Economic and Policy Analysis of Climate Change
©FAO/Marco Palombi

Kazakhstan Projects

1) Forest Protection and Reforestation Project

The Forest Protection and Reforestation Project aims at the development of cost effective and sustainable environmental rehabilitation and management of forest lands and associated rangelands, with a focus on the Irtysh pine forest, the dry Aral Seabed, and saxaul rangelands. The project did address a range of forestry sector issues, as e.g. 1. Reforestation activities and the purchase of fire management equipment in the Irtysh Pine Forest; 2. Amelioration of the Dry Aral Seabed; and 3. Capacity building of the national forestry institutions.

Besides the project includes activities on forest rehabilitation, strengthening of participatory forest management, rehabilitation and protection of the vegetative cover on non-forest lands, rangeland management, and support to tree nurseries.

The EX-ACT analysis provides an ex-ante appraisal of the project impacts on the carbon balance.

2) GHG Appraisal of the Climate Adaptation and Mitigation Program for Aral Sea Basin in Kazakhstan

The Climate Adaptation and Mitigation Program for Aral Sea Basin (CAMP4ASBII) offers the platform to accelerate the move towards more effective climate risk management and action, through better information and experience sharing to enable collaboration and investments around mounting climate challenges, which often transcend borders in the region. The Project Development Objective (PDO) is to enhance access of national stakeholders to improved climate change knowledge services and pilot climate-smart practices and technologies for rural actors in selected climate vulnerable areas of Kazakhstan.  This will be achieved through Kazakhstan’s participation in the CAMP4ASB regional program.

The Facility will provide matching grants to rural communities for piloting and scaling-up suitable technologies and practices for climate resilience, risk reduction, and mitigation.  Beneficiaries will be able to receive up to 80 percent of a sub-project investment as a matching grant and are expected to contribute partly in cash and in kind as labor or equipment costs. 

The EX-ACT analysis appraises the impact of these measures on the Carbon Balance and thereby compares different possible scenarios.