Economic and Policy Analysis of Climate Change
©FAO/Luis Tato

Four BioCarbon Fund projects

The comparison between EX-ACT results and other carbon analysis made in the context of CDM projects was achieved, questioning the relevance of EX-ACT potential use in this project approach. A timesaving approach was assumed in order to appraise the projects activities and different options during the formulation of the projects.

Four projects were tested:
Acacia Senegal plantation project in Mali: Aims at reforesting around 6,000 ha of Acacia Senegal; endemic specie that covers the whole African Sahel in the northern region of Nara. The project shall also re-introduce agricultural activities through intercropping with groundnuts and cowpeas. The project will respond to the disappearance of Mali natural dry forests, which is provoked by the growing demand of firewood and cattle grazing. This deforestation has particularly affected gum-producing Acacia Senegal.

Afforestation project in Himachal Pradesh (India): The objective is to restore degraded land while enhancing the sustainability of the watershed interventions, peoples’ livelihoods options and maximizing carbon sequestration. The project will conduct reforestation and afforestation activities to restore degraded natural forest corridors that fall within the catchment treated by a larger Mid-Himalaya Watershed Project (MHWP).

Assisted natural regeneration project in Humbo (Ethiopia): The main activities of the project consist of the establishment of bio diverse native forest and support income through assisted natural regeneration of the Humbo area. It is aimed at hindering the loss of original Ethiopian high forest that has en essential role for the local livelihoods and biodiversity. Further, project is aimed at providing support in order to reduce the threat of critically endangered species and improving the connectivity of fragmented forest resources.

Soil conservation project in Moldavia:The main activity of the project consists in restoring the productivity of degraded lands through afforestation activities involving locally adoptive species, i.e. 4 groups of species including Quercus, Robinia, populus, pinus species.







First tool used





Period of analysis

30 years

20 years

30 years

20 years

Result with the first tool (in eq-CO2)

1.4 MT

3.9 MT

880,295.9 t

3,970,839 t

Result with EX-ACT (in eq-CO2)

1.459 MT

4.19 MT

869,377 t

3,922,666 t