GSFA Online

Food Additive Details

beta-Carotenes, vegetable (160a(ii))

Synonym(s)
  • Carotenes-natural
  • CI Food Orange 5
  • Mixed carotenes
  • Natural beta-carotene
Functional Classes
  • Colour

JECFA Lookup Click here to search the FAO JECFA database for the specifications of additive(s) with INS No. 160a(ii)

 Click here to search the WHO JECFA database for evaluation of additive(s) with INS No. 160a(ii)

GSFA Provisions for beta-Carotenes, vegetable
Number Food Category Max Level Notes
Food Category Hierarchy 14.2.7 Aromatized alcoholic beverages (e.g. beer, wine and spirituous cooler-type beverages, low alcoholic refreshers) 600 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 06.6 Batters (e.g. for breading or batters for fish or poultry) 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 14.2.1 Beer and malt beverages 600 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.3.2 Beverage whiteners 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 07.1.4 Bread-type products, including bread stuffing and bread crumbs 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 06.3 Breakfast cereals, including rolled oats 400 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 02.2.1 Butter 600 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.1.2.7 Candied fruit 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.1.2.4 Canned or bottled (pasteurized) fruit 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.2.2.4 Canned or bottled (pasteurized) or retort pouch vegetables (including mushrooms and fungi, roots and tubers, pulses and legumes, and aloe vera), and seaweeds 200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 06.5 Cereal and starch based desserts (e.g. rice pudding, tapioca pudding) 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.6.5 Cheese analogues 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.6.2.3 Cheese powder (for reconstitution; e.g. for cheese sauces) 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 05.3 Chewing gum 500 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 14.2.2 Cider and perry 600 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 05.1.4 Cocoa and chocolate products 100 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 05.1.3 Cocoa-based spreads, including fillings 100 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 05.2 Confectionery including hard and soft candy, nougats, etc. other than food categories 05.1, 05.3 and 05.4 500 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.2.4.1 Cooked fish and fish products 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.2.4.2 Cooked mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 07.1.2 Crackers, excluding sweet crackers 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.4.4 Cream analogues 20 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.7 Dairy-based desserts (e.g. pudding, fruit or flavoured yoghurt) 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 05.4 Decorations (e.g. for fine bakery wares), toppings (non-fruit) and sweet sauces 20,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 13.5 Dietetic foods (e.g. supplementary foods for dietary use) excluding products of food categories 13.1 - 13.4 and 13.6 600 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 13.3 Dietetic foods intended for special medical purposes (excluding products of food category 13.1) 600 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 13.4 Dietetic formulae for slimming purposes and weight reduction 600 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 14.2.6 Distilled spirituous beverages containing more than 15% alcohol 600 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 06.4.2 Dried pastas and noodles and like products 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.2.2.2 Dried vegetables (including mushrooms and fungi, roots and tubers, pulses and legumes, and aloe vera), seaweeds, and nuts and seeds 200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 08.4 Edible casings (e.g. sausage casings) 5,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 03.0 Edible ices, including sherbet and sorbet 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 10.2 Egg products 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 10.4 Egg-based desserts (e.g. custard) 150 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 12.6.1 Emulsified sauces and dips (e.g. mayonnaise, salad dressing, onion dip) 2,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 02.3 Fat emulsions mainly of type oil-in-water, including mixed and/or flavoured products based on fat emulsions 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 02.2.2 Fat spreads, dairy fat spreads and blended spreads 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 02.4 Fat-based desserts excluding dairy-based dessert products of food category 01.7 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.1.2.10 Fermented fruit products 200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.2.2.7 Fermented vegetable (including mushrooms and fungi, roots and tubers, pulses and legumes, and aloe vera) and seaweed products, excluding fermented soybean products of food categories 06.8.6, 06.8.7, 12.9.1, 12.9.2.1 and 12.9.2.3 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 07.2 Fine bakery wares (sweet, salty, savoury) and mixes 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.3.1 Fish and fish products, including mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms, marinated and/or in jelly 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.3.2 Fish and fish products, including mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms, pickled and/or in brine 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.1.4 Flavoured fluid milk drinks 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 13.6 Food supplements 600 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 10.1 Fresh eggs 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.1.1 Fresh fish 100 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 08.1.2 Fresh meat, poultry, and game, comminuted 20 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.2.4.3 Fried fish and fish products, including mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.2.2 Frozen battered fish, fish fillets, and fish products, including mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms 100 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.2.3 Frozen minced and creamed fish products, including mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 08.3.3 Frozen processed comminuted meat, poultry, and game products 5,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.1.2.11 Fruit fillings for pastries 100 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.1.2.3 Fruit in vinegar, oil, or brine 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.1.2.8 Fruit preparations, including pulp, purees, fruit toppings and coconut milk 100 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.1.2.9 Fruit-based desserts, including fruit-flavoured water-based desserts 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.1.2.6 Fruit-based spreads (e.g. chutney) excluding products of food category 04.1.2.5 500 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.4 Fully preserved, including canned or fermented fish and fish products, including mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms 500 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 08.3.2 Heat-treated processed comminuted meat, poultry, and game products 20 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 05.1.5 Imitation chocolate, chocolate substitute products 100 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.1.2.5 Jams, jellies, marmelades 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 02.1.3 Lard, tallow, fish oil, and other animal fats 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.5.2 Milk and cream powder analogues 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 12.6.3 Mixes for sauces and gravies 2,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 12.4 Mustards 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 12.6.2 Non-emulsified sauces (e.g. ketchup, cheese sauce, cream sauce, brown gravy) 2,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 08.3.1 Non-heat treated processed comminuted meat, poultry, and game products 20 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 11.4 Other sugars and syrups (e.g. xylose, maple syrup, sugar toppings) 50 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 06.4.3 Pre-cooked pastas and noodles and like products 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.6.4 Processed cheese 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 08.2 Processed meat, poultry, and game products in whole pieces or cuts 5,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 15.2 Processed nuts, including coated nuts and nut mixtures (with e.g. dried fruit) 20,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.6.2.2 Rind of ripened cheese 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.6.2.1 Ripened cheese, includes rind 600 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 12.7 Salads (e.g. macaroni salad, potato salad) and sandwich spreads excluding cocoa- and nut-based spreads of food categories 04.2.2.5 and 05.1.3 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.3.3 Salmon substitutes, caviar, and other fish roe products 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 12.2.2 Seasonings and condiments 500 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.3.4 Semi-preserved fish and fish products, including mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms (e.g. fish paste), excluding products of food categories 09.3.1 - 09.3.3 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.2.5 Smoked, dried, fermented, and/or salted fish and fish products, including mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 15.3 Snacks - fish based 100 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 15.1 Snacks - potato, cereal, flour or starch based (from roots and tubers, pulses and legumes) 100 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 12.5 Soups and broths 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.6.1 Unripened cheese 600 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.2.2.6 Vegetable (including mushrooms and fungi, roots and tubers, pulses and legumes, and aloe vera), seaweed, and nut and seed pulps and preparations (e.g. vegetable desserts and sauces, candied vegetables) other than food category 04.2.2.5 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.2.2.5 Vegetable (including mushrooms and fungi, roots and tubers, pulses and legumes, and aloe vera), seaweed, and nut and seed purees and spreads (e.g., peanut butter) 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 02.1.2 Vegetable oils and fats 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.2.2.3 Vegetables (including mushrooms and fungi, roots and tubers, pulses and legumes, and aloe vera), and seaweeds in vinegar, oil, brine, or soybean sauce 1,320 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 14.1.4 Water-based flavoured drinks, including "sport," "energy," or "electrolyte" drinks and particulated drinks 2,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 14.2.4 Wines (other than grape) 600 mg/kg

Note: Unless otherwise specified, food additive provisions apply to the food category indicated (e.g. Dairy), as well as to all subcategories of that category (e.g. Cheese, Ripened Cheese, etc.).


 printer-friendly version

GSFA Home Food Categories Food Additives Search Functional Classes Glossary

© FAO and WHO 2022