable land tenure

The LAT can help you:


    - The legal intricacies that surround men and women's access to land;
    - The existing positive elements in the policy and legal framework;
    - The progress made over the years 

2. IDENTIFY the persisting gender inequalities in the legal framework

3. TARGET key areas where legal reform is needed

The results of the evaluation are intended to translate into targeted efforts to develop the policy and normative capacity of countries to formulate gender-equitable policies and laws on land tenure, including personal laws.

How does it work?

The LAT offers a scroll-down list of legal indicators for gender-equitable land tenure. They focus on the elimination of gender-based discrimination in the constitution, in inheritance, nationality, property rights and access to justice among others. 

When selected, the indicator will reflect to what extent a country has incorporated the indicator into its national legal framework. The results are shown visually and in different colour ranges on an interactive map specially designed for this purpose on a scale from 0 to 4. Also, the LAT assessments currently available can be downloaded in full directly from this page.

Search LAT indicator

Background information

How are the LAT assessments carried out?
- They cover three sources of law: constitutions, statutes and regulations;
- They rely primarily on the information contained in the various sections of the country profiles;
- They are reliable and accurate: the stages are identified using the actual text of the legislation, referencing all relevant legal provisions. 

Promoting an integrated system of land tenure
The LAT promotes the incorporation of informal normative systems into the general legal system. Customary and religious sources of law are only covered insofar as they are incorporated into the general legal system.

A de jure analysis of the legislation pertaining to gender and land
It is outside the scope of the LAT to engage in a de facto analysis of gender equity in land tenure.

Breaking down the different stages in policy and law-making processes
Because legal reform should take place inside a policy framework, the LAT analyses the policy environment and the legal framework simultaneously. Each stage is assigned a score:



Absence of the indicator in the legal framework


A policy is being developed


A policy is in place


A draft legislation is to be submitted for deliberations


The indicator appears in primary law


The indicator appears in multiple legal instruments


Not applicable