Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)


Sustainable production and agrifood systems based on GIAHS approaches


The pressing necessity to transform existing agrifood systems, characterized by their substantial environmental challenges—including the excessive use of pesticides and fertilizers, greenhouse gas emissions, water overexploitation, biodiversity depletion, and soil degradation—into systems that are resilient and sustainable is becoming widely recognized on a global scale.

Emphasizing the crucial role of biodiversity preservation and the need to mitigate the environmental impact of agriculture, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations has recognized certain traditional agricultural, forestry, and fishery systems as Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS). These systems, which are richly integrated with local cultures and biodiversity, have been carefully adapted to the unique climatic and natural environments of their respective regions. They stand out for their vital contribution to preserving cultural heritage for future generations. As of February 2024, 86 agricultural heritage systems have been officially designated in 26 countries.

In response, the "Project for Promotion and Dissemination of Sustainable Agrifood Systems (GCP/GLO/1185/JPN-F)," funded by Japan, aims to facilitate a global workshop/webinar to gather, analyze and shared information on outstanding initiatives and best practices for promoting greening the supply chain in agriculture.


The webinar will showcase four GIAHS sites that exemplify long-standing agricultural practices for sustainable agricultural production and agrifood supply chain enhancement, leveraging traditional knowledge and practices. It aims to facilitate the sharing of insights and experiences. 

Experts from four systems will share their experiences, highlighting the synergy between traditional wisdom with good practices for global solutions.

Panelists from:

  1. Austria: Traditional Hay Milk Farming in the Austrian Alpine Arc
  2. Tunisia Gafsa Oases 
  3. Japan: Fallen Leaves Compost Agroforestry in Musashino Upland
  4. Ecuador: Amazonian Chakra, managed by Indigenous communities
  5. Japan: Mamano Chocolate, Cacao supply chain operator

Key information

Dates: 25-26 April 2024

Article post webinar: 

Interpretation: English, French, Spanish, and Japanese.

Four examples of best practices

Traditional Hay milk Farming in the Austrian Alpine Arc, Austria

The Amazonian Chakra, a traditional agroforestry system managed by Indigenous communities in Napo province, Ecuador

Fallen Leaves Compost Agroforestry System in Musashino Upland, in the peri-urban area of Tokyo, Japan

Gafsa Oases, Tunisia