Geospatial information for sustainable food systems

Assessment of agricultural drought severity in Afghanistan for 2022

Year published: 17/10/2023

Assessing agricultural drought severity is critical for food security. Remote sensing data, particularly the Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) from MODIS product1, helps evaluate drought extent. Monthly VCI maps from January to April are merged to create a comprehensive growing season map, categorized into five drought severity classes. This map is then visualized using a hexagon grid with cells of approximately 350 square kilometers. The 2022 drought severity assessment reveals that numerous provinces in Afghanistan experienced higher levels of drought, especially in the extreme and severe classes. These findings are important for the Afghanistan Emergency Food Security Project (OSRO/AFG/213/WBK), providing essential information to address food security challenges and implement appropriate interventions.