GSFA Online

Food Category Details

Food Category Hierarchy

Chewing gum (05.3)

Description:
Product made from natural or synthetic gum base containing flavours, sweeteners (nutritive or non-nutritive), aroma compounds, and other additives.1 Includes bubble gum and breath-freshener gum products.

This page provides information on the food additive provisions that are acceptable for use in foods conforming to the food category.

GSFA Provisions for Food Category 05.3
INS No. Food Additive or Group Max Level Notes Defined In
160c(ii) Paprika extract 150 mg/kg 05.3
ASCORBYL ESTERS 500 mg/kg 05.0
950 Acesulfame potassium 5,000 mg/kg 05.3
956 Alitame 300 mg/kg 05.3
129 Allura red AC 300 mg/kg 05.3
123 Amaranth 100 mg/kg 05.3
160b(i) Annatto extracts, bixin-based 300 mg/kg 05.3
160b(ii) Annatto extracts, norbixin-based 50 mg/kg 05.3
951 Aspartame 10,000 mg/kg 05.3
122 Azorubine (Carmoisine) 100 mg/kg 05.3
BENZOATES 1,500 mg/kg 05.3
901 Beeswax GMP 05.3
151 Brilliant black (Black PN) 300 mg/kg 05.3
133 Brilliant blue FCF 300 mg/kg 05.3
155 Brown HT 300 mg/kg 05.3
320 Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) 400 mg/kg 05.3
321 Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) 400 mg/kg 05.3
CAROTENOIDS 100 mg/kg 05.3
CHLOROPHYLLS AND CHLOROPHYLLINS, COPPER COMPLEXES 700 mg/kg 05.3
CYCLAMATES 3,000 mg/kg 05.3
902 Candelilla wax GMP 05.3
150b Caramel II - sulfite caramel 20,000 mg/kg 05.3
150c Caramel III - ammonia caramel 20,000 mg/kg 05.3
150d Caramel IV - sulfite ammonia caramel 20,000 mg/kg 05.3
120 Carmines 500 mg/kg 05.3
903 Carnauba wax 1,200 mg/kg 05.3
160a(ii) beta-Carotenes, vegetable 500 mg/kg 05.3
1503 Castor oil 2,100 mg/kg 05.3
100(i) Curcumin 300 mg/kg 05.3
459 Cyclodextrin, beta- 20,000 mg/kg 05.3
472e Diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol 50,000 mg/kg 05.3
127 Erythrosine 50 mg/kg 05.3
637 Ethyl maltol 1,000 mg/kg 05.3
143 Fast green FCF 300 mg/kg 05.3
163(ii) Grape skin extract 500 mg/kg 05.3
314 Guaiac resin 1,500 mg/kg 05.3
HYDROXYBENZOATES, PARA- 1,500 mg/kg 05.3
IRON OXIDES 10,000 mg/kg 05.3
132 Indigotine (Indigo carmine) 300 mg/kg 05.3
243 Lauric arginate ethyl ester 225 mg/kg 05.3
636 Maltol 200 mg/kg 05.3
905c(i) Microcrystalline wax 20,000 mg/kg 05.3
905d Mineral oil, high viscosity 20,000 mg/kg 05.3
905e Mineral oil, medium viscosity 2,000 mg/kg 05.0
961 Neotame 1,000 mg/kg 05.3
PHOSPHATES 44,000 mg/kg 05.3
POLYOXYETHYLENE STEARATES 200 mg/kg 05.3
POLYSORBATES 5,000 mg/kg 05.3
900a Polydimethylsiloxane 100 mg/kg 05.3
1521 Polyethylene glycol 20,000 mg/kg 05.3
475 Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids 5,000 mg/kg 05.3
476 Polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid 500 mg/kg 05.3
1201 Polyvinylpyrrolidone 10,000 mg/kg 05.3
124 Ponceau 4R (Cochineal red A) 300 mg/kg 05.3
310 Propyl gallate 1,000 mg/kg 05.3
1520 Propylene glycol 20,000 mg/kg 05.3
405 Propylene glycol alginate 5,000 mg/kg 05.3
477 Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids 20,000 mg/kg 05.3
104 Quinoline yellow 30 mg/kg 05.3
RIBOFLAVINS 1,000 mg/kg 05.3
SACCHARINS 2,500 mg/kg 05.3
SORBATES 1,500 mg/kg 05.3
SORBITAN ESTERS OF FATTY ACIDS 5,000 mg/kg 05.3
STEAROYL LACTYLATES 2,000 mg/kg 05.3
STEVIOL GLYCOSIDES 3,500 mg/kg 05.3
904 Shellac, bleached GMP 05.3
554 Sodium aluminium silicate 100 mg/kg 05.3
484 Stearyl citrate 15,000 mg/kg 05.3
955 Sucralose (Trichlorogalactosucrose) 5,000 mg/kg 05.3
474 Sucroglycerides 12,000 mg/kg 05.3
473a Sucrose Oligoesters, Type I and Type II 12,000 mg/kg 05.3
473 Sucrose esters of fatty acids 12,000 mg/kg 05.3
110 Sunset yellow FCF 300 mg/kg 05.3
TARTRATES 30,000 mg/kg 05.3
TOCOPHEROLS 1,500 mg/kg 05.3
102 Tartrazine 300 mg/kg 05.3
319 Tertiary butylhydroquinone (TBHQ) 400 mg/kg 05.3

Items in uppercase (e.g. PHOSPHATES) refer to food additive groups.


GSFA Table 3 Provisions

The following additives, as indicated by Table 3, may be used in this food category under the conditions of good manufacturing practice (GMP) as outlined in the Preamble of the Codex GSFA.

INS No. Food Additive or Group Acceptable in Foods Conforming to the Following Commodity Standards
260 Acetic acid, glacial
CS 119-1981
CS 302-2011
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981
CS 291-2010
CS 249-2006
CS 94-1981
472a Acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol
CS 117-1981
CS 309R-2011
1422 Acetylated distarch adipate
CS 119-1981
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 94-1981
1414 Acetylated distarch phosphate
CS 119-1981
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 94-1981
1451 Acetylated oxidized starch
CS 117-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 309R-2011
1401 Acid-treated starch
CS 119-1981
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 70-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 94-1981
406 Agar
CS 96-1981
CS 94-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 97-1981
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 119-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 249-2006
400 Alginic acid
CS 94-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 105-1981
CS 119-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 249-2006
1402 Alkaline treated starch
CS 119-1981
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 70-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 94-1981
403 Ammonium alginate
CS 117-1981
CS 309R-2011
503(i) Ammonium carbonate
CS 87-1981
CS 141-1983
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 291-2010
510 Ammonium chloride
503(ii) Ammonium hydrogen carbonate
CS 87-1981
CS 141-1983
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 291-2010
527 Ammonium hydroxide
CS 87-1981
CS 141-1983
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 291-2010
1100(i) alpha-Amylase from Aspergillus oryzae var.
1100(iv) alpha-Amylase from Bacillus megaterium expressed in Bacillus subtilis
1100(v) alpha-Amylase from Bacillus stearothermophilus expressed in Bacillus subtilis
1100(ii) alpha-Amylase from Bacillus stearothermophilus
1100(iii) alpha-Amylase from Bacillus subtilis
300 Ascorbic acid, L-
CS 13-1981
CS 96-1981
CS 319-2015 (acidity regulator in general and as antioxidant in canned pineapple and canned mangoes)
CS 249-2006
CS 89-1981
CS 302-2011
CS 57-1981
CS 97-1981
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 88-1981
CS 291-2010
CS 98-1981
162 Beet red
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015 (special holiday pack canned pears only)
CS 249-2006
1403 Bleached starch
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 309R-2011
1101(iii) Bromelain
CS 117-1981
629 Calcium 5'-guanylate
CS 117-1981
633 Calcium 5'-inosinate
CS 117-1981
634 Calcium 5'-ribonucleotides
CS 117-1981
263 Calcium acetate
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 291-2010
CS 309R-2011
404 Calcium alginate
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 94-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 119-1981 (for use in packing media only)
302 Calcium ascorbate
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015 (canned mangoes only)
CS 291-2010
170(i) Calcium carbonate
CS 87-1981
CS 141-1983
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
CS 319-2015
CS 263-1966, CS 264- 1966, CS 265-1966, CS 266-1966, CS 267-1966, CS 268-1966, CS 269- 1967, CS 270-1968, CS 271-1968, CS 272- 1968 (for use in cheese mass only for these standards)
CS 309R-2011
CS 105-1981
CS 291-2010
CS 249-2006
509 Calcium chloride
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015 (canned mangoes only)
623 Calcium di-L-glutamate
CS 117-1981
578 Calcium gluconate
CS 13-1981
CS 57-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
526 Calcium hydroxide
CS 87-1981
CS 141-1983
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 291-2010
327 Calcium lactate
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 291-2010
CS 249-2006
CS 309R-2011
352(ii) Calcium malate, D, L-
CS 117-1981
CS 302-2011
CS 319-2015
CS 291-2010
CS 309R-2011
529 Calcium oxide
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 291-2010
CS 249-2006
CS 309R-2011
282 Calcium propionate
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
552 Calcium silicate
CS 105-1981
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
516 Calcium sulfate
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 291-2010
CS 249-2006
CS 309R-2011
150a Caramel I – plain caramel
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015 (special holiday pack canned pears only)
CS 249-2006
1100(vi) Carbohydrase from Bacillus licheniformis
290 Carbon dioxide
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
410 Carob bean gum
CS 94-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 105-1981
CS 119-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 249-2006
407 Carrageenan
CS 96-1981
CS 94-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 97-1981
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 105-1981
CS 119-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 249-2006
427 Cassia gum
CS 117-1981
CS 309R-2011
140 Chlorophylls
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015 (special holiday pack canned pears only)
CS 263-1966, CS 264-1966 (for use in cheese mass only for these standards)
330 Citric acid
CS 119-1981
CS 87-1981
CS 13-1981
CS 141-1983
CS 319-2015
CS 90-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 94-1981
CS 37-1991
CS 302-2011
CS 57-1981
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981
CS 291-2010
472c Citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015 (canned mangoes only)
CS 291-2010
CS 309R-2011
468 Cross-linked sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (Cross-linked-cellulose gum)
CS 117-1981
CS 302-2011
424 Curdlan
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015 (canned mangoes only)
CS 249-2006
457 Cyclodextrin, alpha-
CS 117-1981
458 Cyclodextrin, gamma-
CS 117-1981
1504(i) Cyclotetraglucose
1504(ii) Cyclotetraglucose syrup
1400 Dextrins, roasted starch
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 309R-2011
628 Dipotassium 5'-guanylate
CS 117-1981
627 Disodium 5'-guanylate
CS 89-1981
CS 302-2011
CS 96-1981
CS 97-1981
CS 117-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 98-1981
631 Disodium 5'-inosinate
CS 89-1981
CS 302-2011
CS 96-1981
CS 97-1981
CS 117-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 98-1981
635 Disodium 5'-ribonucleotides
CS 117-1981
CS 249-2006
1412 Distarch phosphate
CS 119-1981
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 94-1981
315 Erythorbic Acid (Isoascorbic acid)
CS 89-1981
CS 319-2015 (canned mangoes only)
CS 96-1981
CS 97-1981
CS 117-1981
CS 88-1981
CS 291-2010
CS 98-1981
968 Erythritol
CS 117-1981
462 Ethyl cellulose
CS 117-1981
467 Ethyl hydroxyethyl cellulose
CS 117-1981
CS 309R-2011
297 Fumaric acid
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 291-2010
CS 309R-2011
418 Gellan gum
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 309R-2011
575 Glucono delta-lactone
CS 89-1981
CS 13-1981
CS 57-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
CS 98-1981
CS 263-1966, CS 264- 1966, CS 265-1966, CS 266-1966, CS 267-1966, CS 268-1966, CS 269- 1967, CS 270-1968, CS 271-1968, CS 272-1968, CS 274-1969, CS276- 1973, CS277-1973 (for use in cheese mass only for these standards)
1102 Glucose oxidase
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015 (canned mangoes only)
CS 291-2010
620 Glutamic acid, L(+)-
CS 117-1981
CS 249-2006
422 Glycerol
CS 117-1981
CS 87-1981
626 Guanylic acid, 5'-
CS 117-1981
412 Guar gum
CS 94-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 105-1981
CS 119-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 249-2006
414 Gum arabic (Acacia gum)
CS 117-1981
CS 87-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 309R-2011
419 Gum ghatti
CS 66-1981 (as a thickener in table olives with stuffing only)
CS 309R-2011
CS 243-2003
CS 117-1981
CS 296-2009
CS 256-2007
507 Hydrochloric acid
CS 13-1981
CS 57-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 291-2010
CS 98-1981
463 Hydroxypropyl cellulose
CS 117-1981
CS 309R-2011
1442 Hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate
CS 119-1981
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
CS 309R-2011
CS 70-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 94-1981
464 Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose
CS 117-1981
CS 309R-2011
1440 Hydroxypropyl starch
CS 119-1981
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 94-1981
630 Inosinic acid, 5'-
CS 117-1981
CS 302-2011
953 Isomalt (Hydrogenated isomaltulose)
CS 87-1981
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
CS 105-1981
416 Karaya gum
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 309R-2011
425 Konjac flour
CS 117-1981
CS 309R-2011
270 Lactic acid, L-, D- and DL-
CS 119-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981
CS 291-2010
CS 249-2006
CS 94-1981
472b Lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol
CS 117-1981
CS 309R-2011
966 Lactitol
CS 117-1981
CS 87-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 309R-2011
322(i) Lecithin
CS 87-1981
CS 141-1983
CS 319-2015 (canned mangoes only)
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 291-2010
CS 249-2006
322(ii) Lecithin, partially hydrolysed
1104 Lipases
CS 117-1981
161b(iii) Lutein esters from Tagetes erecta
CS 117-1981
CS 87-1981 (for use in surface decoration only)
160d(iii) Lycopene, Blakeslea trispora
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015 (special holiday pack canned pears only)
160d(i) Lycopene, synthetic
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015 (special holiday pack canned pears only)
160d(ii) Lycopene, tomato
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015 (special holiday pack canned pears only)
504(i) Magnesium carbonate
CS 87-1981
CS 141-1983
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
CS 319-2015
CS 263-1966, CS 264- 1966, CS 265-1966, CS 266-1966, CS 267-1966, CS 268-1966, CS 269- 1967, CS 270-1968, CS 271-1968, CS 272- 1968 (for use in cheese mass only for these standards)
CS 309R-2011
CS 105-1981
CS 291-2010
511 Magnesium chloride
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015 (canned mangoes only)
625 Magnesium di-L-glutamate
CS 117-1981
580 Magnesium gluconate
CS 13-1981
CS 57-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
528 Magnesium hydroxide
CS 87-1981
CS 141-1983
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 291-2010
504(ii) Magnesium hydroxide carbonate
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
CS 319-2015
CS 291-2010
CS 309R-2011
329 Magnesium lactate, DL-
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 291-2010
CS 309R-2011
530 Magnesium oxide
CS 87-1981
CS 141-1983
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 105-1981
CS 291-2010
553(i) Magnesium silicate, synthetic
CS 105-1981
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
470(iii) Magnesium stearate
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
CS 309R-2011
518 Magnesium sulfate
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015 (canned mangoes only)
296 Malic acid, DL-
CS 302-2011
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
CS 249-2006
965(i) Maltitol
CS 117-1981
CS 87-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 309R-2011
965(ii) Maltitol syrup
CS 117-1981
CS 87-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 309R-2011
421 Mannitol
CS 87-1981
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
CS 105-1981
1205 Methacrylate copolymer, basic (BMC)
CS 117-1981
461 Methyl cellulose
CS 117-1981
CS 309R-2011
465 Methyl ethyl cellulose
CS 117-1981
CS 309R-2011
460(i) Microcrystalline cellulose (Cellulose gel)
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
CS 263-1966, CS 264-1966, CS 265-1966, CS 266-1966, CS 267-1966, CS 268-1966, CS 269- 1967, CS 270-1968, CS 271-1968, CS 272-1968 (for surface treatment only, of sliced, cut, shredded or grated cheese for these cheese standards)
CS 105-1981
CS 309R-2011
471 Mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids
CS 87-1981
CS 141-1983
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 249-2006
624 Monoammonium L-glutamate
CS 117-1981
622 Monopotassium L-glutamate
CS 117-1981
621 Monosodium L-glutamate
CS 89-1981
CS 302-2011
CS 96-1981
CS 90-1981
CS 97-1981
CS 117-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 98-1981
1410 Monostarch phosphate
CS 119-1981
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 94-1981
941 Nitrogen
CS 117-1981
942 Nitrous oxide
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015 (canned mangoes only)
CS 291-2010
423 Octenyl succinic acid (OSA) modified gum arabic
CS 13-1981
CS 254-2007
CS 66-1981
CS 309R-2011
1404 Oxidized starch
CS 119-1981
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 70-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 94-1981
1101(ii) Papain
CS 117-1981
440 Pectins
CS 87-1981
CS 94-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 119-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 249-2006
1413 Phosphated distarch phosphate
CS 119-1981
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 94-1981
1200 Polydextroses
CS 117-1981
CS 87-1981
CS 105-1981
964 Polyglycitol syrup
CS 117-1981
1202 Polyvinylpyrrolidone, insoluble
CS 117-1981
632 Potassium 5’-inosinate
CS 117-1981
261(i) Potassium acetate
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 291-2010
CS 309R-2011
402 Potassium alginate
CS 96-1981
CS 94-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 97-1981
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 119-1981 (for use in packing media only)
501(i) Potassium carbonate
CS 87-1981
CS 141-1983
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 291-2010
CS 249-2006
508 Potassium chloride
CS 89-1981
CS 319-2015 (canned mangoes only)
CS 96-1981
CS 97-1981
CS 117-1981
CS 88-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 98-1981
332(i) Potassium dihydrogen citrate
CS 302-2011
CS 13-1981
CS 57-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
577 Potassium gluconate
CS 13-1981
CS 57-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
501(ii) Potassium hydrogen carbonate
CS 87-1981
CS 141-1983
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 291-2010
525 Potassium hydroxide
CS 87-1981
CS 141-1983
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 291-2010
326 Potassium lactate
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 291-2010
CS 309R-2011
283 Potassium propionate
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
515(i) Potassium sulfate
CS 13-1981
CS 57-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
460(ii) Powdered cellulose
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
CS 263-1966, CS 264-1966, CS 265-1966, CS 266-1966, CS 267-1966, CS 268-1966, CS 269- 1967, CS 270-1968, CS 271-1968, CS 272-1968 (for surface treatment only, of sliced, cut, shredded or grated cheese for these cheese standards)
CS 105-1981
CS 309R-2011
407a Processed eucheuma seaweed (PES)
CS 94-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 119-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 249-2006
280 Propionic acid
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
1101(i) Protease from Aspergillus orizae var.
CS 117-1981
1204 Pullulan
CS 117-1981
470(i) Salts of myristic, palmitic and stearic acids with ammonia, calcium, potassium and sodium
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
CS 309R-2011
470(ii) Salts of oleic acid with calcium, potassium and sodium
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
CS 309R-2011
551 Silicon dioxide, amorphous
CS 105-1981
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
350(ii) Sodium DL-malate
CS 302-2011
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
CS 249-2006
262(i) Sodium acetate
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 291-2010
CS 249-2006
CS 309R-2011
401 Sodium alginate
CS 96-1981
CS 94-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 97-1981
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 119-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 249-2006
301 Sodium ascorbate
CS 89-1981
CS 319-2015 (canned mangoes only)
CS 96-1981
CS 97-1981
CS 117-1981
CS 88-1981
CS 291-2010
CS 98-1981
500(i) Sodium carbonate
CS 87-1981
CS 141-1983
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 105-1981
CS 291-2010
CS 249-2006
466 Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (Cellulose gum)
CS 302-2011
CS 319-2015 (canned mangoes only)
CS 94-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 105-1981
CS 119-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 249-2006
469 Sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, enzymatically hydrolysed (Cellulose gum, enzymatically hydrolyzed)
CS 117-1981
331(i) Sodium dihydrogen citrate
CS 13-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 96-1981
CS 89-1981
CS 302-2011
CS 57-1981
CS 97-1981
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
CS 98-1981
316 Sodium erythorbate (Sodium isoascorbate)
CS 89-1981
CS 96-1981
CS 97-1981
CS 117-1981
CS 88-1981
CS 291-2010
CS 98-1981
365 Sodium fumarates
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 291-2010
CS 249-2006
CS 309R-2011
576 Sodium gluconate
CS 117-1981
350(i) Sodium hydrogen DL-malate
CS 302-2011
CS 319-2015
CS 291-2010
CS 309R-2011
CS 98-1981
500(ii) Sodium hydrogen carbonate
CS 87-1981
CS 141-1983
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 105-1981
CS 291-2010
CS 249-2006
514(ii) Sodium hydrogen sulfate
CS 117-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 291-2010
CS 309R-2011
524 Sodium hydroxide
CS 87-1981
CS 141-1983
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 291-2010
325 Sodium lactate
CS 302-2011
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
CS 249-2006
281 Sodium propionate
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
500(iii) Sodium sesquicarbonate
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
CS 319-2015
CS 291-2010
CS 309R-2011
514(i) Sodium sulfate
CS 13-1981
CS 57-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
420(i) Sorbitol
CS 117-1981
CS 87-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 249-2006
420(ii) Sorbitol syrup
CS 117-1981
CS 87-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 249-2006
1420 Starch acetate
CS 119-1981
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 94-1981
1450 Starch sodium octenyl succinate
CS 117-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 309R-2011
1405 Starches, enzyme treated
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 309R-2011
553(iii) Talc
CS 105-1981
CS 117-1981 (anticaking agents in dehydrated products only)
437 Tamarind seed polysaccharide
CS 119-1981
CS 66-1981 (as a thickener in table olives with stuffing only)
CS 296-2009
CS 273-1968 (as a stabilizer in cheese mass only)
CS 249-2006
CS 94-1981
CS 256-2007
CS 275-1973 (as a stabilizer, thickener, and emulsifier in cheese mass only)
CS 309R-2011
CS 243-2003
CS 117-1981
CS 288-1976
417 Tara gum
CS 117-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 249-2006
957 Thaumatin
CS 117-1981
CS 87-1981
CS 105-1981
171 Titanium dioxide
CS 117-1981
CS 272-1968 (for use in cheese mass only for these standards)
CS 319-2015 (special holiday pack canned pears only)
413 Tragacanth gum
CS 94-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 105-1981
CS 119-1981 (for use in packing media only)
1518 Triacetin
CS 117-1981
CS 309R-2011
380 Triammonium citrate
CS 13-1981
CS 57-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
333(iii) Tricalcium citrate
CS 13-1981
CS 57-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
332(ii) Tripotassium citrate
CS 302-2011
CS 13-1981
CS 57-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
331(iii) Trisodium citrate
CS 13-1981
CS 319-2015
CS 96-1981
CS 249-2006
CS 89-1981
CS 302-2011
CS 57-1981
CS 97-1981
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 291-2010
CS 98-1981
415 Xanthan gum
CS 94-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 309R-2011
CS 117-1981
CS 70-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 105-1981
CS 119-1981 (for use in packing media only)
CS 249-2006
967 Xylitol
CS 117-1981
CS 87-1981
CS 105-1981
CS 309R-2011

  1. Food Chemistry, H.-D. Belitz & W. Grosch, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1987, pp. 634-636.

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