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Food Additive Group Details

PHOSPHATES

The provisions that follow are defined at the additive group level, and thus apply to the total content of the additives participating in this group. Additives that make up this group are provided for reference only.

Participating Additive(s)

INS No. Additive Name
JECFA Lookup 342(i) Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate
JECFA Lookup 452(v) Ammonium polyphosphate
JECFA Lookup 542 Bone phosphate
JECFA Lookup 450(vii) Calcium dihydrogen diphosphate
JECFA Lookup 341(i) Calcium dihydrogen phosphate
JECFA Lookup 341(ii) Calcium hydrogen phosphate
JECFA Lookup 452(iv) Calcium polyphosphate
JECFA Lookup 342(ii) Diammonium hydrogen phosphate
JECFA Lookup 450(vi) Dicalcium diphosphate
JECFA Lookup 340(ii) Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate
JECFA Lookup 450(i) Disodium diphosphate
JECFA Lookup 339(ii) Disodium hydrogen phosphate
JECFA Lookup 450(ix) Magnesium dihydrogen diphosphate
JECFA Lookup 343(i) Magnesium dihydrogen phosphate
JECFA Lookup 343(ii) Magnesium hydrogen phosphate
JECFA Lookup 451(ii) Pentapotassium triphosphate
JECFA Lookup 451(i) Pentasodium triphosphate
JECFA Lookup 338 Phosphoric acid
JECFA Lookup 340(i) Potassium dihydrogen phosphate
JECFA Lookup 452(ii) Potassium polyphosphate
JECFA Lookup 452(iii) Sodium calcium polyphosphate
JECFA Lookup 339(i) Sodium dihydrogen phosphate
JECFA Lookup 452(i) Sodium polyphosphate
JECFA Lookup 450(v) Tetrapotassium diphosphate
JECFA Lookup 450(iii) Tetrasodium diphosphate
JECFA Lookup 341(iii) Tricalcium phosphate
JECFA Lookup 343(iii) Trimagnesium phosphate
JECFA Lookup 340(iii) Tripotassium phosphate
JECFA Lookup 450(ii) Trisodium diphosphate
JECFA Lookup 339(iii) Trisodium phosphate
GSFA Provisions for PHOSPHATES
Number Food Category Max Level Notes
Food Category Hierarchy 06.6 Batters (e.g. for breading or batters for fish or poultry) 5,600 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.3.2 Beverage whiteners 13,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 07.1.4 Bread-type products, including bread stuffing and bread crumbs 9,300 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 06.3 Breakfast cereals, including rolled oats 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 02.2.1 Butter 880 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.1.2.7 Candied fruit 10 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.2.2.4 Canned or bottled (pasteurized) or retort pouch vegetables (including mushrooms and fungi, roots and tubers, pulses and legumes, and aloe vera), and seaweeds 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 06.5 Cereal and starch based desserts (e.g. rice pudding, tapioca pudding) 7,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.6.5 Cheese analogues 9,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 05.3 Chewing gum 44,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 14.2.2 Cider and perry 880 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 05.1.4 Cocoa and chocolate products 1,100 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 05.1.1 Cocoa mixes (powders) and cocoa mass/cake 1,100 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 05.1.3 Cocoa-based spreads, including fillings 880 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 14.1.5 Coffee, coffee substitutes, tea, herbal infusions, and other hot cereal and grain beverages, excluding cocoa 300 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 13.2 Complementary foods for infants and young children 4,400 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 14.1.2.3 Concentrates for fruit juice 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 14.1.3.3 Concentrates for fruit nectar 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.3.1 Condensed milk (plain) 880 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 05.2 Confectionery including hard and soft candy, nougats, etc. other than food categories 05.1, 05.3 and 05.4 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.2.4.1 Cooked fish and fish products 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.2.4.2 Cooked mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.2.2.8 Cooked or fried vegetables (including mushrooms and fungi, roots and tubers, pulses and legumes, and aloe vera), and seaweeds 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 07.1.2 Crackers, excluding sweet crackers 9,300 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.4 Cream (plain) and the like 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.7 Dairy-based desserts (e.g. pudding, fruit or flavoured yoghurt) 1,500 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 05.4 Decorations (e.g. for fine bakery wares), toppings (non-fruit) and sweet sauces 1,500 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 13.5 Dietetic foods (e.g. supplementary foods for dietary use) excluding products of food categories 13.1 - 13.4 and 13.6 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 13.3 Dietetic foods intended for special medical purposes (excluding products of food category 13.1) 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 13.4 Dietetic formulae for slimming purposes and weight reduction 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 14.2.6 Distilled spirituous beverages containing more than 15% alcohol 440 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 06.4.2 Dried pastas and noodles and like products 900 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.2.2.2 Dried vegetables (including mushrooms and fungi, roots and tubers, pulses and legumes, and aloe vera), seaweeds, and nuts and seeds 5,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.8.2 Dried whey and whey products, excluding whey cheeses 4,400 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 08.4 Edible casings (e.g. sausage casings) 1,100 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 03.0 Edible ices, including sherbet and sorbet 7,500 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 10.4 Egg-based desserts (e.g. custard) 1,400 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 02.3 Fat emulsions mainly of type oil-in-water, including mixed and/or flavoured products based on fat emulsions 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 02.2.2 Fat spreads, dairy fat spreads and blended spreads 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 02.4 Fat-based desserts excluding dairy-based dessert products of food category 01.7 1,500 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.2 Fermented and renneted milk products (plain) 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.1.2.10 Fermented fruit products 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.2.2.7 Fermented vegetable (including mushrooms and fungi, roots and tubers, pulses and legumes, and aloe vera) and seaweed products, excluding fermented soybean products of food categories 06.8.6, 06.8.7, 12.9.1, 12.9.2.1 and 12.9.2.3 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 07.2 Fine bakery wares (sweet, salty, savoury) and mixes 9,300 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.3.1 Fish and fish products, including mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms, marinated and/or in jelly 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.3.2 Fish and fish products, including mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms, pickled and/or in brine 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.1.4 Flavoured fluid milk drinks 1,500 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 06.2.1 Flours 2,500 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.1.3.2 Fluid buttermilk (plain) 1,500 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.1.1 Fluid milk (plain) 1,500 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 13.6 Food supplements 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 06.4.1 Fresh pastas and noodles and like products 2,500 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.2.2 Frozen battered fish, fish fillets, and fish products, including mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 10.2.2 Frozen egg products 1,290 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.2.1 Frozen fish, fish fillets, and fish products, including mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.2.3 Frozen minced and creamed fish products, including mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 08.2.3 Frozen processed meat, poultry, and game products in whole pieces or cuts 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.2.2.1 Frozen vegetables (including mushrooms and fungi, roots and tubers, pulses and legumes, and aloe vera), seaweeds, and nuts and seeds 5,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.1.2.11 Fruit fillings for pastries 1,500 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.1.2.3 Fruit in vinegar, oil, or brine 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 14.1.2.1 Fruit juice 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 14.1.3.1 Fruit nectar 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.1.2.8 Fruit preparations, including pulp, purees, fruit toppings and coconut milk 350 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.1.2.9 Fruit-based desserts, including fruit-flavoured water-based desserts 1,500 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.1.2.6 Fruit-based spreads (e.g. chutney) excluding products of food category 04.1.2.5 1,100 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.4 Fully preserved, including canned or fermented fish and fish products, including mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 08.2.2 Heat-treated processed meat, poultry, and game products in whole pieces or cuts 1,320 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 05.1.5 Imitation chocolate, chocolate substitute products 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 10.2.1 Liquid egg products 4,400 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.8.1 Liquid whey and whey products, excluding whey cheeses 880 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 14.2.5 Mead 440 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.5.2 Milk and cream powder analogues 4,400 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.5.1 Milk powder and cream powder (plain) 4,400 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 07.1.6 Mixes for bread and ordinary bakery wares 9,300 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 08.2.1 Non-heat treated processed meat, poultry, and game products in whole pieces or cuts 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.1.2 Other fluid milk (plain) 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 07.1.3 Other ordinary bakery products (e.g. bagels, pita, English muffins) 9,300 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 11.4 Other sugars and syrups (e.g. xylose, maple syrup, sugar toppings) 1,320 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.2.1.3 Peeled, cut or shredded fresh vegetables (including mushrooms and fungi, roots and tubers, pulses and legumes, and aloe vera), seaweeds, and nuts and seeds 5,600 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 11.1.2 Powdered sugar, powdered dextrose 6,600 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 06.4.3 Pre-cooked pastas and noodles and like products 2,500 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 10.3 Preserved eggs, including alkaline, salted, and canned eggs 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.6.4 Processed cheese 9,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 08.3 Processed comminuted meat, poultry, and game products 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 15.0 Ready-to-eat savouries 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.3.3 Salmon substitutes, caviar, and other fish roe products 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 12.1.1 Salt 8,800 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 12.1.2 Salt Substitutes 4,400 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 12.6 Sauces and like products 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 12.2.2 Seasonings and condiments 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.3.4 Semi-preserved fish and fish products, including mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms (e.g. fish paste), excluding products of food categories 09.3.1 - 09.3.3 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 09.2.5 Smoked, dried, fermented, and/or salted fish and fish products, including mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 07.1.1.2 Soda breads 9,300 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 12.5 Soups and broths 1,500 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 06.8.3 Soybean curd (tofu) 100 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 06.8.1 Soybean-based beverages 1,300 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 12.9 Soybean-based seasonings and condiments 1,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 07.1.5 Steamed breads and buns 9,300 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.2.1.2 Surface-treated fresh vegetables (including mushrooms and fungi, roots and tubers, pulses and legumes, and aloe vera), seaweeds, and nuts and seeds 1,760 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 11.6 Table-top sweeteners, including those containing high-intensity sweeteners 1,000 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 01.6.1 Unripened cheese 4,400 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.2.2.6 Vegetable (including mushrooms and fungi, roots and tubers, pulses and legumes, and aloe vera), seaweed, and nut and seed pulps and preparations (e.g. vegetable desserts and sauces, candied vegetables) other than food category 04.2.2.5 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.2.2.5 Vegetable (including mushrooms and fungi, roots and tubers, pulses and legumes, and aloe vera), seaweed, and nut and seed purees and spreads (e.g., peanut butter) 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 04.2.2.3 Vegetables (including mushrooms and fungi, roots and tubers, pulses and legumes, and aloe vera), and seaweeds in vinegar, oil, brine, or soybean sauce 2,200 mg/kg
Food Category Hierarchy 14.1.4 Water-based flavoured drinks, including "sport," "energy," or "electrolyte" drinks and particulated drinks 1,000 mg/kg

Note: Unless otherwise specified, food additive provisions apply to the food category indicated (e.g. Dairy), as well as to all subcategories of that category (e.g. Cheese, Ripened Cheese, etc.).

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