General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean - GFCM


Oceans cover more than 70 percent of the Earth’s surface, yet they only contribute to 2 percent of the world’s food. Seaweed could contribute to a systemic change in our model of civilization but its potential remains majorly untapped. Seaweed could well become a precious ally to meet the global challenges, from hunger to climate change. Its uses range from a nutritious source of food for human consumption, to animal feed, fuel, fertilizer, a substitute for plastics and even medicine. Importantly, seaweed can also play a role in carbon sequestration and eutrophication mitigation, and it is increasingly being used as a “nature-based solution” to mitigate climate change and support ecosystems.

GFCM action

Given the potential of seaweed production for contributing towards the achievement of multiple SDGs the GFCM plans to promote seaweed aquaculture as an accelerator for sustainable growth, marine conservation, innovation and sustainable livelihoods of local societies in the Mediterranean and Black Sea region, through activities such as the following:


  • Mapping of all seaweed stakeholders and activities in the Mediterranean and Black Sea region.
  • Creation of a multi-stakeholder platform in order to exchange knowledge and build capacity on technical, market and regulatory aspects of seaweed farming.
  • Collaboration with producers and research institutions to develop best practices (including Integrated Multi Trophic Aquaculture) and promotion seaweed farming as a nature-based solution regarding marine organic pollution, climate change, value creation and local societies’ livelihoods.
  • Development of a regulatory framework for ensuring responsible seaweed farming in the region through a consultation process and by capitalizing on existing knowledge and experience from other regions.